Banking in Ukraine
The history of banking in Ukraine since Ukrainian independence in 1991 has seen since the late 2000s several periods of bank mergers and acquisitions of different natures. Early 2016 117 banks were operating in Ukraine, their assets amounted to 1.254 trillion Ukrainian hryvnia.
In the years before the 2008–09 Ukrainian financial crisis stakes in Ukrainian banks were mostly acquired by foreign firms who had great hopes that the Ukrainian economy and banking system would soon start to grow rapidly and had (thanks to the flourishing economy prior to the financial crisis of 2007–08) money to invest in Ukraine and lend out. The new owners often bought banks at prices that were five to seven times above their actual value and (the banks they bought) had often a low quality of assets.
During the presidency of Viktor Yanukovych (from February 2010 until his removal from power in February 2014), the mostly foreign bank owners lost hope in the prospects of the Ukrainian economy and banking system under the then Azarov Government. Bank owners sold their assets to Ukrainian businessmen close to the government. These new owners averagely paid 0.5-1.0% of the bank’s value.
After the February 2014 Ukrainian revolution and due to the War in Donbass, Ukraine's economy shrank 6.8% in 2014 and mergers and acquisitions of banks came to a standstill. From early 2014 till November 2015, the National Bank of Ukraine declared 62 (Ukrainian) banks insolvent. In early 2016, 117 banks were operating in Ukraine with assets amounting to 1.254 trillion Ukrainian hryvnia. By August 2016, eight more financial institutions had been declared insolvent. Since July 2015, foreign firms have started to buy Ukrainian banks again. On 17 December 2016, the National Bank of Ukraine withdrew the banking license of Finance and Credit and liquidated the bank. On 1 July 2015, in terms of total assets, this was this bank placed 10th in the top 15 of largest commercial banks in Ukraine. The National Bank declared more than 60 banks insolvent in 2014-2015 and withdraw from the market another 18 financial institutions in 2016.
All Ukraine's banks combined, excluding insolvent banks, posted a loss of 66.6 billion Hryvnia in 2015. 71 banks ended 2015 with profit amounting to 5.2 billion Hryvnia.
In December 2016, PrivatBank, which holds more than a third of individual bank deposits in Ukraine, was nationalized to "save the banking system." President Poroshenko stated "It’s obvious that the only way to save the bank and ensure the safety of its clients’ funds is to bring it into state ownership".
In 2016, the solvent Ukrainian banks reduced losses compared to 2015 by three times (to 18.9 billion Hryvnia). And early 2017 the National Bank considered it possible that Ukrainian banks could reach a level of profits in 2017.
- Merge and Acquire, The Ukrainian Week (9 October 2015)
- Assets of operating banks in Ukraine grow by over UAH 6 bln monthly, UNIAN (10 November 2016)
- "Ukraine economy expected to shrink 8%". Yahoo. 2 Oct 2014.
Ukraine's Economy Contracted By 6.8 Percent In 2014, RFE/RL (20 March 2015)
- Week in numbers, UNIAN (20 October 2015)
- Director of Guarantee Fund: "We do not forgive debts", UNIAN (10 August 2016)
- NBU decides to liquidate bank Finance and Credit, Interfax-Ukraine (18 December 2015)
- (in Ukrainian) Financial statements of banks of Ukraine, as of July 1, 2015, National Bank of Ukraine
- Year of major banking cleansing, UNIAN (4 January 2017)
- Ukrainian banks post loss of over UAH 9 bln since start of year, UNIAN (10 August 2016)
- David Stern (20 December 2016). "Ukraine's 'bold' move to nationalize bank". POLITICO. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- Bank of Ukraine (in Ukrainian)