Bolton (UK Parliament constituency)

Bolton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of members two
Replaced by Bolton East and Bolton West
Created from Lancashire

Bolton was a borough constituency centred on the town of Bolton in the county of Lancashire. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons for the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the bloc vote system.

Created by the Reform Act of 1832, it was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was abolished in 1950, being split into single-member divisions of Bolton East and Bolton West.

Members of Parliament

Election1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
1832 Robert Torrens Whig William Bolling Tory
1835 Peter Ainsworth Whig[1][2]
1837
1841 John Bowring Radical[3][4][5][6][7][8]
1847 William Bolling Conservative[9][10][11]
1848 Stephen Blair Conservative[12][13]
1849 Sir Joshua Walmsley Radicals[14][15][16]
1852 Thomas Barnes Radical[17][18] Joseph Crook Radical[19][20]
1857 William Gray Conservative
1859 Liberal
1861 Thomas Barnes Liberal
1865
1868 John Hick Conservative
1874 John Kynaston Cross Liberal
1880 John Pennington Thomasson Liberal
1885 Herbert Shepherd-Cross Unionist Francis Charles Bridgeman Unionist
1886
1892
1895 Conservative George Harwood Liberal
1900
1906 Alfred Henry Gill Labour
Jan 1910
Dec 1910
1912 Thomas Taylor Liberal
1914 Robert Tootill Labour
1916 William Edge Liberal
1918 Coalition Liberal
1922 William Russell Conservative National Liberal
1923 Sir Joseph Herbert Cunliffe Conservative Albert Law Labour
1924 Cecil Hilton Unionist
1929 Michael Brothers Labour Albert Law Labour
1931 Sir John Haslam Conservative Sir Cyril Entwistle Conservative
1935
1940 Sir Edward Cadogan Conservative
1945 John Henry Jones Labour John Lewis Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Bolton East & Bolton West

Election results

Winning candidates are highlighted in bold.

Elections in the 1850s

General Election 1852: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Thomas Barnes 745 29.4
Radical Joseph Crook 727 28.7
Conservative Stephen Blair 717 28.3
Whig Peter Ainsworth[22] 346 13.6
Majority 10 0.4 N/A
Turnout 1,268 (est) 75.9 (est)
Registered electors 1,671
Radical hold Swing
Radical gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1857: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Gray 930 35.0 +6.7
Radical Joseph Crook 895 33.7 +5.0
Radical Thomas Barnes 832 31.3 +1.9
Majority 35 1.3 N/A
Turnout 1,794 (est) 92.8 (est) +16.9
Registered electors 1,933
Conservative gain from Radical Swing +1.6
Radical hold Swing +0.8
General Election 1859: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Gray Unopposed
Liberal Joseph Crook Unopposed
Registered electors 2,050
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s

Crook's resignation caused a by-election.

By-election, 11 Feb 1861: Bolton (1 seat)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Barnes Unopposed
Liberal hold
General Election 1865: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Gray 1,022 28.5 N/A
Liberal Thomas Barnes 979 27.3 N/A
Liberal Samuel Pope[23] 864 24.1 N/A
Liberal-Conservative William Gibb[24] 727 20.2 N/A
Turnout 1,796 (est) 82.2 (est) N/A
Registered electors 2,186
Majority 43 1.2 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 252 7.0 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hick 6,062 26.6 +12.3
Conservative William Gray 5,848 25.7 +11.4
Liberal Thomas Barnes 5,451 23.9 3.4
Liberal Samuel Pope[23] 5,436 23.8 0.3
Majority 397 1.7 +0.5
Turnout 11,399 (est) 90.1 (est) +7.9
Registered electors 12,650
Conservative hold Swing +6.3
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.4

