Badajoz (Congress of Deputies constituency)

Badajoz
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
Location of Badajoz within Spain
Province Badajoz
Autonomous community Extremadura
Population 686,730 (2016)
Electorate 558,228 (2016)
Major settlements Badajoz, Mérida, Don Benito, Almendralejo
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 7 (1977–1986)
6 (1986–)
Member(s)

Badajoz is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies, the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales. The constituency currently elects six deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Badajoz. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Electoral system

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of their political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][7]

Deputies

Deputies for Badajoz 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
3 4
1st 1979
3 4
2nd 1982
5 2
3rd 1986
4 2
4th 1989
4 2
5th 1993
4 2
6th 1996
3 3
7th 2000
3 3
8th 2004
3 3
9th 2008
3 3
10th 2011
2 4
11th 2015
1 3 2
12th 2016
1 2 3

Elections

2016 general election

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 149,60339.58+5.11 3+1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 133,39235.29–1.89 2–1
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 47,18212.48–2.47 1±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 40,41710.69–0.67 0±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,7660.73+0.22 0±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 6390.17–0.22 0±0
Vox (Vox) 6170.16New 0±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 6140.16+0.03 0±0
Blank ballots 2,7190.72–0.06
Total 377,949 6±0
Valid votes 377,94998.69–0.02
Invalid votes 5,0321.31+0.02
Votes cast / turnout 382,98168.61–3.73
Abstentions 175,24731.39+3.73
Registered voters 558,228
Sources[8]

2015 general election

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 148,49337.18–0.41 3+1
People's Party (PP) 137,64034.47–16.18 2–2
We Can (Podemos) 47,36811.86New 1+1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 45,35011.36New 0±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 12,3383.09–2.86 0±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 2,0410.51+0.17 0±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,5460.39–3.08 0±0
United ExtremaduraExtremadurans (EU–eX) 9510.24New 0±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 5080.13New 0±0
Blank ballots 3,1170.78–0.40
Total 399,352 6±0
Valid votes 399,35298.71–0.02
Invalid votes 5,2241.29+0.02
Votes cast / turnout 404,57672.34–1.94
Abstentions 154,67127.66+1.94
Registered voters 559,247
Sources[9]

2011 general election

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's PartyUnited Extremadura (PP–EU)1 207,06850.65+8.87 4+1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 153,69237.59–14.75 2–1
United LeftGreensIndependent Socialists: Plural Left (IU–V–SIEx) 24,3445.95+2.86 0±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 14,1743.47+2.70 0±0
Equo (eQuo) 1,8010.44New 0±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,3710.34+0.23 0±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 9860.24+0.07 0±0
Convergence for Extremadura (CEx) 5740.14New 0±0
Blank ballots 4,8321.18+0.34
Total 408,842 6±0
Valid votes 408,84298.73–0.63
Invalid votes 5,2601.27+0.63
Votes cast / turnout 414,10274.28–4.32
Abstentions 143,36625.72+4.32
Registered voters 557,468
Sources[10]

2008 general election

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 223,74952.34+0.68 3±0
People's Party (PP) 178,63441.78+0.13 3±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 13,1973.09–0.82 0±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 3,2930.77New 0±0
The Greens (LV) 1,2400.29New 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 1,0290.24–0.12 0±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 7320.17New 0±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 4730.11New 0±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 4200.10–0.05 0±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 2260.05New 0±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 1970.05–0.07 0±0
National Democracy (DN) 1840.04±0.00 0±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 1570.04+0.01 0±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 1060.02–0.01 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1040.02–0.02 0±0
Spanish Alternative (AES) 910.02New 0±0
Spain 2000 (E–2000) 880.02New 0±0
Blank ballots 3,5950.84–0.47
Total 427,515 6±0
Valid votes 427,51599.36+0.07
Invalid votes 2,7430.64–0.07
Votes cast / turnout 430,25878.60–0.72
Abstentions 117,17821.40+0.72
Registered voters 547,436
Sources[11]

