Ba-Pef was a minor underworld god in Egyptian mythology. The name literally means that Ba, meaning that soul (ba ).

Ba-Pef is commonly portrayed as an obscure malevolent deity known from the Old Kingdom. During the Old and Middle Kingdom the priesthood of Bapef was held by queens.[1][2]

According to references among the Pyramid Texts he had a cult following and was associated in some way with pain or spiritual anguish affecting the pharaoh.


  1. Robyn A. Gillam, Priestesses of Hathor: Their Function, Decline and Disappearance, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 32, (1995), pp. 213, JSTOR
  2. Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto, Wolfhart Westendorf, Stele-Zypresse, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1986, p 394
  • Michael Jordan, Encyclopedia of Gods, Kyle Cathie Limited, 2002
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