Elections in the 1870s

General Election 1874: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hick 5,987 26.2 0.4
Liberal John Kynaston Cross 5,782 25.3 +1.4
Conservative William Gray 5,650 24.7 1.0
Liberal James Knowles[25] 5,440 23.8 +0.0
Turnout 11,430 (est) 90.7 (est) +0.6
Registered electors 12,595
Majority 205 0.9 0.8
Conservative hold Swing 0.2
Majority 132 0.6 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880: Bolton (2 seats)[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Kynaston Cross 6,964 26.2 +0.9
Liberal John Pennington Thomasson 6,673 25.1 +1.3
Conservative Thomas Lever Rushton[26] 6,540 24.6 1.6
Conservative Francis Charles Bridgeman 6,415 24.1 0.6
Majority 133 0.5 0.1
Turnout 13,296 (est) 95.3 (est) +4.6
Registered electors 13,956
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.3
Liberal hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1885: Bolton (2 seats)[27][28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Shepherd-Cross 7,933 26.6 +2.0
Conservative Francis Charles Bridgeman 7,655 25.8 +1.7
Liberal John Kynaston Cross 6,725 22.6 3.6
Liberal John Pennington Thomasson 6,228 21.0 4.1
Ind. Conservative Henry Marriott Richardson 1,191 4.0 N/A
Majority 930 3.2 N/A
Turnout 15,069 93.8 1.5 (est)
Registered electors 16,063
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.9
General Election 1886: Bolton (2 seats)[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Shepherd-Cross 7,780 27.5 +0.9
Conservative Francis Charles Bridgeman 7,668 27.2 +1.4
Liberal Joseph Crook Haslam 6,452 22.9 +0.3
Liberal Roger Charnock Richards 6,314 22.4 +1.4
Majority 1,216 4.3 +1.1
Turnout 14,167 88.2 -5.6
Registered electors 16,063
Conservative hold Swing +0.3
Conservative hold Swing +0.0

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: Bolton (2 seats)[27][30][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Shepherd-Cross 8,429 26.6 -0.9
Conservative Francis Charles Bridgeman 8,140 25.7 -1.5
Liberal Frank Taylor 7,575 23.9 +1.0
Liberal John Harwood 7,536 23.8 +1.4
Majority 565 1.8 -2.5
Turnout 89.6 +1.4
Registered electors 17,772
Conservative hold Swing -1.0
Conservative hold Swing -1.3
General Election 1895: Bolton (2 seats)[27][28][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Shepherd-Cross 8,594 31.0 +4.4
Liberal George Harwood 8,453 30.6 +6.7
Conservative Francis Charles Bridgeman 7,901 28.6 +2.9
Ind. Labour Party Frederick Brocklehurst 2,694 9.8 N/A
Turnout 92.1 +2.5
Registered electors 18,183
Majority 5,900 21.2 +19.4
Conservative hold Swing 1.2
Majority 552 2.0 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: Bolton (2 seats) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Shepherd-Cross Unopposed
Liberal George Harwood Unopposed
Conservative hold
Liberal hold
General Election 1906: Bolton (2 seats) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Harwood 10,953 39.0 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. Alfred Henry Gill 10,416 37.1 N/A
Conservative George Goschen 6,693 23.9 N/A
Majority 3,723 13.2 N/A
Turnout 91.5 N/A
Registered electors 20,388
Liberal hold
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: Bolton (2 seats) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Harwood 12,275 31.5 7.5
Labour Alfred Henry Gill 11,864 30.5 6.6
Conservative Miles Walker Mattinson 7,479 19.2 4.7
Conservative Percy Ashworth 7,326 18.8 N/A
Turnout 93.8 +2.3
Registered electors 21,341
Majority 4,796 12.3 2.8
Liberal hold Swing 0.5
Majority 4,385 11.3 1.9
Labour hold Swing 1.0
General Election December 1910: Bolton (2 seats) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Harwood 10,358 35.5 +4.0
Labour Alfred Henry Gill 10,108 34.7 +4.2
Conservative George Hesketh 8,697 29.8 8.2
Turnout 89.3 4.5
Registered electors 21,341
Majority 1,661 5.7 6.6
Liberal hold Swing +6.1
Majority 1,411 4.9 6.4
Labour hold Swing +6.2

Harwood's death causes a by-election.

