Big Ten Conference

Big Ten Conference
Established 1896
Association NCAA
Division Division I
Subdivision FBS
Members 14 + 2 affiliate members
Sports fielded
  • 28
    • men's: 14
    • women's: 14
Former names Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives
(officially, 1896–1987)
Western Conference
Big Nine
(1899–1917, 1946–1949)
Headquarters Rosemont, Illinois
Commissioner Jim Delany (since 1989)

The Big Ten Conference (B1G), formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. Despite its name, the conference consists of 14 members (as of 2018). They compete in the NCAA Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. The conference includes the flagship public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska, as well as two additional public land grant schools and a private university.

The Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H. Smart and representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Northwestern University, and University of Wisconsin gathered at Chicago's Palmer House Hotel to set policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics. In 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives".[1]

Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities with large financial endowments and strong academic reputations. Large student enrollment is also a hallmark of Big Ten Universities, as 12 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 30,000 or more students. Northwestern University, one of just two full members with a total enrollment of fewer than 30,000 students (the other is the University of Nebraska–Lincoln), is the lone private university among Big Ten membership (the University of Chicago, a private university, left the conference in 1946). Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni.[2] Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year.[3] Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century as an assemblage of universities located primarily in the Midwest, the conference's geographic footprint now stretches east to the Atlantic Ocean.

Big Ten universities are also members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, an academic consortium. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures.[4] Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten has grown to fourteen members, with the following universities accepting invitations to join: Pennsylvania State University in 1990, the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011, and both the University of Maryland and Rutgers University in 2014. Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in men's lacrosse, and in 2015, it was also accepted as an associate member in women's lacrosse. Notre Dame has joined the Big Ten on July 1, 2017 as an associate member in men's ice hockey.[5]

Member schools


East Division
Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana 1820 1899[fm 1] Public 43,710 Hoosiers          
University of Maryland College Park, Maryland 1856 2014 38,140 Terrapins                    
University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 1817 1896[fm 2] 43,625 Wolverines          
Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan 1855 1950[fm 3] 50,085 Spartans          
Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio 1870 1912 58,322 Buckeyes          
Pennsylvania State University State College, Pennsylvania 1855 1990[fm 4] 45,518 Nittany Lions          
Rutgers University–New Brunswick New BrunswickPiscataway,
New Jersey
1766 2014 40,720 Scarlet Knights     
West Division
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Illinois 1867 1896 Public 43,603 Fighting Illini          
University of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa 1847 1899[fm 5] 33,334[6] Hawkeyes          
University of Minnesota Minneapolis, Minnesota 1851 1896 51,147 Golden Gophers          
University of Nebraska Lincoln, Nebraska 1869 2011 25,260 Cornhuskers          
Northwestern University Evanston, Illinois 1851 1896 Private, non-sectarian 21,000 Wildcats          
Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana 1869 1896 Public 39,464 Boilermakers          
University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin 1848 1896 49,193 Badgers          
  1. Athletic teams joined in 1900
  2. Athletic teams were inactive from 1907 to 1917
  3. Athletic teams joined in 1953
  4. Athletic teams joined in 1991
  5. Athletic teams joined in 1900

Associate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsSport(s)Primary Conference
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Maryland 1876 2014 Private 20,871[7] Blue Jays Columbia blue, Black
Men's and Women's lacrosse[am 1] Centennial
(NCAA Division III)
University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, Indiana 1842 2017 PrivateCatholic 11,773 Fighting Irish           Men's ice hockey ACC
  1. On July 1, 2014, Johns Hopkins University joined the conference as an associate member in men's lacrosse. On July 1, 2016, the school also became an associate member in women's lacrosse.

Former member

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsCurrent Conference
University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois 1890 1896 1946 Private 5,027 Maroons           University Athletic Association
(NCAA Division III)

Membership timeline

Full members Full members (non-football) Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference


The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 men's and 14 women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[8]

Teams in Big Ten Conference competition
Cross country
Field hockey
Ice hockey
Swimming & diving
Track and field (indoor)
Track and field (outdoor)

Men's sponsored sports by school

SchoolBase­ballBasket­ballCross countryFootballGolfGym­nasticsIce hockeyLac­rosseSoccerSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack & Field
Track & Field
Michigan State12
Ohio State14
Penn State14


* Notre Dame joined the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in men's ice hockey.[9] It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent.

° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse, with women's lacrosse to follow in 2016. It continues to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference[10]

Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools:

SchoolFencing1Lightweight Rowing2Pistol3Rifle4Rowing2Volleyball
Ohio StateIndependentNoIndependentPRCNoMIVA
Penn StateIndependentNoNoNoNoEIVA


1: Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams.

2: Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Men's Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008, but remains a member of the EARC.

3: Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.

4: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team.

Women's sponsored sports by school

SchoolBasket­ballCross countryField hockeyGolfGym­nasticsLacrosseRowingSoccerSoftballSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack & Field
Track & Field
Michigan State13
Ohio State14
Penn State13
Totals1414914107[c 1]814141314131314176

Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools:

SchoolBowlingFencing[c 2]Ice HockeyLightweight Rowing[c 3]Pistol[c 4]Rifle[c 5]Synchronized Swimming[c 6]Water PoloBeach Volleyball
Ohio StateNoIndependentWCHANoIndependentPRCIndependentNoNo
Penn StateNoIndependentCHANoNoNoNoNoNo
  1. Associate member: Johns Hopkins
  2. Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams, while Northwestern fields only a women's team.
  3. The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. Women's lightweight rowing, as with all men's rowing, is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
  4. Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.
  5. Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Nebraska fields a women-only team, and Ohio State fields a coed team.
  6. Synchronized swimming is not governed by the NCAA. Collegiate competition is governed by United States Synchronized Swimming, the sport's national governing body.


Initiated and led by Purdue University President James Henry Smart,[1] the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.[11] The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.[12] Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Chicago, Purdue, and Northwestern.

The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,[13] but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules.[14] Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in February 1917, when Michigan sought to rejoin the conference after a nine-year absence.[15]

The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. Chicago discontinued its football program in 1939[16] and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to obtain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Iowa State, Marquette, Michigan State, Nebraska, Notre Dame, and Pittsburgh would replace Chicago at the time.[17] On May 20, 1949,[12] Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years. The conference's official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation.

1990 expansion: Penn State

In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams and extended an invitation to Atlantic 10 member and football independent Pennsylvania State University, which accepted it.[18] When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.

Missouri showed interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.[19] Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri and Rutgers or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two football divisions.[20] These talks died when the Big Eight Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.

Following the addition of Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, at that time the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. Early in the 20th century, Notre Dame briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to retain its independent status.[21] However, in 1999, Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although Notre Dame's faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near-unanimous vote, the school's board of trustees decided against joining the conference. Notre Dame subsequently joined the Atlantic Coast Conference in all sports except football, in which Notre Dame maintains its independent status as long as it plays at least five games per season against ACC opponents. This was believed to be the major stumbling block to Notre Dame joining the Big Ten, as Notre Dame wanted to retain its independent home game broadcasting contract with NBC Sports, while the Big Ten insisted upon a full membership with no special exemptions.

2010–2014 expansion: Nebraska, Maryland, Rutgers

In December 2009, Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–2014 NCAA conference realignment.[22] On June 11, 2010, the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.[23] The conference retained the name "Big Ten." This briefly led to the interesting and ironic result of the Big Ten consisting of twelve teams, and the Big 12 consisting of ten teams (with fellow former Big 12 member Colorado's move to the Pac-12 Conference).

Legends and Leaders divisions

On September 1, 2010, Delany revealed the conference's football divisional split, but noted that the division names would be announced later. Those division names, as well as the conference's new logo, were made public on December 13, 2010. For their new logo, the conference replaced the "hidden 11" logo with one that uses the "B1G" character combination in its branding. Delany did not comment on the logo that day, but it was immediately evident that the new logo would "allow fans to see 'BIG' and '10' in a single word."[24]

For the new football division names, the Big Ten was unable to use geographic names, as used by the SEC, because they had rejected a geographic arrangement. Delany announced that the new divisions would be known as the "Legends Division" and "Leaders Division". In the Legends division were Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota, Nebraska and Northwestern. The Leaders division was composed of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio State, Penn State, Purdue and Wisconsin. Conference officials stated they had focused on creating competitive fairness rather than splitting by geographical location.[25] However, the new "Legends" and "Leaders" names were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions.[26]

For the football season, each team played the others in its division, one "cross-over" rivalry game, and two rotating cross-divisional games. At the end of the regular season the two division winners met in a new Big Ten Football Championship Game.[27] The Legends and Leaders divisional alignment was in effect for the 2011, 2012, and 2013 football seasons.

West and East divisions

On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014.[28] The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day.[29] One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school.[30]

On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a football divisional realignment that went into effect when Maryland and Rutgers joined in 2014.[31] Under the new plan, the Legends and Leaders divisions were replaced with geographic divisions.[31] The West Division includes Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Northwestern, Purdue and Wisconsin (of which all but Purdue are in the Central Time Zone), while the East Division includes Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Ohio State, Penn State and Rutgers. The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its West Lafayette campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington.[32] In the current divisional alignment, the only protected cross-divisional rivalry game in football is Indiana–Purdue.[31] As before, the two division winners play each other in the Big Ten Football Championship Game.

On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. For any conference to qualify for an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament, at least six member schools must play the sport. In women's lacrosse, the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the Big Ten brought the conference up to the requisite six participants, joining programs at Michigan, Northwestern, Ohio State and Penn State.[33] In men's lacrosse, Ohio State and Penn State were the only existing participants. Coincident with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers, Michigan agreed to upgrade its successful club team to varsity status, giving the Big Ten five sponsoring schools, one short of the minimum six for an automatic bid. Johns Hopkins University opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships.[34] As long-time independents joined conferences (for example, Syracuse joining the Atlantic Coast Conference), other schools competing as independents in some cases concluded that the inability to earn an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament was becoming a more serious competitive disadvantage in scheduling and recruiting.

On March 23, 2016, the Big Ten Conference and Notre Dame announced the Fighting Irish would become a men's ice hockey affiliate beginning with the 2017–18 season.[35] Notre Dame had been a member of Hockey East, and the move saves travel time and renews rivalries with former CCHA and WCHA members.

