Bilabial ejective

Bilabial ejective
IPA number 101 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal) pʼ
Unicode (hex) U+0070U+02BC
X-SAMPA p_>
Kirshenbaum p`
Braille
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The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .

Features

Features of the bilabial ejective:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.

Occurrence

In addition to the languages listed below, this sound is also common in Ethiopian Semitic languages.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe пӏакӏэ  [pʼaːt͡ʃʼa]  'thin'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] պոչ [pʼotʃʰ] 'tail' Corresponds to tenuis [p⁼] in other Eastern dialects
Chechen пӏелг [pʼelɡ] 'finger'
Ganza[2]:95 [pʼá̰bḭ́] ‘gathering’
Georgian აემანი [ˈpʼaɜmɑni] 'meeting, date'
Hadza bbu [ɦuːpʼu] 'to lift something heavy' (mimetic)
Haida ttappad [tʼapʼat] 'to break' (mimetic)
Kabardian цӏапӏэ  [t͡sʼaːpʼa]  'mean'
Nez Perce p’íłin [ˈpʼiɬin] 'hole'
Ossetian Iron пъовыр [ˈpʼovɪ̈r] 'cook'
Quechua p’acha [pʼat͡ʃa] 'clothes'
Ubykh [saakʲʼawəpʼtsʼaj] 'what is your name?' See Ubykh phonology

See also

References

  1. Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. Smolders, Joshua (2016). "A Phonology of Ganza" (pdf). Linguistic Discovery. 14 (1): 86–144. doi:10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.470. Retrieved 2017-01-16.

Bibliography

  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company 
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