14,509 (by birth, 2011 Census)
12,234 (by ancestry, 2011 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Portuguese and English|
|Christianity (Roman Catholicism, mainly nominal numbers, and some Protestantism, mostly Evangelical and Pentecostal), but also a minority of Spiritism and others|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Brazilian people, Latin American Australians, Portuguese Australians, Brazilian British, Brazilian Canadians, Brazilian Americans|
According to the 2011 Census, 14,509 Australians were born in Brazil while 12,234 claimed Brazilian ancestry, either alone or with another ancestry. There was a significant increase of 93.6 per cent from the 2006 Census which had recorded 6,647 Brazil-born people while 7,491 had claimed Brazilian ancestry.
Although Brazilian migration in the eighteenth and nineteenth and centuries has not been documented, there is evidence of early Brazilian interest in Australia. However, concrete evidence of a Brazilian presence in Australia does not appear until the turn of the twentieth century, when census officials in 1901 counted 105 Brazilian-born in Australia.
Two waves of immigration
The first Brazilian migrants began arriving in Australia in the mid-1970s. They were attracted to Australia by an Australian government assistance scheme. The second wave of migration began in the late 1990s and continues today. It is widely attributed to growing socio-economic power within Brazil since the 1980s and Brazilian's strong desire to learn English. Australia is becoming an appealing destination to learn English after the United States and England.
There has also been an influx of Brazilian students who have come to attend Australian universities. These students come independent of their families on study visas, and usually go home after completion of their studies. Brazilians have become the largest source of international student enrollments in Australia outside of Asia.
Demographics and Statistics
According to the 2001 Census conducted by the Australian Board of Statistics, there were almost 5,000 people living in Australia who identified as being of Brazilian origin. This was a 39% increase from 1996.
Notable Brazilian Australians
- "The Brazil-born Community". Australian Government Department of Immigration and Border Protection. 7 November 2013. Archived from the original on 18 November 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 June 2008. Total count of persons: 19,855,288.
- "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2 June 2008. Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
- James Jupp (2001). The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People and Their Origins. Cambridge University Press. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-521-80789-0. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- "A Brief History of Brazilian Immigration to Sydney". cts.hss.uts.edu.au. 13 November 2006. Archived from the original on 12 September 2009. Retrieved 16 June 2009.
- "Arriba! Why are we a trendy destination for Latin American students?". Crikey. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2016.