In 2012, the conference announced it would move its headquarters from its location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont by the end of 2013. The new office building is situated within Rosemont's MB Financial Entertainment District, alongside Interstate 294. The move into the building was finalized on October 14, 2013.[36][37][38]


The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics."[11]

Name Years Notes
John L. Griffith 1922–1944 died in office
Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson 1945–1961 retired
William R. Reed 1961–1971 died in office
Wayne Duke 1971–1989 retired
Jim Delany 1989–

With the exception of Nebraska, each Big Ten institution is a member of the American Association of Universities and is ranked in the US News & World Report top 100 and the Times Higher Education top 200.[39] Nebraska joined the AAU in 1909 but was removed in April 2011 when the AAU disallowed University of Nebraska Medical Center data points to be included in the AAU formula and began to decrease the weight given to agricultural research. Commissioner Jim Delany stated that Nebraska's removal from the AAU would have no bearing upon their Big Ten membership. Nebraska does, however, lead the NCAA with a record of 314 Academic All-Americans (followed by Notre Dame with 221).[40][41] Currently, no Division I conference is composed exclusively of AAU members. However, the University Athletic Association, a Division III conference is composed of entirely AAU members.

All Big Ten members are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance (BTAA), formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), an academic consortium which allows students at Big Ten institutions to take distance courses at other participating institutions.[42] Students at participating schools are also allowed "in-house" viewing privileges at other participating schools' libraries.[43] The BTAA also employs collective purchasing, which has saved member institutions $19 million to date.[44] The University of Chicago, a former Big Ten Conference member, was a member of the CIC from 1958 to June 29, 2016 (when it was renamed the Big Ten Academic Alliance).[45][46]

Schools ranked by revenue

The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Surplus (or deficit) is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.[47]

Institution 2015 Total Revenue
from Athletics[48]
2015 Total Expenses
on Athletics[48]
2015 Surplus/(Deficit) 2012 Average Spending
per student-athlete[49]
Ohio State University $167,166,065 $154,033,208 $13,152,857 $158,901
University of Michigan $152,477,026 $151,144,964 $1,332,062 $133,488
Pennsylvania State University $125,720,619 $122,271,407 $3,448,883 Not reported
University of Wisconsin–Madison $123,895,543 $118,691,112 $5,204,431 $116,487
University of Minnesota $111,162,265 $111,162,265 $0 $102,980
Michigan State University $108,687,274 $108,283,151 $404,123 $120,356
University of Iowa $105,969,545 $109,214,651 ($3,245,106) $154,592
University of Nebraska–Lincoln $102,157,399 $98,023,037 $4,134,362 $128,182
University of Maryland, College Park $92,686,128 $92,558,535 $127,593 $113,706
Indiana University Bloomington $88,362,421 $88,330,530 $31,891 $110,102
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign $85,998,659 $87,163,188 ($1,164,529) $154,719
Purdue University $75,637,694 $74,420,334 $1,217,360 $135,301
Rutgers University–New Brunswick $70,558,935 $70,558,935 $0 $104,638
Northwestern University Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported

Awards and honors

Big Ten Athlete of the Year

The Big Ten Athlete of the Year award is given annually to the athletes voted as the top male and female athlete in the Big Ten Conference.

Big Ten Medal of Honor

Big Ten Medal of Honor (annual; at each school; one male scholar-athlete and one female scholar-athlete)[50]

  • Big Ten Sportsmanship Award (annual; at each school; one male student-athlete and one female student-athlete)[51]

NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup Rankings

The NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup is an annual award given by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the U.S. colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics. Big Ten universities typically finish ranked in the top-50 of the final Directors' Cup annual rankings.

Institution 2017–18 2016–17 2015–16 2014–15 2013–14 2012–13 2011–12 2010–11 2009–10 2008–09 2007–08 2006–07 2005–06 13-yr Average
Illinois Fighting Illini 36 38 54 31 47 31 21 23 35 20 34 42 40 35
Indiana Hoosiers 52 47 41 61 36 32 38 28 43 55 39 50 38 43
Iowa Hawkeyes 51 52 62 44 78 65 48 43 55 45 50 68 53 55
Maryland Terrapins 50 49 59 33 32 44 27 17 28 28 52 40 27 37
Michigan Wolverines 5 4 3 19 13 4 10 15 25 5 3 4 24 10
Michigan State Spartans 48 50 53 34 29 30 34 42 39 27 29 34 46 38
Minnesota Golden Gophers 22 27 18 26 21 22 22 29 18 14 28 20 16 22
Nebraska Cornhuskers 31 38 27 39 23 24 40 33 17 31 31 27 19 29
Northwestern Wildcats 31 36 50 50 50 40 44 46 50 44 40 30 29 42
Ohio State Buckeyes 6 2 2 7 25 16 4 2 8 10 11 14 12 9
Penn State Nittany Lions 10 7 20 8 5 6 12 13 4 19 9 21 15 11
Purdue Boilermakers 41 41 45 60 48 42 47 49 54 38 35 35 35 44
Rutgers Scarlet Knights 103 113 83 104 91 120 111 158 96 92 126 54 76 102
Wisconsin Badgers 19 15 27 18 18 29 26 26 21 41 18 16 22 23

2017–18 Capital One Cup Standings

The Capital One Cup is an award given annually to the best men's and women's Division I college athletics programs in the United States. Points are earned throughout the year based on final standings of NCAA Championships and final coaches' poll rankings.

Institution Men's Ranking Women's Ranking
Illinois 53 NR
Indiana 15 74
Iowa 54 NR
Maryland 23 25
Michigan 8 27
Michigan State 48 49
Minnesota 54 49
Nebraska 67 4
Northwestern NR 36
Ohio State 4 30
Penn State 19 9
Purdue 69 74
Rutgers NR NR
Wisconsin 42 44

2016–17 CBS Sports Best in College Sports Rankings

The CBS Sports Best in College Sports award is weighed more heavily toward sports that generate fan and media interest. The poll rates five sports: football, men's basketball, women's basketball, baseball and a "wild card" sport. The wild-card spot is awarded to the most successful among schools' other spectator sports: softball, men's lacrosse, men's ice hockey, men's soccer, wrestling, volleyball, women's soccer or women's gymnastics. Women's basketball, baseball, and the "wild card" carry normal weight, with men's basketball double and football triple.

Institution Ranking
Illinois 68
Indiana 57
Iowa 43
Maryland 18
Michigan 9
Michigan State 52
Minnesota 30
Nebraska 48
Northwestern 24
Ohio State 10
Penn State 19
Purdue 34
Rutgers 92
Wisconsin 4

Conference records

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote[52]

NCAA national titles

Through July 1, 2018, per published NCAA summary,[53] with updates for the subsequent sports year.

Excluded from this list are all national championships earned outside the scope of NCAA competition, including Division I FBS football titles, women's AIAW championships (17), equestrian titles (0), and retroactive Helms Athletic Foundation titles.

Institution Total Men's Women's Co-ed Nickname Most successful sport (Titles)
Pennsylvania State University 50 26 11 13 Nittany Lions Fencing (14)
University of Michigan 36 34 2 0 Wolverines Men's swimming (12) (plus 7 unofficial titles)
Ohio State University 30 24 3 3 Buckeyes Men's swimming (11)
University of Maryland 29 7 22 0 Terrapins Women's lacrosse (13)
University of Wisconsin 28 22 6 0 Badgers Men's boxing (4) (plus 4 unofficial titles)
University of Iowa 25 24 1 0 Hawkeyes Men's wrestling (23)
Indiana University 24 24 0 0 Hoosiers Men's soccer (8)
Michigan State University 20 19 1 0 Spartans Men's cross country (8)
University of Minnesota 19 13 6 0 Golden Gophers Women's ice hockey (6)
University of Nebraska 19 8 11 0 Cornhuskers Men's gymnastics (8)
University of Illinois 18 18 0 0 Fighting Illini Men's gymnastics (10)
Johns Hopkins University 9 9 0 0 Blue Jays Men's lacrosse (9)
Northwestern University 8 1 7 0 Wildcats Women's lacrosse (7)
Purdue University 3 1 2 0 Boilermakers Men's golf (1), Women's golf (1), Women's basketball (1)
Rutgers University 1 1 0 0 Scarlet Knights Fencing (1)

See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships, List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships, and NCAA Division I FBS Conferences

Conference titles

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote[54]
Institution # of[55]
University of Chicago7 73
University of Illinois 252
Indiana University 175
University of Iowa 106
Johns Hopkins University1 1
University of Maryland2 16
University of Michigan 392
Michigan State University 96
University of Minnesota 167
University of Nebraska3 13
Northwestern University 75
University of Notre Dame4 1
Ohio State University 215
Pennsylvania State University5 78
Purdue University 73
Rutgers University6 0
University of Wisconsin 194

  1. ^ Johns Hopkins was added in 2014 as an associate member that competed in men's lacrosse only. Johns Hopkins also began competing as an associate member in women's lacrosse in the 2016–17 school year.
  2. ^ Maryland won 196 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), second most in ACC history.
  3. ^ Nebraska won 80 conference championships as a member of the Big 12 Conference, second most in Big 12 history. Nebraska also won 230 conference championships as a member of the Big Eight Conference, the most in Big 8 history.
  4. ^ Notre Dame was added in 2017 as an associate member that competed in men's ice hockey only.
  5. ^ Penn State won or shared 70 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference (1982–91) and earlier when it was known as the Eastern 8 Conference (1976–79).
  6. ^ Rutgers won six conference championships as a member of the Middle Three Conference, the Middle Atlantic Conference, the Atlantic 10 Conference, the original Big East Conference, and both of its offshoots, the current non-football Big East Conference and the American Athletic Conference.
  7. ^ Chicago won 73 conference championships as a member of the Big Ten from 1896–1946.

