Byelorussian collaboration with Nazi Germany
During World War II, some Belarusians collaborated with the invading Axis powers. Until the beginning of Operation Barbarossa in 1941, the territory of Belarus was under control of the Soviet Union, as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. However, memories of the Soviet repressions in Belarus and collectivization, as well as of the polonization and discrimination of Belarusians in the Second Polish Republic were still fresh, and many people in Belarus wanted an independent Belarus. Many Belarusians chose to cooperate with the invaders in order to achieve that goal, assuming that Nazi Germany might allow them to have their own independent state after the war ended.
The Belarusian organizations never received any administrative control over the territory of Belarus, the real power was in the hands of the German civil and military administrations. The collaborationist Belarusian Central Rada, presenting itself as a Belarusian governmental body, was formed in Minsk few months before Belarus was taken over by the Soviet Army.
Before the war, a Belarusian National Socialist Party was formed by a small group of Belarusian nationalists in Poland-controlled West Belarus in 1933. The group was far less influential than other Belarusian political parties in interwar Poland, such as the Belarusian Peasants' and Workers' Union and the Belarusian Christian Democracy. BNSP was banned by the Polish authorities in 1937. Its leaders left for Berlin and became one of the first advisers to the Germans at the onset of Operation Barbarossa.
Belarusian military and paramilitary units in the German army
- Belarusian Abwehr/Brandenburg Sabouteur agents
- Vorkommando Einsatzgruppe B, also Vorkommando Moskau
- Belarusian Auxiliary Police
- Belarusian Home Defence (Belarusian Interior Guard – BKA)
- 29. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS RONA (russische Nr. 1)
- 30. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (weißruthenische Nr. 1)
- weissruthenische Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der SS 75
- I./weissruthenische Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der SS 75
- II./weissruthenische Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der SS 75
- III./weissruthenische Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment der SS 75
- 13th weissruthenische battalion of SD
- weissruthenische Artillerie-Abteilung
- weissruthenische Panzerjäger-Abteilung
- weissruthenische Reiter-Schwadron
- Waffen Sturmbrigade Belarus
- "Čorny Kot" ("Black Cat") Special undercover unit
German Commanders and officers associated with Belarus
- Radasłaŭ Astroŭski, Mayor of Smolensk and later the President of Belarusian Central Rada
- Jury Sabaleŭski, Major of Baranavičy and Vice-President of the Belarusian Central Council
- Mikałaj Łapicki, Orthodox priest and Editor-in-Chief of the Ranica newspaper
- Vacłaŭ Ivanoŭski, Mayor of Minsk
- Ivan Jermačenka, local political adviser
- Stanisłaŭ Stankievič, Mayor of Barysaŭ
- Emmanuel Jasiuk, Mayor of Klecak
- Jaŭchim Kipel, president of the Second All-Belarusian Rada Congress
- Ivan Kasiak, Belarusian provincial governor
- Jury Bartyševič, Minister of Administration of occupational Astroŭski government
- Anton Adamovič, member in self-help Belarusian organization
- Mikoła Abramčyk, editor of the Ranica newspaper
- Stanisłaŭ Hrynkievič
- Belarusian National Socialist Party
- Self-help Belarusian Groups
- Belarusian affairs office
- Belarusian "Ventruensausschuss" administrative-political organization
- First Zentralrat political organization
- Ranica, a Berlin-based Belarusian newspaper
- Jury Turonak.
- Rein 2013, The Kings and the Pawns, page 135.
- Rein, Leonid (2013). The Kings and the Pawns: Collaboration in Byelorussia during World War II. Volume 15 of War and Genocide. New York: Berghahn. ISBN 1782380485.
- Dean, Martin (2003). Collaboration in the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941-44 (New ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1403963710.