Bulgarian-Serbian relations are foreign relations between Bulgaria and Serbia. They established diplomatic relations on 18 January 1879 as the Principality of Serbia (independent) and Principality of Bulgaria (vassal of the Ottoman Empire which exercised de facto independence). Bulgaria has an embassy in Belgrade. Serbia has an embassy in Sofia.
Both countries are full members of the Southeast European Cooperation Process, of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, of the Central European Initiative, of the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative and of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation. The countries share 318 km of common borderline.
The relationship between Serbia and Bulgaria is divided between cooperation and conflicts. Bulgaria recognized Kosovo as an independent country in 2008, which temporarily strained relations between two nations.
|Population||7,101,859||7,040,272 (excluding Kosovo)|
|Area||110,993.6 km² (42,823 sq mi)||88,361 km² (34,116 sq mi ) (including Kosovo)|
77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi) (excluding Kosovo)
|Population Density||64.9 /km² (185 /sq mi)||91,1/km2 (238/sq mi)|
|Largest City||Sofia - 1,238,438 (1,681,592 Metro)||Belgrade - 1,233,796 (1,683,962 Metro)|
|Government||Parliamentary republic||Parliamentary republic|
|Main religions||59.5% Eastern Orthodoxy, 21.8% Not declared, 9.3% No religion, 7.9% Islam,
0.9% Protestantism 0.7% Catholicism
|84.59% Eastern Orthodoxy, 4.97% Catholicism, 3.10% Islam,|
0.99% Protestantism, 1.11% No religion, 5.24% others (excluding Kosovo)
|Ethnic groups||76.9% Bulgarians, 9-11% Roma, 8% Turkish and 0.7%
|83.3% Serbs, 3.5% Hungarians, 2.1% Roma, 2% Bosniaks,|
9% other groups (excluding Kosovo)
|GDP (nominal)||$55.954 billion ($7,924 per capita)||$42.378 billion ($6,052 per capita) (excluding Kosovo)|
- Agatonović, Rad. (1899). "Односи између Србије и Блгарске" (in Serbian). Kingdom of Serbia. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014.
- Antić, Dejan D. "A view of Serbian-Bulgarian relations at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century." Godišnjak Pedagoškog fakulteta u Vranju 7 (2016): 55-67.