Bogatić

Bogatić
Bogatic
Village and municipality
Bogatić

Coat of arms

Location of the town of Bogatić within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°50′N 19°29′E / 44.833°N 19.483°E / 44.833; 19.483Coordinates: 44°50′N 19°29′E / 44.833°N 19.483°E / 44.833; 19.483
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Mačva
Settlements 14
Government
  Mayor Nenad Beserovac (SPS)
Area[1]
  Village 47.82 km2 (18.46 sq mi)
  Municipality 384 km2 (148 sq mi)
Elevation 81 m (266 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
  Municipality 28,843
  Municipality density 75/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 15350
Area code +381(0)15
Car plates
Website www.bogatic.rs

Bogatić (Serbian Cyrillic: Богатић, pronounced [bǒɡatitɕ]) is a village and municipality located in the Mačva District of western Serbia. As of 2011 census, it has 28,843 residents.

History

The area containing Bogatić was inhabited with evidence of traces of objects from the Starčevo culture present throughout the area dated around 5000 B.C. Traces of objects from the Vinča culture dated around 3800 B.C. to 3000 B.C. were found in the area as well.[3]

The area was settled by the Scordisci, who were responsible for founding the city of Singidon (present-day Belgrade). During Roman rule, many settlements have been founded in the area, as evidenced by fragments of bricks and roof tiles found dating from that era.

The name of the town, Bogatić, was first mentioned during Habsburg rule in Serbia from 1718 to 1739, with 44 families living in the town. Among 75 settlements recorded in the Mačva at that time, Bogatić had the largest population. During the first Serbian uprising, Bogatić was the administrative center in Mačva. In 1818, the census recorded 201 houses in the village.

During the rule of Prince Milos, administrative reforms were enacted throughout Mačva. An urban road complex and significant urban planning were implemented.

Bogotic suffered significant population decline as a result of the Balkan Wars. In 1914, during World War I, Austro-Hungarian soldiers entered the village, committing massacres against the civilian population. The village and its surroundings were stages of fierce battles. The city was liberated several times during the war. In 1924, it was declared a municipality.

During World War II, the village was occupied by Nazi Germany. In mid-July 1941, a partisan detachment sought to liberate the village and nearby cities and towns was formed. In August 7 of the same year, which was market day, the detachment attacked and occupied the village. Three peasant wagons loaded with weapons and ammunition were sent into the village accompanied by partisans disguised as peasants. When they arrived, the partisans immediately seized the hidden weapons and shocked the local patrol, who surrendered without resistance. Bogatić was soon liberated and all political prisoners were released from prison. Immediately after the liberation, an assembly was held in the town center wherein the detachment commander spoke. After the assembly, many villagers volunteered as partisans.

The liberation constituted a major political success for the partisans, as news of the liberation emboldened the partisans in Mačva and in occupied Serbia, and it made the village one of the centers of the revolution. A monument was erected downtown, signifying the liberation of the town from Nazi control and in honor of the partisans who participated in the liberation.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194835,560    
195337,492+1.06%
196137,141−0.12%
197135,882−0.34%
198135,256−0.18%
199134,438−0.23%
200232,990−0.39%
201128,843−1.48%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census, the municipality had a population of 28,843 inhabitants.

Within the town, 5,910 adults were recorded. The average age among residents is 40.0 years (38.6 for men and 41.4 for women). The town has 2,289 households and average number of members per household is 3.21.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[5]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs27,517
Romani514
Croats33
Yugoslavs27
Muslims18
Macedonians11
Ukrainians11
Others712
Total28,843

Geography

Bogatić is located in the western part of Serbia. The nearest large settlement is Šabac, Mačva's administrative center, located 24.5 kilometers to the east. Its distance from the capital, Belgrade, is 99.7 kilometers.

Bogatić is located along the northwestern part of the fertile and rich lands in Mačva. Two rivers flow through the town: the Drina from the west and the Sava from the north. Bogatić holds large amounts of groundwater underneath. The population heavily relies on their water supply from underground sources. A river network gravitates towards the town via the Sava, giving it the appearance of a fan with a knot when seen at Šabac. The climate in Bogatić is warm and temperate, classified as Cfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average temperature is 11.5 °C and precipitation averages 704 mm annually.[6]

Bogatić is rich in geothermal springs and by the end of 2018, it should become the first town in Serbia which will use geothermal energy for district heating. The hot water (36 to 80 °C (97 to 176 °F)) was discovered in the early 1980s. Geothermal well BB1, one of 8 dug so far, will be used. It has the capacity of 25 l/s (330 imp gal/min) of hot water (75 °C (167 °F)), producing the energy equal to 63 tons of liquid fuel per day. The well is located almost in downtown, only 1.5 km (0.93 mi) from the objects that will be heated, which additionally lowers the cost of the project. For now, the heating system will include pre-schools, elementary schools, high schools, municipal and judicial buildings, communal companies and police. The pipes will be laid in the ringed system, needed to cool the water down to 55 °C (131 °F), but it will also allow for the future addition of other objects to the heating grid. The studies are still being conducted and the industrial complex, polyhouses and newer, energy efficient buildings might be added in the future.[7] The final phase of the construction started on 16 July 2018.[8]

Tourism

There are three churches in and around Bogatić which are declared cultural monuments. The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin is one of the oldest in the region and is considered, in terms of architecture, as one of the most beautiful. There is also a Church of the Holly Apostles Peter and Paul in the village of Glogovac and Church of the Feast of the Ascension in the village of Dublje. There is also the Ivanje monastery, dedicated to the prophet Elijah, which also serves as the sanatorium for people battling the addictions. The monastery was built in 1983. Bogatić has hot thermal springs, with the water being heated up to 70 °C (158 °F). It is used for the thermal spa center "Termalna rivijera", though the water is being first cooled down.[9]

The surrounding area is known for the village tourism. An area along the bank of the Drina in the village of Crna Bara, named "Vasin Šib", was developed into the weekend-settlement. It has a hotel, motel, several restaurants and bungalows. Several sports fields are also built.[9]

In the village of Sovljak, there is an ethno-park "Sovljak" in the typical architectural style of the area. The houses were built in the 1920s and the entire yard, sort of an outdoor museum, covers 2 ha (4.9 acres). There is a lime tree in the yard, planted in the 1910s. One of the attractions in the village is an old style village house called osećanka, built in the late 19th century. The central room in the house is turned into a museum, and it makes one unit with the surrounding vajat (wooden summer house), barn, pergola and the outdoor masonry oven. The house used to have a sundial. Today, the village hosts a local exhibition of naïve art. The village is also the setting of the August festivities of "Hajduk evenings" with the traditional ceremony of the "Mačva wedding" and the competition for the Harambaša.[9]

See also

References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. "Opština Bogatić: Upoznajte Bogatić".
  4. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  5. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  6. "Bogatic climate: Average Temperatures, weather by month, Bogatic weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  7. Slavica Stuparušić (6 February 2018). "Geotermalne vode grejaće Bogatić" [Bogatić will be heated by geothermal waters]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 07.
  8. "У Богатићу од јесени грејање из дубине ѕемље" [From the fall, the heating in Bogatić will come from the depth]. Politika (in Serbian). 17 July 2018. p. 11.
  9. 1 2 3 Aleksandra Kurteš (2 July 2017), "Najstarije selo u Mačvi", Politika-Magazin No. 1031 (in Serbian), pp. 26–27
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