Current Champions

Fall 2017 Men's Cross CountryMichigan
Women's Cross CountryMichigan
Field HockeyMichiganMichigan
FootballOhio State
Men's SoccerMichiganWisconsin
Women's SoccerOhio StatePenn State
Women's VolleyballNebraska‡/Penn State
Winter 2017 - 18 Women's Swimming and DivingMichigan
Men's Indoor Track and FieldOhio State
Women's Indoor Track and FieldMinnesota
Men's Swimming and DivingIndiana
Women's BasketballOhio StateOhio State
WrestlingPenn State‡Ohio State
Men's BasketballMichigan StateMichigan
Men's Ice HockeyNotre DameNotre Dame
Women's GymnasticsMichiganMichigan
Men's GymnasticsIllinois
Spring 2018 Women's TennisNorthwesternMichigan
Men's TennisOhio StateOhio State
Women's GolfMichigan State
Men's GolfIllinois
Women's LacrosseMarylandMaryland
Men's LacrosseMarylandJohns Hopkins
Men's Outdoor Track and FieldOhio State
Women's Outdoor Track and FieldMinnesota
Women's RowingOhio State

‡ Denotes national champion


When Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014, the division names were changed to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six Eastern Time Zone schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game is Indiana–Purdue. Beginning in 2016, the Big Ten adopted a nine-game conference schedule.[32][56] All teams have one protected cross-division opponent they play annually that changes every six years except for Indiana and Purdue, and the other six opponents are played every three years during that cycle. For 2016-2021, the pairings are Maryland-Minnesota, Michigan-Wisconsin, Michigan State-Northwestern, Ohio State-Nebraska, Penn State-Iowa, and Rutgers-Illinois, and for 2022-2027 the pairings are Maryland-Northwestern, Michigan-Nebraska, Michigan State-Minnesota, Ohio State-Wisconsin, Penn State-Illinois, and Rutgers-Iowa.[57] Also since 2016, the Big Ten no longer allows its members to play Football Championship Subdivision teams, and also requires at least one non-conference game against a school in the Power Five conferences (ACC, Big 12, Pac-12, SEC). At the time this policy was first announced, games against FBS independents Notre Dame and BYU would automatically count toward the Power Five requirement.[58] Additionally, Big Ten teams that were already under contract to play teams in the "Group of Five" leagues (American, C-USA, MAC, MW, Sun Belt) were allowed to honor those contracts. As of 2015, three Big Ten members had American member Cincinnati on their future schedules, one had fellow American member Connecticut on its future schedule; and one had future games scheduled against both. ESPN, citing a Big Ten executive, reported in 2015 that the Big Ten would allow exceptions to the Power Five rule on a case-by-case basis, and also that the other FBS independent at that time, Army, had been added to the list of non-Power Five schools that would automatically be counted as Power Five opponents.[59]

West DivisionEast Division
MinnesotaMichigan State
NebraskaOhio State
NorthwesternPenn State

* The Indiana–Purdue game is the only protected game between the East and West divisions (all other matchups between East and West occur on a rotating basis).

All-time school records

This list goes through the 2017 regular season.

Big Ten
Claimed National
2Ohio State898–324–53.7256368
4Penn State878–387–42.688242
5Michigan State694–453–44.601396

† Numbers of championships shown reflect Big Ten history only and do not include division and conference championships in former conferences. Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014. Nebraska joined in 2011

Big Ten Conference Champions

Bowl games

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics.

It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.

Starting in the 2014–15 season, a new slate of bowl game selections will include several new bowl games.[60]

Pick Name Location Opposing
Opposing Pick
1 Rose Bowl* Pasadena, California Pac-12 1
2/3/4 or 2 Citrus Bowl or Orange Bowl^ Orlando, Florida or Miami Gardens, Florida SEC or ACC 2 or 1
2/3/4 Outback Bowl Tampa, Florida SEC 4/5/6/7
2/3/4 Holiday Bowl[61] San Diego Pac-12 3
5/6/7 Music City Bowl or TaxSlayer Bowl[62] Nashville, Tennessee or Jacksonville, Florida SEC 4/5/6/7
5/6/7 Foster Farms Bowl[63] Santa Clara, California Pac-12 4
5/6/7 Pinstripe Bowl[64] New York City ACC 3/4/5/6
8/9 Quick Lane Bowl[65] Detroit ACC 7/8/9
8/9 Heart of Dallas Bowl or Armed Forces Bowl[61] Dallas or Fort Worth, Texas C–USA

* If the conference champion is picked for the College Football Playoff in years the Rose Bowl does not host a semifinal, the next highest ranked team in the committee rankings, or runner up, shall take its place at the Rose Bowl.

^ The Big Ten, along with the SEC, will be eligible to face the ACC representative in the Orange Bowl at least three out of the eight seasons that it does not host a semifinal for the Playoff over a 12-year span. Notre Dame will be chosen the other two years if eligible.

† The Big Ten and ACC will switch between the Music City and TaxSlayer bowls on alternating years.

‡ The Big Ten and Big 12 will switch between the Heart of Dallas and Armed Forces bowls on alternating years.

Bowl selection procedures

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the win-loss records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after CFP selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.

For all non-College Football Playoff partners, the bowl partner will request a Big Ten team. The Big Ten will approve or assign another team based on internal selection parameters.

When not hosting a semifinal, the Capital One Orange Bowl will select the highest-ranked team from the Big Ten, SEC or Notre Dame to face an ACC opponent. The Big Ten Champion cannot play in the Orange Bowl. If a Big Ten team is not selected by the Orange Bowl, the Citrus Bowl will submit a request for a Big Ten team.

The Outback, Foster Farms and Holiday Bowls will feature at least five different Big Ten schools over the six-year agreement (through 2019 season). The Music City and Taxslayer Bowl will coordinate their selections allowing only one to pick a Big Ten team. The Big Ten will make appearances in three of each bowl games over the term of the agreement (through 2019 season).

The New Era Pinstripe Bowl will feature a minimum of six different Big Ten teams over the eight-year agreement (through 2021 season).

The Quick Lane, Armed Forces and Heart of Dallas Bowls will select a bowl-eligible Big Ten team, subject to conference approval. [66]

Head coach compensation

The total pay of head coaches includes university and non-university compensation. This includes base salary, income from contracts, foundation supplements, bonuses and media and radio pay.[67]

Two Big Ten member schools—Northwestern, a private institution, and Penn State, exempt from most open records laws due to its status as what Pennsylvania calls a "state-related" institution—are not obligated to provide salary information for their head coaches, but choose to do so.

Conf. Rank Institution Head Coach 2016 Total Pay[68]
1 University of Michigan Jim Harbaugh $9,004,000
2 Ohio State University Urban Meyer $6,094,800
3 University of Nebraska–Lincoln Scott Frost $5,000,000
4 Pennsylvania State University James Franklin $4,500,000
5 University of Iowa Kirk Ferentz $4,500,000
6 Michigan State University Mark Dantonio $4,300,000
7 University of Minnesota PJ Fleck $3,500,000
8 Northwestern University Pat Fitzgerald $3,350,638
9 Purdue University Jeff Brohm $3,300,000
10 University of Wisconsin–Madison Paul Chryst $2,706,200
11 University of Maryland, College Park DJ Durkin $2,412,000
12 Rutgers University–New Brunswick Chris Ash $2,000,000
13 Indiana University Bloomington Tom Allen $1,830,000
14 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Lovie Smith $1,809,179

Marching bands

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of fourteen member schools have won the Sudler Trophy,[69] generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.[70] The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands—Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).[69] The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.[69]

Conference individual honors

Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.

Men's basketball

The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978.[71] It has been a national powerhouse in men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each. Maryland, which joined the Big Ten in 2014, won one NCAA championship as a member of the ACC.[72][73] Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941).

Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have made it to the championship game, winning nine championships. Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Minnesota have won two NIT championships, while Indiana and Purdue have won one each. Two other current members, Maryland and Nebraska, won NIT titles before they joined the Big Ten. In addition, the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Illinois as the 1915 National Champions, Minnesota as the 1902 and 1919 National Champions, Northwestern as the 1931 National Champion, Purdue as the 1932 National Champions, and Wisconsin as 1912, 1914 and 1916 National Champions. Former member Chicago won a post-season national championship series in 1908.

Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds an 11–5–2 record against the Big Ten; Minnesota, Nebraska, Penn State, Purdue, and Wisconsin are the only Big Ten schools without losing records in the challenge.

All-time school records

This list goes through the 2017–18 season listed by most victories in NCAA Division I men's college basketball

#Big TenOverall recordPct.Big Ten
Big Ten
Regular Season
NCAA National
4Ohio State1607–1030.6094†201
5Michigan State1606–1059.6035142
12Penn State1405–1122–1.556000

† Michigan and Ohio State vacated their 1998 and 2002 Big Ten Tournament Championships, respectively, due to NCAA sanctions.

National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances

Current Big Ten Conference basketball programs have combined to win 11 NCAA men's basketball championships. Indiana has won five, Michigan State has won two, while Maryland, Michigan, Ohio State and Wisconsin have won one national championship each. 11 of the 14 current conference members have advanced to the Final Four at least once in their history. Nine Big Ten schools (Indiana, Michigan State, Illinois, Purdue, Ohio State, Maryland, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin) are among the national top-50 in all-time NCAA tournament appearances.

