Bekasi

Bekasi
ᮘᮨᮊᮞᮤ
City
Other transcription(s)
  Chinese 勿加泗

Seal
Motto(s): Cerdas, Sehat dan Ihsan (Indonesian)
(Smart, Healthy and Charitable)

Location within West Java
Bekasi City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Bekasi City
Bekasi City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°14′06″S 106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923Coordinates: 6°14′06″S 106°59′32″E / 6.2349°S 106.9923°E / -6.2349; 106.9923
Country  Indonesia
Province West Java
Government
  Mayor Rahmat Effendi[1]
  Vice Mayor Ahmad Syaikhu
Area
  Total 210.49 km2 (81.27 sq mi)
Elevation 11–81 m (36–265 ft)
Population (2014)
  Total 2,663,011
  Density 13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Time zone Indonesia Western Time (UTC+7)
Area code (+62) 21
License plate B
Website www.bekasikota.go.id

Bekasi City (Indonesian: Kota Bekasi, Sundanese: ᮊᮥᮒ ᮘᮨᮊᮞᮤ, Chinese: 勿加泗市) is a city in West Java, Indonesia, located on the eastern border of Jakarta within the Jakarta metropolitan region. It serves as a commuter city for Jakarta, although it has notable trade, business and processing industries. The borders for this city are Bekasi Regency at the north and east, Bogor Regency and Depok City at the south, as well as East Jakarta at the west. It is Indonesia's most populated incorporated suburban city to Jakarta, and one of the most populated worldwide, but still trails the likes of Incheon and Yokohama. The large number of multinational companies, has apparently attracted a lot of expatriates (mainly Japanese and Korean) to settle in Bekasi.[2]

The city has an area of 210.49 square kilometres (81.27 sq mi) and had 2,663,011 people in 2014.[3] With 2.66 million inhabitants, Bekasi has surpassed Bandung as the third most populous city in Indonesia, behind Jakarta and Surabaya.

As a dormitory city, many middle-up satellite cities have been developed in Bekasi,[4] complete with their own shopping malls, schools, hospitals, club houses, water park, and shuttle bus services to central Jakarta.

Bekasi is one of the oldest cities in Indonesia, and has a history of being the capital city of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara. At that time, the name of Bekasi was Dayeuh Sundasembawa. The earliest evidence of its existence dates from the 5th century according to the Tugu inscription.[5]

Economy

Bekasi has already grown to become one of the center of growth in Indonesia. The city has accounts for 2.11% of total national GDP.[6] Recently, many foreigners (most of Korean, Japanese and Chinese) have set up their business to take advantage of its dynamism and boost its economy. Bekasi's economy was mainly based on service and manufacture.

Commerce

Bekasi is one of the most promising property markets in Indonesia, and several high-value developments have transformed its property market. Many of country's big property developers are building apartments, hotels, and shopping malls in the city. In recent years, some residences have developed along the Jatiwarna/Jatibening — East Bekasi toll highway, further to Cibatu in Bekasi Regency. These include Harapan Indah, Summarecon Bekasi, Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City.

Prime business and commercial centers in the western part of city. There are some of financial, restaurants and shopping centers along Jalan Ahmad Yani, Jalan Sudirman, Jalan KH. Noer Alie as well as Harapan Indah Boulevard. Bekasi has the upper-middle class shopping malls which are consist of high-street brands such as Uniqlo, Marks & Spencer and Cotton On. The largest shopping center is Grand Metropolitan with over 125,000 m² of floor space.[7] Other shopping centers include Metropolitan Mall, Summarecon Mal Bekasi, Mal Ciputra Cibubur, Mega Bekasi Hypermall, Grand Galaxy Park, Grand Mall, Blu Plaza, BTC Mall, GP Mall, Bekasi Cyber Park, Plaza Pondok Gede, Revo Town and Lagoon Avenue. Many hotels developed in Bekasi, such as Santika, Horison, Harris, Aston Imperial, Amaris, Amaroossa, and Tune Hotel.

