Baron of Renfrew (title)

Baron of Renfrew
Creation date 1398
Monarch Robert III
First holder David Stewart
Present holder The Prince Charles

Baron of Renfrew is a dignity held by the heir apparent to the British throne, currently Prince Charles.[1] It was held by the Scottish heir apparent beginning in 1404. It is closely associated with the title Duke of Rothesay. An act of the Scottish Parliament passed in 1469 confirmed the pattern of succession.[2] Renfrew, a town near Glasgow, is sometimes called the "cradle of the royal Stewarts."

In Scotland, barons hold feudal titles, not peerages: a Scottish lord of Parliament equates to an English or British baron. Some, however, claim that the Act of 1469 effectively elevated the Barony of Renfrew to the dignity of a peerage.[3] Others suggest that the barony became a peerage upon the Union of the Crowns in 1603. Finally, some scholars argue that the uncertainty surrounding the text of the 1469 Act leaves the barony as only a feudal dignity, not a peerage dignity.[4] The title of Lord Renfrew was used by the traveling Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII[5] and Prince Edward, Duke of Rothesay, later King Edward VIII and Duke of Windsor, when he traveled in a private capacity or when he wished to pay visits 'incognito'.[6]

Heir apparentParentFromToTitles held in addition to duke of Rothesay
David StewartRobert III1398 (created)1402 (death)Earl of Atholl (1398), Baron Renfrew (?), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (trad.)
James StewartRobert III1404 (created)1406 (acceded as James I)Earl of Carrick (1404)
Alexander StewartJames I1430 (birth?)1430 (death)
James StewartJames I1431 (created)1437 (acceded as James II)
James StewartJames II1452 (birth?)1460 (acceded as James III)
James StewartJames III1473 (birth)1488 (acceded as James IV)Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James StewartJames IV1507 (birth)1508 (death)Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
Arthur StewartJames IV1509 (birth)1510 (death)Duke of Albany (1509), Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James StewartJames IV1512 (birth)1513 (acceded as James V)Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James StewartJames V1540 (birth)1541 (death)Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew (1469), Lord of the Isles (1540), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James StuartMary I1566 (birth)1567 (acceded as James VI)Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew (1469), Lord of the Isles (1540), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
Henry FrederickJames VI1594 (birth)1612 (death)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1610), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick and Baron Renfrew (1469), Lord of the Isles (1540), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469) (The italicised henceforth "Earl of Carrick, etc. 1469 & 1540)"
Prince Charles, Duke of York and of AlbanyJames VI1612 (death of brother Henry)1625 (acceded as Charles I)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1616), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Albany (1600), Duke of York (1605), Marquess of Ormond (1600), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Ross, Lord Ardmannoch (1600)
Prince Charles JamesCharles I1629 (birth)1629 (death)Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
Prince CharlesCharles I1630 (birth)1649 (acceded as Charles II)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1638), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
Prince James Francis EdwardJames VII1688 (birth)1702 (attainted)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1688–1702), Duke of Cornwall (1337–1702), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
The Prince George, Duke of CambridgeGeorge I1714 (father's accession)1727 (acceded as George II)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1714), Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Cambridge, Marquess of Cambridge (1706), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Milford Haven, Viscount Northallerton, Baron Tewkesbury (1706)
The Prince Frederick, Duke of EdinburghGeorge II1727 (father's accession)1751 (death)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1729), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Edinburgh, Marquess of Ely (1726), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Eltham, Viscount Launceston, Baron Snowdon (1726)
The Prince GeorgeGeorge III1762 (birth)1820 (acceded as George IV)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1762), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
The Prince Albert EdwardVictoria1841 (birth)1901 (acceded as Edward VII)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1841), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Dublin (1850)
The Prince George, Duke of YorkEdward VII1901 (father's accession)1910 (acceded as George V)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1901), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of York (1892), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Inverness, Baron Killarney (1892)
The Prince EdwardGeorge V1910 (father's accession)1936 (acceded as Edward VIII)Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1910), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
The Prince CharlesElizabeth II1952 (mother's accession)CurrentPrince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1958), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)

See also

References

  1. "The Royal Family - HRH The Prince of Wales", Burke's Peerage.
  2. Chamber's Encyclopedia (1880). "By act of the Scottish parliament of 1469, the titles of prince and high steward of Scotland, duke of Rothesay, earl of Carrick, baron of Renfrew, and lord of the isles were vested in the eldest son and heir apparent of the crown of Scotland."
  3. "British titles -- Baron", Burke's Peerage. "it has sometimes been argued that the Barony of Renfrew which is one of the PRINCE OF WALES's Scottish titles such by virtue of a law of 1469 settling it on the eldest son of the King of Scots or by virtue of the union of English and Scottish crowns in 1603."
  4. The official position is given in Hansard (House of Lords - written answers) for 18 May 1999 : Column 228: Lord Williams of Mostyn (Home Office Minister): "The Barony of Renfrew is not a peerage dignity at all; it is a feudal or minor barony of Scotland."
  5. Virginius Dabney Richmond: The Story of a City 1990 Page 142 - "He was the nineteen-year-old Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, traveling under the name of "Baron Renfrew." The youthful prince arrived on October 7th 1860,"
  6. "Prince of Wales home again", Reading Eagle, Oct 21, 1923.
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