School Men's NCAA Championships Men's NCAA
Final Fours
Men's NCAA
Elite Eights
Men's NCAA
Sweet Sixteens
Men's NCAA Tournament Appearances
Illinois 5
(1949, 1951–52, 1989, 2005)
(1942, 1949, 1951–52, 1963, 1984, 1989, 2001, 2005)
(1951–52, 1963, 1981, 1984–85, 1989, 2001–02, 2004–05)
(1942, 1949, 1951–52, 1963, 1981, 1983–90, 1993–95, 1997–98, 2000–09, 2011, 2013)
Indiana 5
(1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987)
(1940, 1953, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1987, 1992, 2002)
(1940, 1953, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1992, 1993, 2002)
(1953–54, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975–76, 1978, 1980–81, 1983–84, 1987, 1989, 1991–94, 2002, 2012–13, 2016)
(1940, 1953–54, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975–76, 1978, 1980–84, 1986–2003, 2006–08, 2012–13, 2015–16)
Iowa 3
(1955–56, 1980)
(1955–56, 1980, 1987)
(1955–56, 1970, 1980, 1983, 1987–88, 1999)
(1955–56, 1970, 1979–83, 1985–89, 1991–93, 1996–97, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2014–16)
Maryland 1
(2001, 2002)
(1958, 1973, 1975, 2001, 2002)
(1958, 1973, 1975, 1980, 1984–85, 1994–95, 1998–99, 2001–03, 2016)
(1958, 1973, 1975, 1980–81, 1983–86, 1994–2004, 2007, 2009–10, 2015–17)
Michigan 1
(1964–65, 1976, 1989, 2013, 2018)
(1948, 1964–66, 1974, 1976–77, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2013–14, 2018)
(1964–66, 1974, 1976–77, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2013–14, 2017-18)
(1948, 1964–66, 1974–77, 1985–90, 1992, 1994, 1995, 2009, 2011–14, 2016–18)
Michigan State 2
(1979, 2000)
(1957, 1979, 1999–01, 2005, 2009–10, 2015)
(1957, 1959, 1978–79, 1999–01, 2003, 2005, 2009–10, 2014–15)
(1957, 1959, 1978–79, 1986, 1990, 1998–2001, 2003, 2005, 2008–10, 2012–15)
(1957, 1959, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1990–92, 1994–95, 1998–2018)
Minnesota 1
(1982, 1989, 1990)
(1972, 1982, 1989, 1990, 2005, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2017)
Nebraska 7
(1986, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2014)
Northwestern 1
Ohio State 1
(1939, 1944–46, 1960, 1961–62, 1968, 2007, 2012)
(1939, 1944–46, 1950, 1960–62, 1968, 1971, 1992, 2007, 2012–13)
(1960–62, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1983, 1991–92, 2007, 2010–13)
(1939, 1944–46, 1950, 1960–62, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1982–83, 1985, 1987, 1990–92, 2006–07, 2009–15, 2018)
Penn State 1
(1942, 1954)
(1952, 1954–55, 2001)
(1942, 1952, 1954–55, 1965, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2011)
Purdue 2
(1969, 1980)
(1969, 1980, 1994, 2000)
(1969, 1980, 1988, 1994, 1998–99, 2000, 2009–10, 2017–18)
(1969, 1977, 1980, 1983–88, 1990–91, 1993–95, 1997–2000, 2003, 2007–12, 2015–18)
Rutgers 1
(1976, 1979)
(1975–76, 1979, 1983, 1989, 1991)
Wisconsin 1
(1941, 2000, 2014, 2015)
(1941, 1947, 2000, 2005, 2014, 2015)
(2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017)
(1941, 1947, 1994, 1997, 1999–2017)

Seasons are listed by the calendar years in which they ended. Italics indicate honors earned before the school competed in the Big Ten.

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations

† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.

Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
1939 Oregon46 Ohio State33 Patten GymnasiumEvanston, Illinois
1940 Indiana60 Kansas42 Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri
1941 Wisconsin39 Washington State34 Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (2)
1953 Indiana (2)69 Kansas68 Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (4)
1956 San Francisco (2)83 Iowa71 McGaw HallEvanston, Illinois (2)
1960 Ohio State75 California55 Cow PalaceDaly City, California
1961 Cincinnati70 Ohio State65 Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (8)
1962 Cincinnati (2)71 Ohio State59 Freedom HallLouisville, Kentucky (3)
1965 UCLA (2)91 Michigan80 Memorial ColiseumPortland, Oregon
1969 UCLA (5)92 Purdue72 Freedom HallLouisville, Kentucky (6)
1976 Indiana (3)86 Michigan68 The SpectrumPhiladelphia
1979 Michigan State75 Indiana State64 Special Events CenterSalt Lake City
1981 Indiana (4)63 North Carolina50 SpectrumPhiladelphia (2)
1987 Indiana (5)74 Syracuse73 Louisiana SuperdomeNew Orleans (2)
1989 Michigan80 Seton Hall79 KingdomeSeattle (4)
1992 Duke (2)71 Michigan[a 1]51 MetrodomeMinneapolis
1993 North Carolina (3)77 Michigan[a 1]71 Louisiana SuperdomeNew Orleans (3)
2000 Michigan State (2)89 Florida76 RCA DomeIndianapolis (4)
2002 Maryland64 Indiana52 Georgia DomeAtlanta (2)
2005 North Carolina (4)75 Illinois70 Edward Jones DomeSt. Louis (3)
2007 Florida (2)84 Ohio State75 Georgia DomeAtlanta (3)
2009 North Carolina (5)89 Michigan State72 Ford FieldDetroit
2013 Louisville (3)82 Michigan76 Georgia DomeAtlanta (4)
2015 Duke (5)68 Wisconsin63 Lucas Oil StadiumIndianapolis (7)
2018 Villanova (3)79 Michigan62 AlamodomeSan Antonio (4)
  1. 1 2 Participation vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Post-season NIT championships and runners-up

Year Champion Runner-up MVP Venue and city
1972 Maryland100 Niagara69 Tom McMillen, Maryland Madison Square GardenNew York City
1974 Purdue87 Utah81 Mike Sojourner, Utah Madison Square GardenNew York City
1979 Indiana53 Purdue52 Butch Carter and Ray Tolbert, Indiana Madison Square GardenNew York City
1980 Virginia58 Minnesota55 Ralph Sampson, Virginia Madison Square GardenNew York City
1982 Bradley68 Purdue61 Mitchell Anderson, Bradley Madison Square GardenNew York City
1984 Michigan83 Notre Dame63 Tim McCormick, Michigan Madison Square GardenNew York City
1985 UCLA65 Indiana62 Reggie Miller, UCLA Madison Square GardenNew York City
1986 Ohio State73 Wyoming63 Brad Sellers, Ohio State Madison Square GardenNew York City
1988 Connecticut72 Ohio State67 Phil Gamble, UConn Madison Square GardenNew York City
1993 Minnesota62 Georgetown61 Voshon Lenard, Minnesota Madison Square GardenNew York City
1996 Nebraska60 Saint Joseph's56 Erick Strickland, Nebraska Madison Square GardenNew York City
1997 Michigan[b 1]82 Florida State73 Robert Traylor, Michigan Madison Square GardenNew York City
1998 Minnesota[b 2]79 Penn State72 Kevin Clark, Minnesota Madison Square GardenNew York City
2004 Michigan62 Rutgers55 Daniel Horton, Michigan Madison Square GardenNew York City
2006 South Carolina76 Michigan64 Renaldo Balkman, South Carolina Madison Square GardenNew York City
2008 Ohio State92 Massachusetts85 Kosta Koufos, Ohio State Madison Square GardenNew York City
2009 Penn State69 Baylor63 Jamelle Cornley, Penn State Madison Square GardenNew York City
2012 Stanford75 Minnesota51 Aaron Bright, Stanford Madison Square GardenNew York City
2013 Baylor74 Iowa54 Pierre Jackson, Baylor Madison Square GardenNew York City
2014 Minnesota65 SMU63 Austin Hollins, Minnesota Madison Square GardenNew York City
  1. Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.
  2. Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.

    Women's basketball

    Women's basketball teams have played a total of ten times in the NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament Championship (since 1998). Purdue is the only current Big Ten member to have won the NCAA women's basketball national title while a member of the conference. Both schools that joined in 2014, Maryland and Rutgers, won national titles before joining the Big Ten—Rutgers won the final AIAW championship in 1982, when it was a member of the Eastern 8, and Maryland won the NCAA title in 2006 as a member of the ACC. Big Ten women's basketball led conference attendance from 1993 to 1999.[74]

    Like the men's teams, the women's basketball teams in the Big Ten participate in the Big Ten–ACC Women's Challenge, which was founded in 2007.

    National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances

    Seasons are listed by the calendar years in which they ended. Italics indicate seasons before the school competed in the Big Ten.

    School Women's AIAW/NCAA Championships Women's AIAW/NCAA Final Fours Women's AIAW/NCAA
    Elite Eights
    Women's AIAW/NCAA
    Sweet Sixteens
    Women's AIAW/NCAA
    Tournament Appearances
    Illinois 2
    (1997, 1998)
    (1982, 1986, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003)
    Indiana 5
    (1983, 1994, 1995, 2002, 2016)
    Iowa 1
    (1987, 1988, 1993, 2015)
    (1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 1996, 2015)
    (1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2015)
    Maryland 1
    (1978, 1982, 1989, 2006, 2014, 2015)
    (1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989, 1992, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014, 2015)
    (1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1989, 1992, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015)
    (1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016)
    Michigan 6
    (1990, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2012, 2013)
    Michigan State 1
    (2005, 2006, 2009)
    (1991, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016)
    Minnesota 1
    (1977, 2003, 2004, 2005)
    (1977, 1981, 1982, 1994, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2015)
    Nebraska 2
    (2010, 2013)
    (1988, 1993, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015)
    Northwestern 7
    (1982, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1997, 2015)
    Ohio State 1
    (1975, 1985, 1987, 1993)
    (1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 2005, 2009, 2011, 2016)
    (1975, 1978, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016)
    Penn State 1
    (1983, 1994, 2000, 2004)
    (1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2014)
    (1976, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)
    Purdue 1
    (1994, 1999, 2001)
    (1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2009)
    (1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009)
    (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016)
    Rutgers 1
    (1982, 2000, 2007)
    (1982, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2008)
    (1982, 1986, 1987, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
    (1982, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015)
    Wisconsin 1
    (1982, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2010)

    NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations

    Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
    1993 Texas Tech84 Ohio State82 The OmniAtlanta
    1999 Purdue62 Duke45 San Jose ArenaSan Jose, California
    2001 Notre Dame68 Purdue66 Savvis CenterSt. Louis
    2005 Baylor84 Michigan State62 RCA DomeIndianapolis
    2006 Maryland78 Duke75 TD Banknorth GardenBoston
    2007 Tennessee59 Rutgers46 Quicken Loans ArenaCleveland

    Women's National Invitation Tournament championship games

    Year Champion Runner-up Venue and city
    1998 Penn State59 Baylor56 Ferrell CenterWaco, Texas
    1999 Arkansas67 Wisconsin64 Bud Walton ArenaFayetteville, Arkansas
    2000 Wisconsin75 Florida74 Kohl CenterMadison, Wisconsin
    2001 Ohio State62 New Mexico61 University ArenaAlbuquerque, New Mexico
    2007 Wyoming72 Wisconsin56 Arena-AuditoriumLaramie, Wyoming
    2008 Marquette81 Michigan State66 Breslin CenterEast Lansing, Michigan
    2014 Rutgers56 UTEP54 Don Haskins CenterEl Paso, Texas
    2017 Michigan89 Georgia Tech79 Calihan HallDetroit, Michigan
    2018 Indiana65 Virginia Tech57 Simon Skjodt Assembly HallBloomington, Indiana

    Field hockey

    Big Ten field hockey programs have won 10 NCAA Championships, although only two of these titles were won by schools as Big Ten members. Maryland won eight national championships as a member of the ACC, second most in the sport all-time. Penn State's two AIAW championships were also won before it became a Big Ten member and before the NCAA sponsored women's sports.

