Benjamin Peary Pal

Benjamin Peary Pal
Born (1906-05-26)26 May 1906
Mukandpur, Punjab ,British India
Died 14 September 1989(1989-09-14) (aged 83)
Other names B.P.Pal
Alma mater
Scientific career
Fields Plant breeding
Institutions Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Benjamin Peary Pal, FRS (26 May 1906 – 14 September 1989) was the first Director of Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was one of the foremost scientists in Wheat genetics and breeding.[2]


Pal completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees at Rangoon University and completed his Ph.D. at the University of Cambridge.[3]

Awards and honours

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1972. He was a bachelor and donated his property to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1959, the Padma Bhushan in 1968[4] and the Padma Vibhushan in 1987.[1][5][6][7]


  1. 1 2 Swaminathan, M. S. (1996). "Benjamin Peary Pal 26 May 1906 – 14 September 1989". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 266–274. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0017.
  2. "Agriculture" (PDF). Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  3. "Dr Benjamin Peary Pal". Indian National Science Academy. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  4. "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  5. Biography of Benjamin Peary Pal
  6. Benjamin Peary Pal .ATribute:M.S.Swaminathan
  7. "Padma Vibhushan Awardees". Retrieved 30 August 2015.
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