2004 general election

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 219,17251.66+6.89 3±0
People's Party (PP) 176,69941.65–5.35 3±0
United LeftIndependent Socialists of Extremadura (IU–SIEx)1 16,5893.91–1.71 0±0
The Greens of Extremadura (LV) 1,8860.44–0.03 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 1,5080.36–0.07 0±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 6170.15New 0±0
Citizens for Blank Votes (CenB) 4960.12New 0±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 4230.10+0.02 0±0
Republican Left (IR) 2640.06New 0±0
Family and Life Party (PFyV) 2010.05New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1800.04–0.01 0±0
National Democracy (DN) 1730.04New 0±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS)2 1380.03±0.00 0±0
Authentic Phalanx (FA) 1200.03New 0±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 990.02New 0±0
The Phalanx (FE) 770.02–0.04 0±0
Blank ballots 5,5781.31+0.10
Total 424,220 6±0
Valid votes 424,22099.29+0.08
Invalid votes 3,0410.71–0.08
Votes cast / turnout 427,26179.32+4.13
Abstentions 111,38920.68–4.13
Registered voters 538,650
Sources[12]

2000 general election

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 187,27347.00+7.84 3±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 178,39644.77–4.00 3±0
United Left (IU) 21,4025.37–4.57 0±0
The Greens of Extremadura (LV) 1,8740.47New 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 1,7230.43New 0±0
Independent Socialists of Extremadura (SIEx) 9940.25±0.00 0±0
Extremaduran Coalition (PREx–CREx) 7230.18–0.61 0±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 3080.08–0.04 0±0
The Phalanx (FE) 2380.06New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1980.05New 0±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 1570.04New 0±0
Independent Spanish Phalanx–Phalanx 2000 (FEI–FE 2000) 1370.03–0.02 0±0
Spain 2000 Platform (ES2000) 1100.03New 0±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 860.02New 0±0
Blank ballots 4,8101.21+0.49
Total 398,429 6±0
Valid votes 398,42999.21–0.39
Invalid votes 3,1790.79+0.39
Votes cast / turnout 401,60875.19–7.86
Abstentions 132,49224.81+7.86
Registered voters 534,100
Sources[13]

1996 general election

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 208,28748.77–3.18 3–1
People's Party (PP) 167,25439.16+4.08 3+1
United LeftThe Greens–Commitment for Extremadura (IU–LV–CE) 42,4349.94+0.95 0±0
Extremaduran Coalition (CEx)1 3,3890.79+0.67 0±0
Independent Socialists of Extremadura (SIEx) 1,0730.25New 0±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 5840.14New 0±0
Centrist Union (UC) 5020.12–1.76 0±0
Workers' Revolutionary Party (PRT) 2880.07New 0±0
Independent Spanish Phalanx (FEI) 1990.05New 0±0
Blank ballots 3,0810.72+0.18
Total 427,091 6±0
Valid votes 427,09199.60+0.07
Invalid votes 1,6940.40–0.07
Votes cast / turnout 428,78583.05+1.75
Abstentions 87,51216.95–1.75
Registered voters 516,297
Sources[14]

1993 general election

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 211,12451.95–2.83 4±0
People's Party (PP) 142,56335.08+11.55 2±0
United Left of Extremadura (IU) 36,5528.99+0.97 0±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 7,6571.88–8.09 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 2,1300.52–0.39 0±0
The Greens (LV) 1,9970.49New 0±0
The Ecologists (LE) 7740.19–0.14 0±0
Extremaduran Regionalist Party (PREx) 4830.12New 0±0
Ruiz-Mateos GroupEuropean Democratic Alliance (ARM–ADE) 3940.10–0.57 0±0
Coalition for a New Socialist Party (CNPS)1 2640.06+0.02 0±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 1710.04New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1190.03–0.02 0±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 00.00New 0±0
Blank ballots 2,2060.54+0.06
Total 406,434 6±0
Valid votes 406,43499.53+0.15
Invalid votes 1,9390.47–0.15
Votes cast / turnout 408,37381.30+5.17
Abstentions 93,93118.70–5.17
Registered voters 502,304
Sources[15]

