Bebeto in 2010
|Full name||José Roberto Gama de Oliveira|
|Date of birth||16 February 1964|
|Place of birth||Salvador, Brazil|
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|1989–1992||Vasco da Gama||53||(28)|
|1992–1996||Deportivo La Coruña||131||(86)|
|2001–2002||Vasco da Gama||8||(2)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
José Roberto Gama de Oliveira (born 16 February 1964), known as Bebeto, is a former Brazilian football player who played as a striker. He entered politics in the 2010 Brazilian General Elections and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro representing the Democratic Labour Party.
With 39 goals in 75 appearances for Brazil, Bebeto is the sixth highest goalscorer for his national team. He was the top scorer for Brazil at the 1989 Copa América as the nation went on to win the tournament. At the 1994 FIFA World Cup, he formed a formidable strike partnership with Romário to lead Brazil to a record fourth World Cup title. He was also a member of the Brazilian side that won the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup, while he won Olympic silver and bronze medals with Brazil at the 1988 and 1996 Summer Olympic Games respectively. In 1989, Bebeto was named South American Footballer of the Year.
In January 2013 and August 2014, Bebeto was named as one of the six Ambassadors of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and Rio 2016 in Brazil, others being Ronaldo, Amarildo, Marta, Carlos Alberto Torres, Mário Zagallo. His son, Mattheus, is a professional footballer.
He played for Flamengo, Vasco da Gama, Cruzeiro and Botafogo in Brazil, Deportivo La Coruña and Sevilla in Spain, Toros Neza in Mexico, Kashima Antlers in Japan, and Al Ittihad in Saudi Arabia, finally retiring in 2002.
Deportivo La Coruña
Bebeto spent four years in Spain at Deportivo La Coruña, scoring an impressive 86 goals in 131 games. Bebeto became the top scorer in La Liga in his first season at Deportivo, scoring 29 goals in the 1992–93 season. In the next season, 1993–94 season, Deportivo had the chance to win their first ever La Liga title by beating Valencia in the last match of the season. In a very evenly matched contest Deportivo had a golden opportunity to seal the victory and thus the league title. They were given a penalty kick just minutes from the end. The official penalty taker all season had been Bebeto (after Donato, who wasn't in the field), who this time, refused to take the penalty. Eventually, Miroslav Đukić took the penalty and failed (0-0), effectively handing Barcelona the title.
In 1996 Bebeto returned to play for native club Flamengo, but after just 15 games, Bebeto returned to Spain to play for Sevilla, for whom he never scored. In 1997, Bebeto joined Cruzeiro for just one match, the 1997 Intercontinental Cup final against Borussia Dortmund. Despite his presence, the Belo Horizonte side lost the match 2–0. Bebeto returned to goalscoring form at native clubs Vitória in late 1997 and Botafogo in early 1998, which saw him being picked for Brazil's World Cup defence in 1998.
In 2001, he was rejected by Scottish side St Mirren, who were willing to pay his wages but had reservations about his fitness. On 5 September 2002, he joined his final club at the age of 38, Al-Ittihad of Saudi Arabia, after pledging to join Vasco da Gama on 28 August.
For Brazil, Bebeto scored 39 goals in 75 caps after making his debut in 1985. He played in three World Cups: 1990, 1994, and 1998. In 1994, he was one of the best players of the tournament, scoring three goals for the eventual champions, and then repeated the feat four years later as Brazil finished second.
During the 1994 World Cup, Bebeto formed a fierce partnership with Romario, after they succeeded in putting their personal differences aside. Bebeto and Romario were fierce rivals in the Spanish League. Bebeto led the Spanish first division with 29 goals in 1992-93 and Romario led it with 30 goals in 1993-94. It was Romario who gave Bebeto the nickname Chorao, or Crybaby, for his habit of pouting to referees. It was also Romario who called a news conference before the World Cup to announce that he would not sit next to Bebeto on the team's flight to the United States.
Bebeto became a household name for his goal celebration in the 1994 World Cup in the United States. His wife had delivered their third child just days before a quarter-final match against the Netherlands in the scorching heat of Dallas. After scoring, Bebeto ran to the sideline, brought his arms together and began rocking an imaginary baby. Teammates Romário and Mazinho quickly joined in. That child, a boy who was named Mattheus, started his football career with the youth side of Brazilian club Flamengo.
Style of play
One of Brazil's greatest strikers, Bebeto was a prolific goalscorer and an excellent finisher, who was known for his consistency and determination throughout his career, although he was also injury-prone and was criticised for his character. Despite not being imposing physically due to his lack of height and slender physique, he was a fast and opportunistic player, who used his agility, offensive movement, and intelligence to lose his markers in tight spaces. Due to his vision, outstanding technical skills, close control on the ball, and his ability to play off other strikers and provide them with assists, he was often employed as a playmaking attacking midfielder or as a supporting striker early on in his career, drawing influence from Zico's playing style. He was later deployed as a striker or as a centre-forward, however, where he excelled, due to his eye for goal, and remained in this position for the rest of his career.
