|Balqa Governorate (محافظة البلقاء)|
|Governorate of Jordan|
The city of Al-Salt is the capital of Balqa Governorate
|Cities||Fuheis, Mahis, Deir Alla|
|- coordinates||32°02′0″N 35°44′0″E / 32.03333°N 35.73333°ECoordinates: 32°02′0″N 35°44′0″E / 32.03333°N 35.73333°E|
|Area||1,120 km2 (432 sq mi)|
|Density||382/km2 (989/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||+3|
Balqa Governorate in Jordan
The governorate has the fourth largest population of the 12 governorates of Jordan, and is ranked 10th by area. It has the third highest population density in the kingdom after Irbid Governorate and Jerash Governorate.
The historical name Balqa' was applied to the entire area of the eastern plateau of the Jordan valley as early as the 7th century when Heraclius' brother Theodore fought an early campaign against the Arabs on the approaches to southern Syria.
On March 21, 1968, the town of Karameh near Shouna al-Janubiyya was the site of Battle of Karameh, between Israel on one side, and Jordan and Palestinian forces (Fatah, PLO) on the other side. It was one of the largest military confrontations of the War of Attrition, in the period between the Six-Day War of 1967 and the Yom Kippur War of 1973.
|Department||Arabic name||population (2004)||Administrative Center|
|1||Capital Department (Al-Qasaba)||لواء قصبة اﻟﺴﻠﻂ||109,877||Salt|
|2||Shuna al-Janubiyya Department||ﻟﻮاء اﻟﺸﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﺠﻨﻮﺑﻴﺔ||38,757||Shuna al-Janubiyya|
|3||Deir Alla Department||ﻟﻮاء دﻳﺮ ﻋﻼ||46,481||Deir Alla|
|4||Ain Al Basha Department||ﻟﻮاء ﻋﻴﻦ اﻟﺒﺎﺷﺎ||128,949||Ain Al Basha|
|5||Mahis and Fuheis Department||ﻟﻮاء ﻣﺎﺣﺺ واﻟﻔﺤﻴﺺ||22,290||Mahis|
|Māḥeṣ & al-Fuḥaīṣ||...||22,290||36,670|
Due to its fertile mountains, the governorate's economy is based on agriculture, and a light industry, mainly the Cement factory in Fuheis by the Jordan Cement Factories Ltd- Lafarge. Some pharmaceutical industries are based in Salt, such as the Arab Pharmaceutical Manufacturing company.
There are 2 universities in the governorate of Balqa: Balqa Applied University (BAU) located near the Salt Ringroad and Al-Ahliyya Amman University (AAU) located on the main highway between Amman and Salt. It is also home to the SESAME facility, the first research facility of its type in the Middle East.
- Howard-Johnston, James, Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century, Oxford University Press, 2010, p. 373
- 2004 Census Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Jordan: Administrative Division, Governorates and Districts". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 December 2016.