Industry

(Note: many of the below are in Bekasi Regency, rather than the city limits)

In addition to its numerous residential areas, there are several important industrial areas in the outskirts of Bekasi. These include the Jababeka, MM 2100, Bekasi International Industrial Estate (BIIE), Delta Silicon Industrial Park, Lippo Cikarang, Greenland International Industrial City (GIIC) and East Jakarta Industrial Park (EJIP) districts. Many large companies, such as Honda, LG, Converse and Samsung, have factories in Bekasi. Nowadays some 4,000 companies are operating in Bekasi and surrounding areas. It is estimated that approximately 1,000 expatriate workers[8] and over 500,000 laborers are working in the area.

Hankook Tire of South Korea is building a US$353 million tire plant in Bekasi and started production in 2014.[9]

Infrastructure

The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in Bekasi has been induced by infrastructure development, especially roads, highways and railways.

Road and highway

Bekasi is connected by the Trans-Java Highway, the main road across Java. There are three highways connections from the Jabodetabek urban area. The Jakarta–Cikampek Toll Road, which has three exits in Bekasi; the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, which provides access to Tangerang, Jakarta and Bogor as well as the new Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll Road. Owing to its location as a satellite city of Jakarta, heavy rush hour traffic jams have become common on the roads between East Jakarta and Bekasi.

KMToll RoadToll GateDestination
08Jakarta–Cikampek Toll RoadJatibeningJatibening, Jatiwaringin, Cikunir
12Bekasi BaratKayuringin, Pekayon, Summarecon Bekasi
16Bekasi TimurMargahayu, Bulak Kapal, Bantar Gebang
37Jakarta Outer Ring RoadJatiwarnaJatiwarna, Kranggan, Pondok Gede
41JatiasihJatiasih, Cikunir, Jatimekar
47KalimalangKranji, Jakasampurna, Bintara Jaya
49BintaraBintara, Bintara Jaya, Harapan Baru
13Bekasi-Cawang-Kampung Melayu Toll RoadJakasampurnaJakasampurna, Jakasetia, Grand Galaxy City

Railway

The government is currently constructing a double track railway connecting Manggarai to Cikarang, which would be finished around the late 2018.[10] Beside a double track railway, the government also building a 17.9 km light rail transit line connecting East Bekasi-Cawang-Dukuh Atas across Greater Jakarta.[11]

Transportation

At present, rapid transit in Bekasi across Greater Jakarta consists of a BRT TransJakarta and a commuter rail KRL Jabodetabek. KRL Jabodetabek serves from Bekasi to Jakarta Kota via Pasar Senen/Manggarai vice versa.

The TransJakarta serves commuters from Harapan Indah and Summarecon Bekasi as well as the feeder buses from Kemang Pratama and Grand Galaxy City to Jakarta city center. The Trans Patriot will operate two routes within the city. Damri shuttle bus service is available from the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Kayuringin, Harapan Indah, and Summarecon Bekasi. Taxis are widely available. The primary means of public transportation is by minibus, called Koasi. They serve certain routes throughout the city.

The main bus terminal is Terminal Bekasi, located in East Bekasi. The other terminals are Pondok Gede, Harapan Indah and Kayuringin.

Demographics

The latest official (2014) of Bekasi population was 2,663,011, giving a density of 11,900/km2 (31,000/sq mi). Bekasi is inhabited by many different ethnic groups, mostly Betawi and Javanese descent. Sundanese are the largest minority as well as other minorities include Minangkabau, Bataks, and Chinese. With Indonesia introducing identity cards as of 2011, and newcomers flood the city trying to blend in with returnees following major holidays, DKI Jakarta has clamped down on this practice with police questioning and tougher residency requirements, leading returnees to increasingly try their luck in Bekasi. However, as of 2017, crowded Bekasi has begun similar tactics to stem the flow of new arrivals contributing to uncontrolled population growth.

Most citizens in Bekasi adhere to Islam. Other religions include Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism), Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Sport

Bekasi is the home base of the soccer team Bhayangkara F.C., with Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium being the home stadium of the club. There's a golf club on Bekasi

Administration

Bekasi City is divided into 12 districts ('kecamatan'):

DistrictPopulation
(2014 census)
Jatisampura129,036
Pondok Gede282,817
Pondok Melati147,674
Jatiasih230,143
Bantar Gebang112,167
Mustika Jaya214,071
East Bekasi258,391
Rawalumbu241,859
South Bekasi221,519
West Bekasi293,144
Medan Satria178,612
North Bekasi353,578

Local Media

Kalimalang (Greater Bekasi Media)

People from Bekasi

Famous people from Bekasi include:

References

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