    School NCAA National Championships NCAA Runner Up NCAA Final Fours NCAA Tournament Appearances
    Indiana 2
    2002, 2007
    Iowa 1
    1984, 1988, 1992
    1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1999, 2008
    1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012
    Maryland 8
    1987, 1993, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011
    1995, 2001, 2009
    1987, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013
    1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
    Michigan 1
    1999, 2001, 2003
    1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015
    Michigan State 2
    2002, 2004
    2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013
    Northwestern 4
    1983, 1985, 1989, 1994
    1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 2014
    Ohio State 1
    1994, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011
    Penn State 2
    2002, 2007
    1982, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1993, 2002, 2007
    1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
    Rutgers 2
    1984, 1986

    Men's gymnastics

    The Big Ten fields seven of the remaining fifteen Division I men's gymnastics teams. In 2014, Michigan edged out Oklahoma for their 6th NCAA Men's Gymnastics championship, the school's third in five years.[75]

    NCAA Championships and Runners-up

    Year Champion Runner-up Host
    1938 Chicago† Illinois Chicago
    1939 Illinois Army Chicago
    1940 Illinois Navy/Temple Chicago
    1941 Illinois Minnesota Chicago
    1942 Illinois Penn State†† Navy
    1948 Penn State†† Temple Chicago
    1949 Temple Minnesota California
    1950 Illinois Temple Army
    1951 Florida State Illinois/Southern Cal Michigan
    1953 Penn State†† Illinois Syracuse
    1954 Penn State†† Illinois Illinois
    1955 Illinois Penn State†† UCLA
    1956 Illinois Penn State†† North Carolina
    1957 Penn State†† Illinois Navy
    1958 Michigan State†††/Illinois Michigan State
    1959 Penn State†† Illinois California
    1960 Penn State†† Southern Cal Penn State
    1961 Penn State†† Southern Illinois Illinois
    1963 Michigan Southern Illinois Pittsburgh
    1965 Penn State†† Washington Southern Illinois
    1967 Southern Illinois Michigan Southern Illinois
    1969 Iowa Penn State††/Colorado State Washington
    1970 Michigan Iowa State/New Mexico state Temple
    1973 Iowa State Penn State†† Oregon
    1976 Penn State†† LSU Temple
    1979 Nebraska†† Oklahoma LSU
    1980 Nebraska†† Iowa State Nebraska
    1981 Nebraska†† Oklahoma Nebraska
    1982 Nebraska†† UCLA Nebraska
    1983 Nebraska†† UCLA Penn State
    1984 UCLA Penn State†† UCLA
    1985 Ohio State Nebraska†† Nebraska
    1986 Arizona State Nebraska†† Nebraska
    1987 UCLA Nebraska†† UCLA
    1988 Nebraska†† Illinois Nebraska
    1989 Illinois Nebraska†† Nebraska
    1990 Nebraska†† Minnesota Minnesota
    1991 Oklahoma Penn State†† Penn State
    1992 Stanford Nebraska†† Nebraska
    1993 Stanford Nebraska†† New Mexico
    1994 Nebraska†† Stanford Nebraska
    1995 Stanford Nebraska†† Ohio State
    1996 Ohio State California Stanford
    1998 California Iowa Penn State
    1999 Michigan Ohio State Nebraska
    2000 Penn State Michigan Iowa
    2001 Ohio State Oklahoma Ohio State
    2002 Oklahoma Ohio State Oklahoma
    2003 Oklahoma Ohio State Temple
    2004 Penn State Oklahoma Illinois
    2005 Oklahoma Ohio State Army
    2006 Oklahoma Illinois Oklahoma
    2007 Penn State Oklahoma Penn State
    2009 Stanford Michigan Minnesota
    2010 Michigan Stanford Army
    2012 Illinois Oklahoma Oklahoma
    2013 Michigan Oklahoma Penn State
    2014 Michigan Oklahoma Michigan

    †–Chicago left the Big Ten in 1946.

    ††–Finishes prior to Penn State and Nebraska joining the Big Ten.

    †††–Michigan State no longer competes in gymnastics.

    Men's ice hockey

    The Big Ten began sponsoring men's ice hockey in the 2013–14 season.[76][77] The inaugural season includes 6 schools: Michigan, Michigan State and Ohio State joined from the disbanded CCHA; Minnesota and Wisconsin joined from the WCHA; and Penn State joined after playing its first NCAA Division I season (2012–2013) as an independent.[76][77] Notre Dame joined the league as an associate member beginning with the 2017–2018 season.[78]

    All-time school records

    This list goes through the 2016–17 season. Totals for conference regular-season and tournament championships include those won before the schools played Big Ten hockey.

    #TeamOverall recordPct.NCAA National
    Frozen Fours
    Regular Season
    1Minnesota1729–975–182[lower-alpha 1].631521371518
    2Wisconsin1189–768–141[lower-alpha 1].60061226133
    3Michigan1852–1244–180[lower-alpha 1].593925371014
    4Michigan State1282–1009–153[lower-alpha 1].55631127118
    5Ohio State870–890–153[lower-alpha 1].49502721
    6Notre Dame815–836–148[lower-alpha 2].49403932
    7Penn State60–68–10[lower-alpha 3].47100110
    1. 1 2 3 4 5 Includes all seasons of collegiate play, including those prior to the first season of NCAA-sponsored men's ice hockey in 1947–48.
    2. Includes only seasons since 1968–69, which Notre Dame considers as the start of its "modern era" of varsity ice hockey.
    3. Includes only seasons since 2012–13, Penn State's first of full varsity play.

    Big Ten Conference Champions

    Season School Conference Record
    2013–14 Minnesota 14–3–3–0
    2014–15 Minnesota 12–5–3–0
    2015–16 Minnesota 14–6–0–0
    2016–17 Minnesota 14–5–1–0
    2017–18 Notre Dame 17–6–1–1

    Big Ten Men's Ice Hockey Tournament champions

    Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Score Location Venue
    2014WisconsinMike EavesOhio StateSteve Rohlik5–4 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
    2015MinnesotaDon LuciaMichiganRed Berenson4–2Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
    2016MichiganRed BerensonMinnesotaDon Lucia5–3Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
    2017Penn StateGuy GadowskyWisconsinTony Granato2–1 (2OT)Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
    2018Notre DameJeff JacksonOhio StateSteve Rohlik3–2 (OT)South Bend, IndianaCompton Family Ice Arena

    NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations

    Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Score Location Finals venue
    1948MichiganVic HeyligerDartmouthEddie Jeremiah8–4Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1951Michigan (2)Vic HeyligerBrownWestcott Moulton7–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1952Michigan (3)Vic HeyligerColorado CollegeCheddy Thompson4–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1953Michigan (4)Vic HeyligerMinnesotaJohn Mariucci7–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1954RensselaerNed HarknessMinnesotaJohn Mariucci5–4 (OT)Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1955Michigan (5)Vic HeyligerColorado CollegeCheddy Thompson5–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1956Michigan (6)Vic HeyligerMichigan TechAl Renfrew7–5Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1957Colorado College (2)Tom BedeckiMichiganVic Heyliger13–6Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
    1959North DakotaBob MayMichigan StateAmo Bessone4–3 (OT)Troy, New YorkRPI Field House
    1964Michigan (7)Al RenfrewDenverMurray Armstrong6–3Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
    1966Michigan StateAmo BessoneClarksonLen Ceglarski6–1MinneapolisWilliams Arena
    1971Boston UniversityJack KelleyMinnesotaGlen Sonmor4–2Syracuse, New YorkOnondaga War Memorial
    1973WisconsinBob JohnsonDenver [a 1]Murray Armstrong4–2BostonBoston Garden
    1974MinnesotaHerb BrooksMichigan TechJohn MacInnes4–2BostonBoston Garden
    1975Michigan Tech (3)John MacInnesMinnesotaHerb Brooks6–1St. Louis, MissouriSt. Louis Arena
    1976Minnesota (2)Herb BrooksMichigan TechJohn MacInnes6–4Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
    1977Wisconsin (2)Bob JohnsonMichiganDan Farrell6–5 (OT)DetroitOlympia Stadium
    1979Minnesota (3)Herb BrooksNorth DakotaGino Gasparini4–3DetroitOlympia Stadium
    1981Wisconsin (3)Bob JohnsonMinnesotaBrad Buetow6–3Duluth, MinnesotaDuluth Entertainment Center
    1982North Dakota (4)Gino GaspariniWisconsinBob Johnson5–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
    1983Wisconsin (4)Jeff SauerHarvardBill Cleary6–2Grand Forks, North DakotaRalph Engelstad Arena
    1986Michigan State (2)Ron MasonHarvardBill Cleary6–5Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
    1987North Dakota (5)Gino GaspariniMichigan StateRon Mason5–3DetroitJoe Louis Arena
    1989HarvardBill ClearyMinnesotaDoug Woog4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaSaint Paul Civic Center
    1990Wisconsin (5)Jeff SauerColgateTerry Slater7–3DetroitJoe Louis Arena
    1992Lake Superior State (2)Jeff JacksonWisconsin1Jeff Sauer5–3Albany, New YorkKnickerbocker Arena
    1996Michigan (8)Red BerensonColorado CollegeDon Lucia3–2 (OT)CincinnatiRiverfront Coliseum
    1998Michigan (9)Red BerensonBoston CollegeJerry York3–2 (OT)BostonFleetCenter
    2002Minnesota (4)Don LuciaMaineTim Whitehead4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
    2003Minnesota (5)Don LuciaNew HampshireDick Umile5–1Buffalo, New YorkHSBC Arena
    2006Wisconsin (6)Mike EavesBoston CollegeJerry York2–1MilwaukeeBradley Center
    2007Michigan State (3)Rick ComleyBoston CollegeJerry York3–1St. Louis, MissouriScottrade Center
    2010Boston College (4)Jerry YorkWisconsinMike Eaves5–0DetroitFord Field
    2011Minnesota–DuluthScott SandelinMichiganRed Berenson3–2 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
    2014UnionRick BennettMinnesotaDon Lucia7–4PhiladelphiaWells Fargo Center
    1. Participation vacated due to major NCAA violations.


