Biathlon at the Winter Olympics

Biathlon at the Winter Olympics
Governing body IBU
Events 11 (men: 5; women: 5; mixed: 1)
Games
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics

Biathlon debuted at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley with the men's 20 km individual event. At the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, the men's 4×7.5 km relay debuted, followed by the 10 km sprint event at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York. Beginning at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, women's biathlon debuted with the 15 km individual, 3×7.5 km relay (4×7.5 km during 1994-2002, and 4×6 km in 2006), and 7.5 km sprint. A pursuit race (12.5 km for men and 10 km for women) was included at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. The top 60 finishers of the sprint race (10 km for men and 7.5 km for women) would qualify for the pursuit event. The sprint winner starts the race, followed by each successive biathlete at the same time interval he/she trailed the sprint winner in that event. At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, a mass start (15 km for men and 12.5 km for women) was introduced where the top 30 biathletes from the previous four events were allowed to start together for the competition.

Prior to the biathlon debut at the 1960 Winter Olympics, there was a military patrol event that was held at four Winter Olympic Games: 1924, 1928, 1936, and 1948. Medals were awarded for military patrol in 1924, but it was a demonstration event for the other three Games.

Events

Men's

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event2428323648525660646872768084889294980206101418Years
Military patrol(d)(d)(d)4
individual (20 km)16
relay (4×7.5 km)14
sprint (10 km)11
pursuit (12.5 km)5
mass start (15 km)4
Total events11111122233333345555

Women's

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event2428323648525660646872768084889294980206101418Years
individual (15 km)8
relay (4×6 km) [1] 8
sprint (7.5 km)8
pursuit (10 km)5
mass start (12.5 km)4
Total events33345555

Mixed

Event2428323648525660646872768084889294980206101418Years
relay (2x6 + 2x7.5 km) [2]2
Total events11

Medal table

As of 2018 Winter Olympics

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Germany (GER)19211252
2 Norway (NOR)16151041
3 Russia (RUS)104822
4 France (FRA)951226
5 Soviet Union (URS)95519
6 Sweden (SWE)53614
7 Belarus (BLR)43310
8 East Germany (GDR)34411
9 Slovakia (SVK)3317
10 Unified Team (EUN)2226
11 Canada (CAN)2013
12 West Germany (FRG)1225
13 Ukraine (UKR)1135
14 Switzerland (SUI)1102
15 Bulgaria (BUL)1012
16 Finland (FIN)0527
17 Czech Republic (CZE)0437
18 Austria (AUT)0336
19 Italy (ITA)0156
20 Slovenia (SLO)0112
21 Kazakhstan (KAZ)0101
 Poland (POL)0101
23 Croatia (CRO)0011
Total868585256
Notes

Number of biathletes by nation

Nation2428323648525660646872768084889294980206101418Years
 Andorra (AND)       11
 Argentina (ARG)       43371217
 Australia (AUS)       112211128
 Austria (AUT)       4445455555669914
 Belarus (BLR)       1191110910107
 Belgium (BEL)       21
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)       2113
 Bulgaria (BUL)       2235105556661012
 Canada (CAN)       5597617881010
 Chile (CHI)       222
 China (CHN)       558445665210
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)       212
 Costa Rica (CRC)       11
 Croatia (CRO)       1123
 Czech Republic (CZE)       10810101010117
 Denmark (DEN)       11
 Estonia (EST)       894469968
 Finland (FIN)       446546559979144816
 France (FRA)       4165554710111010911121216
 Germany (GER)       10911111012121210
 Great Britain (GBR)       245444645424212116
 Greece (GRE)       21121217
 Guam (GUM)       11
 Hungary (HUN)       151955321110
 Italy (ITA)       545561066101010101113
 Japan (JPN)       24454443288925615
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)       2822910107
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)       1113
 Latvia (LAT)       455599238
 Lithuania (LTU)       221221248
 Moldova (MDA)       2224216
 Mongolia (MGL)       422
 Norway (NOR)       345545561211991011121116
 New Zealand (NZL)       11
 Poland (POL)       465491095101010712
 Puerto Rico (PUR)       11
 Romania (ROU)       445456524552613
 Russia (RUS)       1011111211126
 Serbia (SRB)       112
 Slovenia (SLO)       5691088678
 Slovakia (SVK)       65610108107
 South Korea (KOR)       1541212269
 Spain (ESP)       21124
 Switzerland (SUI)       432113142691012
 Sweden (SWE)       4454445410108561051016
 Ukraine (UKR)       101011101111117
 United States (USA)       445456651199899101016
NOCs no longer compete at the Winter Olympics
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)       255455107
 East Germany (GDR)       5554466
 Olympic Athletes from Russia (OAR)       41
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)       11
 Soviet Union (URS)       444444458
 Unified Team (EUN)       111
 United Team of Germany (EUA)       442
 West Germany (FRG)       4266456
 Yugoslavia (YUG)       16144
Nations-------914161418182522283232343737362856
Biathletes-------30517262747695901961931831902042212162191371
Year2428323648525660646872768084889294980206101418

See also

References

  1. The women's relay has been contested over three different distances: 3×7.5 km (1992), 4×7.5 km (1994-2002) and 4×6 km (2006-10)
  2. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/olympics/wintersports/story/2011/04/06/sp-ioc-skijumping.html

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