Boston Housing Authority
|Formed||October 1, 1935|
|Headquarters||52 Chauncy Street, Boston, MA 02111|
|Annual budget||$180 million|
In the federal government model of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), BHA is a public housing agency. As such, BHA administers federal government assistance programs and monies for locally subsidized housing.
With 70 developments, and serving almost 26,000 people across over 12,600 public housing units, it is the largest public housing authority in New England. It also offers partial subsidies for private housing, assisting another 32,000 people, and administers federal Section 8 vouchers.
The BHA was established on October 1, 1935 by the mayor and city council of Boston under Massachusetts General Law allowing cities and towns of Massachusetts to establish housing authorities. According to Massachusetts law, its mission was to be responsible for providing decent, safe and sanitary housing for families unable to afford housing without public subsidies. BHA was also charged with clearing substandard, decadent or blighted open areas and urban redevelopment, although this responsibility was later transferred to the Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA) in 1957.
The management and governance of the BHA is different from that of other housing authorities since 1975, when BHA was sued in Boston City Housing Court by a group of BHA tenants, represented by Greater Boston Legal Services, regarding poor conditions in housing projects under the authority's control. As a result of the ruling which was in favor of the tenants, a court-appointed master prepared a report listing recommendations that provided the basis for a consent decree signed in 1977 by BHA, Greater Boston Legal Services and the Boston Public Housing Tenants Policy Council. The decree listed a series of improvements that BHA was supposed to make over the course of three years. The master, responsible for monitoring BHA's compliance with the consent decree, gave approval for all major decisions made by the BHA board and administrator.
In 1979, the judge ruled that BHA had failed to satisfactorily fulfill the terms of the consent decree and BHA was placed in receivership, with its board of commissioners and administrator replaced by a court-appointed receiver. Since 1990, when the receivership ended, BHA has been directed by an administrator whose activities are reviewed by a nine-member monitoring committee appointed by the mayor of Boston.
William McGonagle has been its chief administrator since 2009.
List of developments
As of 2014, the BHA oversees 70 developments across 13 Boston neighborhoods. Of them, 38 are designated for elderly and disabled housing (two of which contain additional family units) and 32 are designated for families (one of which contains additional elderly and disabled units).
- St. Botolph Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Commonwealth (family)
- Commonwealth Elderly (elderly, disabled)
- Fanueil (family)
- J.J. Carroll Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Patricia White (elderly, disabled)
- Washington Street (elderly, disabled)
- Basilica (family)
- Charlestown (family)
- General Warren (elderly, disabled)
- Annapolis Street (elderly, disabled)
- Ashmont Street (elderly, disabled)
- Bellflower Street (elderly, disabled)
- Codman Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Franklin Field (family, elderly, disabled)
- Franklin Hill (family)
- Lower Mills (elderly, disabled)
- Meade Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Pasciucco Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Peabody Square (elderly, disabled)
- Heritage Apartments (elderly, disabled, family)
- Orient Heights (family)
- Davison (elderly, disabled)
- Fairmount (family)
- Hassan Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Joseph C. Malone Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Amory Street (elderly, disabled)
- Bromley Park (family, elderly, disabled)
- Heath Street (family)
- Pond Street (elderly, disabled)
- South Street (family)
- Gallivan Boulevard (family)
- Groveland (elderly, disabled)
- Ausonia Homes North End (elderly, disabled)
- Archdale (family)
- Roslyn Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Washington-Beech (family)
- Alice Heyward Taylor (family)
- Highland Park (family)
- Holgate Apartments (elderly, disabled)
- Rev. M.L.K Jr. Towers (elderly, disabled)
- Rockland Towers West (elderly, disabled)
- Spring Street West (elderly, disabled)
- Walnut Park (elderly, disabled)
- Whittier Street (family)
- Lenox Street (family)
- Orchard Park (family) (demolished)
- Camden Street (family)
- Cathedral (family)
- Eva White (elderly, disabled)
- Frederick Douglass (elderly, disabled)
- Hampton House (elderly, disabled)
- Lenox Street (family)
- Rutland/East Springfield Street (family)
- Torre Unidad (elderly, disabled)
- Washington Manor (elderly, disabled)
- West Newton Street (family)
- BHA, PHA 5-Year and Annual Plan: Boston Housing Authority, July 14, 2010
- Vale, Lawrence J., From the Puritans to the projects: public housing and public neighbors, Harvard University Press, 2000.
- List of Public Housing Authorities in Massachusetts - US Department of Housing and Urban Development website
- "HUD's Public Housing Program", US Department of Housing and Urban Development website
- "Public Housing Agency (PHA) - A State, county, municipality or other governmental entity or public body (or agency or instrumentality thereof) authorized to engage in or assist in the development or operation of low-income housing." - HUD definition. Cf. July 14, 2010 BHA Five Year Plan submitted to HUD.
- "Monitoring Committee." Boston Housing Authority.
- Swett, Kristen, (archivist), "City of Boston Archives and Records Management Division: Guide to the Boston Housing Authority records : Reports and publications relating to public housing", City of Boston Archives and Records Management Division, Dates of materials: 1942-1978
- Cf. Vale (2000), p.161 and onward
- "Dwelling Unit Summary 4/1/14." Boston Housing Authority. An interactive map of the BHA's public housing developments is available at: "Public Housing Community Map." Boston Housing Authority.
- Vale, Lawrence J., Reclaiming Public Housing: A Half Century of Struggle in Three Public Neighborhoods, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2002.
- Boston Housing Authority (official site)