    At the conclusion of each regular season schedule the coaches of each Big Ten team, as well as a media panel, vote which players they choose to be on the three All-Conference Teams:[79] first team, second team and rookie team. Additionally they vote to award the 5 individual trophies to an eligible player at the same time. The Big Ten also awards a Tournament Most Outstanding Player which is voted on after the conclusion of the conference tournament. Each team also names one of their players to be honored for the conference Sportsmanship Award. All of the awards were created for the inaugural season (2013–14).

    Men's lacrosse

    The Big Ten began sponsoring men's lacrosse in the 2015 season. The Big Ten lacrosse league includes Maryland, Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, Rutgers, and Johns Hopkins, which joined the Big Ten conference as an affiliate member in 2014. The teams that compete in Big Ten men's lacrosse have combined to win 12 NCAA national championships.[80]

    With the addition of Johns Hopkins and Maryland to the league, Big Ten men's lacrosse boasts two of the top programs and most heated rivals in the history of the sport. Johns Hopkins (29) and Maryland (26) combine for 55 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Final Four appearances. The media and both schools have called Johns Hopkins–Maryland rivalry the greatest and most historic rivalry in men's lacrosse. Since 1895, the two teams have matched up more than 100 times.[81][82][83]

    All-time school records

    This list goes through the 2017 season.

    #TeamOverall recordPct.Big Ten Tournament
    Big Ten
    Regular Season
    NCAA National
    1Johns Hopkins944–308–15.751219
    4Ohio State461–408–5.530000
    5Penn State508–512–8.498000

    National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances

    School Men's NCAA Championships Men's NCAA
    Men's NCAA
    Final Fours
    Men's NCAA
    Men's NCAA Tournament Appearances
    Johns Hopkins 9
    (1974, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2005, 2007)
    (1972, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1989, 2003, 2008)
    (1972–74, 1976–87, 1989, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1999–2000, 2002–05, 2007–08, 2015)
    (1972–89, 1991–2009, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2018)
    (1972–2012, 2014–18)
    Maryland 3
    (1973, 1975, 2017)
    (1971, 1974, 1976, 1979, 1995, 1997–98, 2011–12, 2015–16)
    (1971–79, 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1995, 1997–98, 2003, 2005–06, 2011–12, 2014–18)
    ( 1971–79, 1981–83, 1986–87, 1989, 1991–92, 1995–98, 2000–01, 2003–06, 2008–12, 2014–18)
    ( 1971–79, 1981–83, 1986–87, 1989, 1991–98, 2000–01, 2003–18)
    Michigan 0
    Ohio State 1
    (2008, 2013, 2015, 2017)
    (2003, 2004, 2008, 2013, 2015, 2017)
    Penn State 4
    (2003, 2005, 2013, 2017)
    Rutgers 2
    (1986, 1990)
    (1972, 1974, 1975, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 2003, 2004)

    Big Ten Conference Champions

    Season School Conference Record
    2015 Maryland
    Johns Hopkins
    2016 Maryland 5–0
    2017 Maryland 4–1
    2018 Maryland 4–1

    Big Ten Men's Lacrosse Tournament champions

    Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Score Location Venue
    2015Johns HopkinsDave PietramalaOhio StateNick Myers13–6College Park, MarylandCapital One Field at Maryland Stadium
    2016MarylandJohn TillmanRutgersBrian Brecht14–8Baltimore, MarylandHomewood Field
    2017MarylandJohn TillmanOhio StateNick Myers10-9Columbus, OhioJesse Owens Memorial Stadium

    Women's lacrosse

    Women's lacrosse became a Big Ten-sponsored sport in the 2015 season. The Big Ten women's lacrosse league includes Johns Hopkins, Maryland, Michigan, Northwestern, Ohio State, Penn State, and Rutgers. Big Ten women's lacrosse programs have 22 of the 36 all-time NCAA championships, including 11 of the last 13. Maryland has earned one pre-NCAA national title and has won 13 NCAA national championships, including seven straight from 1995 to 2001 and most recently in 2017. Northwestern has claimed seven NCAA titles, including five straight from 2005 to 2009. Penn State has earned three pre-NCAA national titles and two NCAA titles in 1987 and 1989. Johns Hopkins became the seventh women's lacrosse program in the Big Ten as of July 1, 2016.

    All-time school records

    This list goes through the 2017 season.

    #TeamTotal seasonsOverall recordNCAA National
    NCAA Tournament
    Runner Up
    NCAA Tournament
    Final Fours
    NCAA Tournament
    1Johns Hopkins42421-265-40006
    5Ohio State22194–1670004
    6Penn State53489–233–522723

    Men's soccer

    The Big Ten men's soccer league includes Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Northwestern, Ohio State, Penn State, Rutgers, and Wisconsin. Big Ten men's soccer programs have combined to win 14 NCAA national championships.

    All-time school records

    This list goes through the 2013–14 season.

    #TeamTotal SeasonsOverall recordNCAA National
    NCAA Tournament
    Runner Up
    NCAA Tournament
    College Cups
    NCAA Tournament
    4Michigan State58540–295–9222415
    6Ohio State61406–439–1040108
    7Penn State103776–359–12100131


    Intra-Conference football rivalries

    The members of the Big Ten have longstanding rivalries with each other, especially on the football field. Each school, except Maryland and Rutgers, has at least one traveling trophy at stake. The following is a list of active rivalries in the Big Ten Conference with totals & records through the completion of the 2016 season.

    TeamsRivalry NameTrophyMeetingsRecordSeries leaderCurrent Streak
    IllinoisIndiana Illinois–Indiana football rivalry 7045–23–2IllinoisIllinois lost 2
    Northwestern Illinois–Northwestern football rivalry Land of Lincoln Trophy11155–51–5IllinoisIllinois lost 3
    Ohio State Illinois–Ohio State football rivalry Illibuck10230–68–4Ohio StateIllinois lost 8
    Purdue Illinois–Purdue football rivalry Purdue Cannon9244–42–6IllinoisIllinois lost 1
    IndianaIllinois Illinois–Indiana football rivalry 7023–45–2IllinoisIndiana won 2
    Michigan State Indiana–Michigan State football rivalry Old Brass Spittoon6315–46–2Michigan StateMichigan State won 1
    Purdue Indiana–Purdue rivalry Old Oaken Bucket11941–72–6PurdueIndiana won 4
    IowaMinnesota Iowa–Minnesota football rivalry Floyd of Rosedale11046–62–2MinnesotaIowa won 2
    Wisconsin Iowa–Wisconsin football rivalry Heartland Trophy9043–45–2WisconsinIowa lost 1
    Nebraska Iowa–Nebraska football rivalry Heroes Trophy4715–29–3NebraskaIowa won 2
    MarylandPenn State Maryland–Penn State football rivalry 402–37–1Penn StateMaryland lost 2
    MichiganMichigan State Michigan–Michigan State football rivalry Paul Bunyan Trophy10969–35–5MichiganMichigan State won 1
    Minnesota Michigan–Minnesota football rivalry Little Brown Jug10274–25–3MichiganMichigan won 1
    Ohio State Michigan–Ohio State football rivalry 11358–49–6MichiganMichigan lost 5
    Michigan StateIndiana Indiana–Michigan State football rivalry Old Brass Spittoon6346–15–2Michigan StateMichigan State won 1
    Michigan Michigan–Michigan State football rivalry Paul Bunyan Trophy11069–36–5MichiganMichigan loss 1
    Penn State Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry Land Grant Trophy3216–15–1Michigan StateMichigan State won 1
    MinnesotaIowa Iowa–Minnesota football rivalry Floyd of Rosedale11062–46–2MinnesotaMinnesota Loss 2
    Michigan Michigan–Minnesota football rivalry Little Brown Jug10225–74–3MichiganMinnesota Loss 1
    Nebraska Minnesota–Nebraska football rivalry $5 Bits of Broken Chair Trophy5731–24–2MinnesotaNebraska won 2
    Penn State Minnesota–Penn State football rivalry Governor's Victory Bell145–9Penn StateMinnesota lost 1
    Wisconsin Minnesota–Wisconsin football rivalry Paul Bunyan's Axe12759–60–8WisconsinMinnesota lost 14
    NebraskaIowa Iowa–Nebraska football rivalry Heroes Trophy4729–15–3NebraskaNebraska loss 2
    Minnesota Minnesota–Nebraska football rivalry $5 Bits of Broken Chair Trophy5731–24–2MinnesotaNebraska won 2
    Wisconsin Nebraska–Wisconsin football rivalry Freedom Trophy114–7WisconsinNebraska lost 4
    Northwestern IllinoisIllinois–Northwestern football rivalry Land of Lincoln Trophy11151–55–5IllinoisNorthwestern won 3
    Ohio StateIllinois Illinois–Ohio State football rivalry Illibuck10268–30–4Ohio StateOhio State won 8
    Michigan Michigan–Ohio State football rivalry 11349–58–6MichiganOhio State won 5
    Penn State Ohio State–Penn State football rivalry 3218–14Ohio StateOhio State won 1
    Penn State MarylandMaryland–Penn State football rivalry 4037–2–1Penn StatePenn State won 2
    Michigan State Michigan State–Penn State football rivalry Land Grant Trophy3216–15–1Michigan StatePenn State loss 1
    Minnesota Minnesota–Penn State football rivalry Governor's Victory Bell149–5Penn StatePenn State won 1
    Ohio State Ohio State–Penn State football rivalry 3214–18Ohio StateOhio State won 1
    PurdueIllinois Illinois–Purdue football rivalry Purdue Cannon9242–44–6IllinoisPurdue won 1
    Indiana Indiana–Purdue rivalry Old Oaken Bucket11972–41–6PurduePurdue lost 4
    WisconsinIowa Iowa–Wisconsin football rivalry Heartland Trophy9045–43–2WisconsinWisconsin won 1
    Minnesota Minnesota–Wisconsin football rivalry Paul Bunyan's Axe12760–59–8WisconsinWisconsin won 14
    Nebraska Nebraska–Wisconsin football rivalry Freedom Trophy117–4WisconsinWisconsin won 4

