Ba-Pef is commonly portrayed as an obscure malevolent deity known from the Old Kingdom. During the Old and Middle Kingdom the priesthood of Bapef was held by queens.
- Robyn A. Gillam, Priestesses of Hathor: Their Function, Decline and Disappearance, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 32, (1995), pp. 213, JSTOR
- Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto, Wolfhart Westendorf, Stele-Zypresse, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1986, p 394
- Michael Jordan, Encyclopedia of Gods, Kyle Cathie Limited, 2002