Bootle (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bootle in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Population||98,449 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||70,824 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Bootle, Crosby, Waterloo, Seaforth, Litherland, Netherton, Orrell and Ford.|
|Member of parliament||Peter Dowd (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South West Lancashire|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
The constituency was, early-on, Conservative-won and represented by party leader Bonar Law from 1911 until 1918 when property qualifications for the vote were abolished. A Liberal seat in the 1920s, it then became a Conservative – Labour marginal in the 1930s when the mainstream Labour party went into National Coalition. The Labour Party has held it continuously since the 1945 general election which saw two decades of steep decline in the profitability of Liverpool Docks, manufacturing and shipbuilding which employed many workers. In the three general election from and including 1997 Bootle was the safest seat for any party in Britain by percentage of majority.
In 1990 two by-elections were required in Bootle. The first followed the death of Allan Roberts on 21 February — held on 24 May. Jack Holmes, the candidate of the continuing Social Democratic Party (representing the part of the party which did not merge with the Liberal Democrats) was beaten by Screaming Lord Sutch of the Official Monster Raving Loony Party contributing to the end of the 1980s-party. The victorious Labour candidate, Michael Carr unexpectedly died on 20 July 1990 after 57 days in office.
The second by-election, held on 8 November 1990, was won by Joe Benton (Lab). Benton held Bootle in the four following general elections with large majorities. In the 2005 election the seat was the safest seat by percentage of majority and had the highest winning share of the vote. In June 2014, Benton announced he would retire at the 2015 general election.
The seat has some small neighbourhoods with middle-to-high incomes, but generally residents have some of the lowest UK incomes and there is a higher-than-average proportion of social housing. The constituency has long been one of the safest seats in the United Kingdom and since 1983 has given majorities in excess of 50% to the Labour Party candidate at General Elections.
1885-1918: The Boroughs of Bootle-cum-Linacre and Liverpool, the parishes of Childwall, Fazakerley, Walton-on-the-Hill, and Wavertree, and parts of the parishes of Toxteth Park and West Derby.
1918-1950: The County Borough of Bootle.
1950-1955: The County Borough of Bootle, and the Urban District of Litherland.
1955-1974: As 1918.
1974-1983: As 1950.
1983-1997: The Borough of Sefton wards of Church, Derby, Ford, Linacre, Litherland, Netherton, Orrell, and St Oswald.
1997-2010: As above less Church ward.
2010-present: The Borough of Sefton wards of Church, Derby, Ford, Linacre, Litherland, Netherton and Orrell, St Oswald, and Victoria.
The constituency covers the southern part of the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton in Merseyside. This comprises Bootle itself plus other localities including Crosby, Waterloo, Seaforth, Litherland, Netherton, Orrell and Ford.
Boundary changes that came into force as a result of the 2010 general election being called saw the constituency grow to also include parts of the old Crosby constituency, with the electoral wards of Church and Victoria being added. Although these areas are more affluent than some parts of Bootle, it has not changed the seat from being anything other than a safe Labour one.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||David Newman||837||1.7||-0.5|
|Socialist Labour||Kim Bryan||424||0.8||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David Newman||978||2.2||-13.0|
|Liberal Democrat||James Murray||6,245||15.1||+3.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Newby||2,988||11.7||+3.2|
|Socialist Alternative||Peter Glover||655||2.6||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Jim Murray||2,357||8.5||+2.8|
|Socialist Labour||Dave Flynn||971||3.5||+2.4|
|Socialist Alliance||Peter Glover||672||2.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Kiron Reid||2,191||5.7||−0.9|
|Socialist Labour||Peter Glover||420||1.1||N/A|
|Natural Law||Simon Cohen||126||0.3||−0.2|
|Conservative||Christopher J. Varley||8,022||16.0||−4.1|
|Liberal Democrat||John Cunningham||3,301||6.6||−6.4|
|Natural Law||Thomas Haynes||264||0.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||John Cunningham||2,216||7.9||−1.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||310||1.1||−0.1|
|Christian Alliance||David Black||132||0.5||+0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||John Cunningham||3,179||8.9||−4.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||418||1.2||+1.2|
|Independent||T. J. Schofield||27||0.1||+0.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Paul Denham||6,820||13.0||−10.4|
|Social Democratic||John Wall||12,068||23.4||+13.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|Independent Liberal||H.I. Fjortoft||911||2.1||N/A|
|Conservative||J F Borrows||10,743||24.9||−1.7|
Elections in the 1960s
|Independent Labour||William Grant||1,931||6.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Harry O Cullen||18,379||46.3||−1.7|
|Conservative||Herbert W Jones||17,582||48.0||+3.3|
|Conservative||A Owen Hughes||22,535||44.7||−0.2|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Ernest Eric Edwards||5,523||15.7||−4.1|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+6.8|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Independent||J E Burke||425||1.8|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
Elections in the 1910s
|Sailors' Union||Edmund Cathery||7,235||37.0|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Bonar Law
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||Alfred Patten Thomas||7,481||48.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Bootle: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- report, p14
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
- "General Election 2017: who is standing for election". Liverpool Echo. 11 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Bootle". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- The changes and swing are calculated relative to the 1987 general election, not to either of the 1990 by-elections.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bootle — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.