    Extra-Conference football rivalries

    TeamsRivalry NameTrophyMeetingsRecordSeries leaderCurrent Streak
    IllinoisMissouri Illinois–Missouri football rivalry 247–17MissouriIllinois lost 6
    IndianaKentucky Indiana–Kentucky rivalry 3618–17–1IndianaIndiana won 1
    IowaIowa State Iowa–Iowa State football rivalry Cy-Hawk Trophy6341–22IowaIowa won 2
    MarylandNavy Maryland–Navy rivalry Crab Bowl Trophy217–14NavyMaryland won 2
    Virginia Maryland–Virginia football rivalry Tydings Trophy7844–32–2MarylandMaryland won 2
    West Virginia Maryland–West Virginia football rivalry 5122–27–2West VirginiaMaryland lost 1
    MichiganNotre Dame Michigan–Notre Dame football rivalry 4224–17–1MichiganMichigan lost 1
    Michigan StateNotre Dame Michigan State–Notre Dame football rivalry Megaphone Trophy7929–49–1Notre DameMichigan State lost 1
    NebraskaMissouri Missouri–Nebraska football rivalry Victory Bell10465–36–3NebraskaNebraska won 2
    Oklahoma Nebraska–Oklahoma football rivalry 8645–38–3OklahomaNebraska lost 1
    Miami Miami–Nebraska football rivalry 126–6TiedNebraska lost 1
    Colorado Colorado–Nebraska football rivalry 6949–18–2NebraskaNebraska won 3
    Texas Nebraska–Texas football rivalry 1410–4TexasNebraska lost 6
    Kansas Kansas–Nebraska football rivalry 11791–23–3NebraskaNebraska won 3
    Penn StatePittsburgh Penn State–Pittsburgh football rivalry 9751-43–4Penn StatePenn State won 1
    Syracuse Penn State–Syracuse football rivalry 7141–23–5Penn StatePenn State won 5
    Temple Penn State–Temple football rivalry 4540–4–1Penn StatePenn State won 1
    West Virginia Penn State–West Virginia football rivalry 5948–9–2Penn StatePenn State won 4
    PurdueNotre Dame Notre Dame–Purdue football rivalry Shillelagh Trophy8626–58–2Notre DamePurdue lost 7


    From 1993 through 2010, the Big Ten football schedule was set up with each team having two permanent matches within the conference, with the other eight teams in the conference rotating out of the schedule in pairs for two-year stints. Permanent matches were as follows:

    • Illinois: Indiana, Northwestern
    • Indiana: Illinois, Purdue
    • Iowa: Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Michigan: Michigan State, Ohio State
    • Michigan State: Michigan, Penn State
    • Minnesota: Iowa, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern: Illinois, Purdue
    • Ohio State: Michigan, Penn State
    • Penn State: Michigan State, Ohio State
    • Purdue: Indiana, Northwestern
    • Wisconsin: Iowa, Minnesota

    This system was discontinued after the 2010 season, as teams became grouped into two divisions, and would play all teams in their division once, with one protected cross-over game, and two games rotating against the other five opponents from the opposing division.

    Most of the above permanent rivalries were maintained. By virtue of the new alignment, a handful of new permanent divisional opponents were created, as all pairs of teams within the same division would face off each season. Furthermore, three new permanent inter-divisional matches resulted from the realignment: Purdue–Iowa, Michigan State–Indiana, and Penn State–Nebraska. The following past permanent matches were maintained across divisions: Minnesota–Wisconsin, Michigan–Ohio State, and Illinois–Northwestern.

    The new alignment, however, caused some of the above permanent rivalries to be discontinued. These were: Iowa–Wisconsin, Northwestern–Purdue, and Michigan State–Penn State. These matchups would continue to be played, but only twice every five years on average. More rivalries were disrupted, and some resumed on a yearly basis, when the league realigned into East and West Divisions for the 2014 season with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers. The two new schools were placed in the new East Division with Penn State, and the two Indiana schools were divided (Indiana to the East and Purdue to the West). With the move to a nine-game conference schedule in 2016, all cross-division games will be held at least once in a four-year cycle except for Indiana–Purdue, which is the only protected cross-division game.[31] The conference later announced that once the new scheduling format takes effect in 2016, members will be prohibited from playing FCS teams, and required to play at least one non-conference game against a team in the Power Five conferences (ACC, Big 12, Pac-12 and SEC; presumably, this would also allow for non-conference games against Big Ten opponents that are not on the conference schedule). Games against independents Notre Dame (an ACC member in non-football sports) and BYU will also count toward the Power Five requirement.[58]

    Intra-Conference basketball rivalries

    • Illinois: Indiana, Northwestern
    • Indiana: Illinois, Purdue
    • Iowa: Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Michigan: Michigan State, Ohio State
    • Michigan State: Ohio State, Wisconsin, Michigan
    • Minnesota: Iowa, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern: Illinois, Purdue
    • Ohio State: Michigan, Penn State, Michigan State
    • Penn State: Ohio State
    • Purdue: Indiana, Northwestern
    • Wisconsin: Iowa, Minnesota

    Extra-Conference basketball rivalries

    • Illinois: Missouri
    • Indiana: Kentucky
    • Iowa: Drake, Iowa State, Northern Iowa
    • Maryland: Duke, Virginia, Georgetown
    • Michigan: Duke
    • Nebraska: Creighton
    • Penn State: Bucknell, Pittsburgh
    • Rutgers: Princeton, Seton Hall
    • Wisconsin: Marquette

    Other sports

    Men's ice hockey

    Men's lacrosse

    Men's soccer


    • Penn State–Lehigh
    • Iowa–Iowa State
    • Iowa–Oklahoma State

    Extra-conference rivalries

    Three Big Ten teams—Purdue, Michigan State and Michigan—had rivalries in football with Notre Dame. After the University of Southern California with 35 wins (including a vacated 2005 win), the Michigan State Spartans have the most wins against the Irish, with 28. The Purdue Boilermakers follow with 26, and Michigan ranks fourth all-time with 24.

    Penn State has a longstanding rivalry with Pittsburgh of the ACC, but the two schools did not meet from 2000 until renewing the rivalry with an alternating home-and-home series from 2016 to 2019. Penn State also has long histories with independent Notre Dame; Temple of The American; Syracuse, and Boston College of the ACC; and West Virginia, of the Big 12 Conference. Additionally, Penn State maintains strong intrastate rivalries with Patriot League universities Bucknell in men's basketball and men's lacrosse, and Lehigh in wrestling. Most of these rivalries were cultivated while Penn State operated independent of conference affiliation; the constraints of playing a full conference schedule, especially in football, have reduced the number of meetings between Penn State and its non-Big Ten rivals.

    Iowa has an in-state rivalry with Iowa State of the Big 12, with the winner getting the Cy-Hawk Trophy in football. Iowa and Iowa State also compete annually in the Cy-Hawk Series sponsored by Hy-Vee (as of 2011 this series is now sponsored by The Iowa Corngrowers Association), the competition includes all head-to-head regular season competitions in all sports. Iowa also holds rivalries in basketball with the state's other two Division I programs, Drake and Northern Iowa.

    Indiana has an out-of-conference rivalry with Kentucky of the SEC (see Indiana–Kentucky rivalry). While the two schools played in football for many years, the rivalry was rooted in their decades of national success in men's basketball. The two no longer play one another in football, but their basketball rivalry continued until a dispute about game sites ended the series after 2011. In the last season of the rivalry (2011–12), the teams played twice. During the regular season, then-unranked Indiana defeated then-#1 ranked Kentucky 73–72 at Assembly Hall. The Wildcats avenged the loss in the NCAA tournament, defeating Indiana 102–90 in the South Regional final in Atlanta on their way to a national title. The teams next played in the 2016 NCAA tournament, with Indiana winning.

    Illinois has a longstanding basketball rivalry with the SEC's Missouri Tigers, with the two men's teams squaring off annually in the "Braggin' Rights" game. It has been held in St. Louis since 1980, first at the St. Louis Arena and since 1994 at the Scottrade Center. This rivalry has been carried over into football as "The Arch Rivalry" with games played at the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis in 2002 and 2003 and four games in 2007 through 2010.

    Wisconsin has a long-standing in-state basketball rivalry with Marquette. The series has intensified as of late with both teams having made the Final Four in recent years. The schools also played an annual football game before Marquette abandoned its football program in 1961. The school also has minor rivalries in basketball with the two other Division I members of the University of Wisconsin System, which include the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and University of Wisconsin–Green Bay.

    Minnesota men's ice hockey has a prolific and fierce border rivalry with the University of North Dakota. The two teams played annually between 1948 and 2013 as members of the Western Collegiate Hockey Association prior to the inception of the Big Ten Conference. The rivalry will resume in 2016 in non-conference action.

    In the early days of the Big Ten, the ChicagoMichigan game was played on Thanksgiving, usually with conference championship implications and was considered one of the first major rivalries of the conference. See Chicago–Michigan football rivalry.

    Also in the early days of the conference, and at Knute Rockne's insistence, Northwestern and Notre Dame had a yearly contest, with the winner taking home a shillelagh, much like the winner of the USC–Notre Dame and Purdue–Notre Dame contests now receive. The Northwestern–Notre Dame shillelagh was largely forgotten by the early 1960s and is now solely an element of college football's storied past.[85]


    The Big Ten is second to the Southeastern Conference (SEC) in football stadiums that seat over 100,000, with the Big Ten having three to the SEC's four. The Big Ten's 100,000-seat stadiums are Beaver Stadium, Michigan Stadium, and Ohio Stadium. Only five other college football stadium have such a capacity: Texas A&M's Kyle Field, Neyland Stadium at the University of Tennessee, Bryant–Denny Stadium of the University of Alabama and LSU's Tiger Stadium in the SEC, and Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium at the University of Texas at Austin in the Big 12 Conference. The three stadiums are three of the four largest football stadiums in the United States, as well as the third, fourth, and seventh largest sports stadiums in the world.