Bebeto was hired on December 16, 2009 as the América Football Club's head coach. After an average performance at the Taça Guanabara, he was sacked on February 13, 2010. He had a record of three wins, one draw and four losses.
|1989||Vasco da Gama||Série A||12||6|
|1992–93||Deportivo La Coruña||La Liga||37||29|
|1998–99||Toros Neza||Primera División||8||2|
|2000||Kashima Antlers||J1 League||8||1|
|2001||Vasco da Gama||Série A||8||2|
|Brazil national team|
|2.||1989-06-08||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||4–0||Win||Friendly|
|3.||1989-07-01||Salvador, Brazil||3–1||Win||1989 Copa América|
|4.||1989-07-09||Recife, Brazil||2–0||Win||1989 Copa América|
|5.||1989-07-09||Recife, Brazil||2–0||Win||1989 Copa América|
|6.||1989-07-12||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||2–0||Win||1989 Copa América|
|7.||1989-07-14||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||3–0||Win||1989 Copa América|
|8.||1989-07-14||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||3–0||Win||1989 Copa América|
|9.||1989-07-30||Caracas, Venezuela||4–0||Win||1990 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|10.||1989-07-30||Caracas, Venezuela||4–0||Win||1990 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|14.||1992-07-31||Los Angeles, United States||5–0||Win||1992 Friendly Cup|
|15.||1992-07-31||Los Angeles, United States||5–0||Win||1992 Friendly Cup|
|16.||1992-08-02||Los Angeles, United States||1–0||Win||1992 Friendly Cup|
|17.||1992-12-16||Porto Alegre, Brazil||3–1||Win||Friendly|
|18.||1993-07-14||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||2–0||Win||Friendly|
|19.||1993-08-01||Pueblo Nuevo, Brazil||5–1||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|20.||1993-08-01||Pueblo Nuevo, Brazil||5–1||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|21.||1993-08-15||Montevideo, Uruguay||1–1||Draw||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|22.||1993-08-22||São Paulo, Brazil||2–0||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|23.||1993-08-29||Recife, Brazil||6–0||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|24.||1993-08-29||Recife, Brazil||6–4||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|27.||1994-06-08||San Diego, United States||8–2||Win||Friendly|
|28.||1994-06-08||San Diego, United States||8–2||Win||Friendly|
|29.||1994-06-12||Fresno, United States||4–0||Win||Friendly|
|30.||1994-06-24||Palo Alto, United States||3–0||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|31.||1994-07-04||Palo Alto, United States||1–0||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|32.||1994-07-09||Dallas, United States||3–2||Win||1994 FIFA World Cup|
|35.||1996-04-24||Johannesburg, South Africa||3–2||Win||Friendly|
|36.||1997-12-06||Johannesburg, South Africa||2–1||Win||Friendly|
|37.||1998-06-16||Nantes, France||3–0||Win||1998 FIFA World Cup|
|38.||1998-06-23||Marseille, France||1–2||Loss||1998 FIFA World Cup|
|39.||1998-07-03||Nantes, France||3–2||Win||1998 FIFA World Cup|
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (Brazilian League): 1983, (Módulo Verde)1987
- Campeonato Carioca (Rio de Janeiro State League): 1986.
- Vasco da Gama
- Deportivo La Coruña
- Torneio Rio-São Paulo (Rio-São Paulo Tournament): 1998.
- Campeonato Carioca top scorer: 1988, 1989.
- Copa América top scorer: 1989.
- South American Footballer of the Year: 1989.
- South American Team of the Year: 1989.
- Bola de Prata: 1992.
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A top scorer: 1992.
- Pichichi Trophy: 1992–93.
- World Soccer: The 100 Greatest Footballers of All Time.
- Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame.
- "Juventus net son of Bebeto". football-italia.net. 14 March 2013.
- "St Mirren knock back Bebeto". BBC Sport. March 10, 2001.
- "Brazilian star Bebeto joins Ittihad club". Arab News. 5 September 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- WORLD CUP '94; For Now, Just Call It a Truce https://www.nytimes.com/1994/07/13/sports/world-cup-94-for-now-just-call-it-a-truce.html
- "Bebeto's son Matheus signs for Flamenco". thescore.ie. October 8, 2011. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 20, 2015. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
- Darwin Pastorin. "Treccani, Enciclopedia dello Sport: BEBETO (Jose Roberto Gama de Oliveira)". treccani.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- Rogério Micheletti. "QUE FIM LEVOU? Bebeto". terceirotempo.bol.uol.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- Mauro Prais (14 April 2014). "C. R. Vasco da Gama: Ídolos do Vasco B – BEBETO". netvasco.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- "FIFA Soccer 97". Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- "Bebeto". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman.
- "José Roberto Gama de Oliveira "Bebeto" - Goals in International Matches". Rsssf.com. 2003-10-25. Retrieved 2016-09-06.
- "Bebeto international goals". The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- "South American Team of the Year". January 16, 2009. Archived from the original on January 21, 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- World Soccer: The 100 Greatest Footballers of All Time Retrieved on 20 November 2015
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bebeto.|
- Bebeto – FIFA competition record
- Bebeto at National-Football-Teams.com
- Bebeto at J.League (in Japanese)