Bolton by-election, 1912 (1 seat) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Taylor 10,011 53.1 N/A
Unionist Arthur Brooks 8,835 46.9 N/A
Majority 1,176 6.2 N/A
Turnout 18,846 88.9 -0.4
Registered electors 21,195
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Gill's death caused a by-election.

Bolton by-election, 1914 (1 seat) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Tootill Unopposed
Labour hold

Taylor's resignation causes a by-election.

Bolton by-election, 1916 (1 seat) [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edge Unopposed
Liberal hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Bolton (2 seats) [33][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal William Edge Unopposed
Labour Robert Tootill Unopposed
Liberal hold
Labour hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1922: Bolton (2 seats) [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Russell 37,491 29.3 n/a
National Liberal William Edge 31,015 24.3 n/a
Labour Samuel Lomax 20,559 16.1 n/a
Labour William James Abraham 20,156 15.8 n/a
Liberal Isaac Edwards 18,534 14.5 n/a
Turnout 75.7 n/a
Registered electors 84,342
Majority 16,932 13.2 n/a
Unionist gain from Labour Swing n/a
Majority 10,456 8.2 n/a
National Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Bolton (2 seats) [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Law 25,133 18.6 +2.5
Unionist Joseph Herbert Cunliffe 22,833 16.9 12.4
Unionist Cecil Hilton 22,640 16.8 n/a
Liberal William Edge 22,173 16.5 7.8
Labour Fleming Eccles 21,045 15.6 0.2
Liberal John Fletcher Steele 21,040 15.6 +1.1
Turnout 78.8 +3.1
Registered electors 85,613
Majority 2,493 1.8 n/a
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +5.2
Majority 660 0.4 12.8
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Bolton (2 seats) [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Joseph Herbert Cunliffe 34,690 23.7 +6.8
Unionist Cecil Hilton 33,405 22.8 +6.0
Labour Albert Law 30,632 20.9 +2.3
Labour William Harold Hutchinson 28,918 19.8 +4.2
Liberal J. P. Taylor 10,036 6.9 9.6
Liberal Alfred Ernest Holt 8,558 5.9 9.7
Turnout 84.7 +5.9
Registered electors 86,366
Majority 2,773 1.9 +1.5
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +2.3
Unionist hold Swing +1.9
General Election 1929: Bolton (2 seats) [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Law 43,520 24.0 +3.1
Labour Michael Brothers 37,888 20.9 +1.1
Unionist Cyril Entwistle 36,667 20.3 3.4
Unionist Cecil Hilton 35,850 19.8 3.0
Liberal Patrick Redmond Barry 27,074 15.0 +2.2
Turnout 75.1 9.6
Registered electors 120,463
Majority 1,221 0.7 n/a
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +3.3
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +2.1

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: Bolton (2 seats) [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Entwistle 66,385 33.94
Conservative John Haslam 63,402 32.42
Labour Albert Law 33,736 17.25
Labour Michael Brothers 32,049 16.39
Turnout 79.56
Majority
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Majority
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Bolton (2 seats) [36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cyril Entwistle 54,129 29.05
Conservative John Haslam 52,465 28.15
Labour Albert Law 39,890 21.41
Labour John Lynch 39,871 21.40
Turnout 75.07
Majority
Conservative hold Swing
Majority
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

However, in the by-election held in 1940 no other parties contested the seat due to the War-time electoral pact meaning that the Conservative candidate Edward Cadogan was elected unopposed.

General Election 1945: Bolton (2 seats) [37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Jones 44,595 23.99
Labour John Lewis 43,266 23.28
Conservative John Reynolds 31,217 16.79
Conservative Cyril Entwistle 30,911 16.63
Liberal Robert Kewley Spedding 18,180 9.78 n/a
Liberal Brian Reginald Connell 17,710 9.53 n/a
Turnout 77.2
Majority
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Majority 12,049 6.65
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

References

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