1989 general election

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 204,47354.78–2.47 4±0
People's Party (PP)1 87,83123.53–2.57 2±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 37,2159.97+1.47 0±0
United Left (IU) 29,9408.02+2.91 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 3,4060.91–0.08 0±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 2,5010.67New 0±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 1,2200.33New 0±0
Spanish Vertex Ecological Development Revindication (VERDE) 1,2110.32New 0±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 1,1620.31New 0±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC)2 9060.24–0.34 0±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 7440.20New 0±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 5410.14New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1880.05New 0±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR) 1550.04New 0±0
Blank ballots 1,7990.48–0.05
Total 373,292 6±0
Valid votes 373,29299.38+0.55
Invalid votes 2,3470.62–0.55
Votes cast / turnout 375,63976.13+1.67
Abstentions 117,76523.87–1.67
Registered voters 493,404
Sources[16]

1986 general election

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 209,62157.25–0.02 4–1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 95,56626.10+2.74 2±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 31,1108.50+7.05 0±0
United Left (IU)2 18,7275.11+0.90 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 3,6080.99–2.89 0±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 2,1250.58New 0±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 2,0230.55New 0±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 1,1000.30+0.24 0±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 2860.08New 0±0
Blank ballots 1,9550.53+0.11
Total 366,121 6–1
Valid votes 366,12198.83+0.52
Invalid votes 4,3401.17–0.52
Votes cast / turnout 370,46174.46–6.29
Abstentions 127,09825.54+6.29
Registered voters 497,559
Sources[17]

1982 general election

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 209,14457.27+19.97 5+2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 85,29623.36+19.96 2+2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 30,6478.39–36.21 0–4
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 15,3684.21–5.18 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 14,1603.88New 0±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,2881.45New 0±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 1,3100.36New 0±0
New Force (FN)2 8950.25–1.64 0±0
Spanish Solidarity (SE) 6830.19New 0±0
Communist Unity Candidacy (CUC) 6110.17New 0±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 2250.06New 0±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 400.01New 0±0
Socialist Party (PS)3 00.00–0.97 0±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 00.00New 0±0
Blank ballots 1,5300.42+0.25
Total 365,197 7±0
Valid votes 365,19798.31–0.71
Invalid votes 6,2881.69+0.71
Votes cast / turnout 371,48580.75+8.79
Abstentions 88,57119.25–8.79
Registered voters 460,056
Sources[18]

1979 general election

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 146,69944.60–2.01 4±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 122,68037.30+1.76 3±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 30,8739.39+2.52 0±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 11,1943.40–3.46 0±0
National Union (UN)3 6,2201.89+0.79 0±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)4 4,7791.45+0.42 0±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)5 3,1830.97+0.39 0±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 1,8520.56New 0±0
Republican Left (IR) 4700.14New 0±0
Communist MovementOrganization of Communist Left (MC–OIC) 3690.11New 0±0
Blank ballots 5730.17–0.03
Total 328,892 7±0
Valid votes 328,89299.02+0.03
Invalid votes 3,2400.98–0.03
Votes cast / turnout 332,13271.96–6.04
Abstentions 129,44528.04+6.04
Registered voters 461,577
Sources[19]

1977 general election

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 148,69746.61n/a 4n/a
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 107,79733.79n/a 3n/a
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 21,9326.87n/a 0n/a
People's Alliance (AP) 21,8806.86n/a 0n/a
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 5,5781.75n/a 0n/a
National Alliance July 18 (AN18) 3,5121.10n/a 0n/a
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 3,2721.03n/a 0n/a
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 3,1410.98n/a 0n/a
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 1,8350.58n/a 0n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (Authentic) (FE–JONS(A)) 7500.24n/a 0n/a
Blank ballots 6320.20n/a
Total 319,026 7n/a
Valid votes 319,02698.99n/a
Invalid votes 3,2501.01n/a
Votes cast / turnout 322,27678.00n/a
Abstentions 90,91722.00n/a
Registered voters 413,193
Sources[20]

References

  1. Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of 4 January 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish) Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. 1 2 Spanish Constitution of 1978, 29 December 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish) Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  3. Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. 1 2 General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish) Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  6. "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  7. 1 2 "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 2016. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  9. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. December 2015. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  10. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. November 2011. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  11. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2008. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2004. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  13. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 2000. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1996. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1993. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  16. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1989. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1986. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  18. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. October 1982. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  19. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. March 1979. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  20. "Electoral Results Consultation. Congress. June 1977. Badajoz". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 38°40′N 6°10′W / 38.667°N 6.167°W / 38.667; -6.167

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.