    The Big Ten is home to two of the top-10 largest on-campus basketball arenas in the country: Ohio State's Value City Arena and Maryland's Xfinity Center. Additionally, arenas at Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, and Penn State rank among the top-20 largest on-campus basketball facilities in the United States. The Big Ten Conference features more on-campus basketball arenas with seating capacities of 15,000 or more than any other conference in the country.

    Football, basketball, and baseball facilities

    School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
    Illinois Memorial Stadium 60,670 State Farm Center 16,618 Illinois Field 3,000
    Indiana Memorial Stadium 52,929 Simon Skjodt Assembly Hall 17,357 Bart Kaufman Field 2,500
    Iowa Kinnick Stadium 70,585 Carver–Hawkeye Arena 15,400 Duane Banks Field 3,000
    Maryland Capital One Field at Maryland Stadium 51,802 Xfinity Center 17,950 Shipley Field 2,500
    Michigan Michigan Stadium 107,601 Crisler Center 12,707 Ray Fisher Stadium 4,000
    Michigan State Spartan Stadium 75,005 Breslin Student Events Center 14,797 Drayton McLane Baseball Stadium at John H. Kobs Field
    Cooley Law School Stadium
    Minnesota TCF Bank Stadium 52,525 Williams Arena 14,625 U.S. Bank Stadium
    Siebert Field
    Nebraska Memorial Stadium 87,000 Pinnacle Bank Arena 15,000 Haymarket Park 8,500
    Northwestern Ryan Field 47,330 Welsh–Ryan Arena[lower-alpha 1] 8,117 Rocky Miller Park 600
    Ohio State Ohio Stadium 104,944 Value City Arena 19,049 Bill Davis Stadium 4,450
    Penn State Beaver Stadium 106,572 Bryce Jordan Center 15,261 Medlar Field at Lubrano Park 5,570
    Purdue Ross–Ade Stadium 57,236 Mackey Arena 14,846 Alexander Field 1,500
    Rutgers High Point Solutions Stadium 52,454 Louis Brown Athletic Center 8,000 Bainton Field 1,250
    Wisconsin Camp Randall Stadium 80,321 Kohl Center 17,230 Non-baseball school
    1. Welsh–Ryan Arena will undergo major renovations during the 2017–18 season. During this time, the men's team will play at Allstate Arena (capacity 18,500),[86] while the women's team will play at Beardsley Gym (capacity 2,400) on the nearby campus of Evanston Township High School.[87]

    Ice hockey arenas

    School Men's arena Capacity Women's arena Capacity
    Michigan Yost Ice Arena 5,800 No varsity team
    Michigan State Munn Ice Arena 6,470 No varsity team
    Minnesota 3M Arena at Mariucci 10,000 Ridder Arena 3,400
    Notre Dame Compton Family Ice Arena 5,022 No varsity team
    Ohio State Value City Arena 17,500 OSU Ice Rink 1,415
    Penn State Pegula Ice Arena 5,782 Pegula Ice Arena 5,782
    Wisconsin Kohl Center 15,359 LaBahn Arena 2,273

    Soccer stadiums

    Stadium Team(s) City Capacity Opened
    Bill Armstrong Stadium Indiana Hoosiers Bloomington, Indiana 6,500 1981
    Elizabeth Lyle Robbie Stadium Minnesota Golden Gophers Falcon Heights, Minnesota 1,000 1999
    DeMartin Soccer Complex Michigan State Spartans Lansing, Michigan 2,500 2008
    Jeffrey Field Penn State Nittany Lions State College, Pennsylvania 5,000 1966
    Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium Ohio State Buckeyes Columbus, Ohio 10,000 2001
    McClimon Soccer Complex Wisconsin Badgers Madison, Wisconsin 1,611 1959
    Toyota Park Northwestern Wildcats Bridgeview, Illinois 20,000 2006
    U-M Soccer Stadium Michigan Wolverines Ann Arbor, Michigan 2,200 2010
    Yurcak Field Rutgers Scarlet Knights Piscataway, New Jersey 5,000 1994
    Ludwig Field Maryland Terrapins College Park, Maryland 7,000 1995


    As of 2017, the Big Ten has carriage agreements with the following broadcast and cable networks.[88]

    • ESPN:
      • 27 football games
        • All intraconference games on ABC, ESPN or ESPN2.
        • At least six primetime games per season on ABC or ESPN.
      • 38 men's basketball games.
      • Broad coverage of women's basketball and Olympic sports.
    • CBS Sports:
      • Rights to the semifinals and championship of the men's basketball tournament.
      • At least ten regular season games per season.
      • Sundays will be the primary day for Big Ten basketball to air on CBS.
      • All of these parameters are about the same as the previous agreement.
    • Fox Sports:
      • 24 to 27 football games per year (including tier 1 rights).
        • Nine games total in primetime on Fox and FS1.
      • Top pick in the draft of weeks to select first in football.
      • Football championship game every year.
      • 39 to 47 men's basketball games.
        • Potentially ten of those games on Fox broadcast network.
    • Big Ten Network was created in 2006 through a joint partnership between the Big Ten and News Corporation and debuted the following year, replacing the ESPN Plus package previously offered to Big Ten markets via syndication. Based in downtown Chicago, the network's lineup consists exclusively of Big Ten-related programming, such as a nightly highlights show, in addition to live events.[89]

    See also


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    2. "University of Maryland and Rutgers University Become Official Members of Big Ten Conference". Retrieved 2016-06-21.
    4. "2014 Big Ten Academic Alliance University Data At-A-Glance" (PDF). Big Ten Academic Alliance. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
    5. Pizzo, Rick (March 2016). "Pizzo: Addition of Notre Dame strengthens Big Ten hockey". Big Ten Network. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
    7. "College Navigator entry for Johns Hopkins University". National Center for Education Statistics. 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
    8. BIG TEN CONFERENCE Official Athletic Site – Big Ten Conference. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
    9. "Big Ten Announces Addition of Notre Dame Men's Ice Hockey as Sport Affiliate Member Beginning with 2017-18 Season" (Press release). Big Ten Conference. March 23, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    10. Big Ten Announces Institution of Men's and Women's Lacrosse and Addition of Johns Hopkins as Men's Lacrosse Sport Affiliate Member – BIG TEN CONFERENCE Official Athletic Site. (2013-06-03). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
    11. 1 2 "Big Ten History". Big Ten Conference. Archived from the original on 13 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
    12. 1 2 Canham, Don (1996). From The Inside: A Half Century of Michigan Athletics. Olympia Sports Press. p. 281. ISBN 0-9654263-0-0.
    13. STEVEN M. SIPPLE / Lincoln Journal Star. "Latest Husker News". Retrieved 2012-11-07.
    14. "CONFERENCE OUSTS MICHIGAN; Severs Relations with University for Non-Observance of Rules" (PDF). The New York Times. April 14, 1907.
    15. "unknown". The Detroit Free Press. February 20, 1917.
    16. "Chicago gives up Football as major sport". Gettysburg Times. December 22, 1939. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
    17. "Chicago U. Withdraws From Big Ten". Retrieved 2009-10-17.
    18. "An Ingenious Inception: Penn State Joins the Big Ten Conference". Archived from the original on 28 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
    19. "Missouri Interested In Jumping To The Big Ten". January 16, 1993. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
    20. Sherman, Ed (1993-12-10). "Kansas, Big 10 a good fit?". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
    21. Pamela Schaeffer (1999-02-19). "Notre Dame shuns Big Ten, fears losing `distinctiveness'". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on 2005-08-26. Retrieved 2007-01-14.
    22. Schlabach, Mark (June 9, 2010). "Expansion 101: What's at stake?". ESPN. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
    23. "University of Nebraska Approved to Join Big Ten Conference by Council of Presidents/Chancellors". Big Ten Conference. 2010-06-11.
    24. "Big Ten Conference Reveals New Logo and Honors Football History with Division Names and Trophies". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved 2 April 2014. The new Big Ten logo was developed to symbolize the conference's future, as well as its rich heritage, strong tradition of competition, academic leadership, and passionate alumni," said Gericke. "Its contemporary collegiate lettering includes an embedded numeral "10" in the word "BIG", which allows fans to see "BIG" and "10" in a single word. Memorable and distinctive, the new logo evolved from the previous logo's use of negative space and is built on the conference's iconic name, without reference to the number of member institutions. The new logo also provides the flexibility of multiple versions which can be used horizontally, vertically and within new media.
    25. Ryan, Shannon (1 September 2010). "Big Ten sets new divisions; splits up Illinois-NU". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
    26. "Big Ten may rethink Legends, Leaders". Associated Press. 17 December 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
    27. Garcia, Marlen (December 13, 2010). "Big Ten Unveils Logo, Names Football Divisions 'Legends' and 'Leaders'", USA Today. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
    28. Prewitt, Alex (November 19, 2012). "Maryland moving to Big Ten". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
    29. Barker, Jeff; Korman, Chris (November 19, 2012). "Maryland's application for Big Ten admission approved". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
    30. "Rutgers University To Join The Big Ten Conference". Retrieved 20 November 2012.
    31. 1 2 3 4 Rittenberg, Adam (April 28, 2013). "Big Ten's divisional overhaul OK'd". Retrieved April 28, 2013.
    32. 1 2 McMurphy, Brett; Rittenberg, Adam (April 19, 2013). "Sources: Big Ten to realign divisions". Retrieved April 19, 2013.
    33. "Big Ten Announces Institution of Men's and Women's Lacrosse and Addition of Johns Hopkins as Men's Lacrosse Sport Affiliate Member". Big Ten Conference. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
    34. "Johns Hopkins men's lacrosse team to join Big Ten Conference". The Hub. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
    35. "Big Ten Announces Addition of Notre Dame Men's Ice Hockey as Sport Affiliate Member Beginning with 2017-18 Season". March 23, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
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