Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
Badge of the Austrian Decoration of Honour for Science and Art
Awarded by  Austria
Type State decoration
Eligibility Austrian and foreign citizens[1]
Awarded for "...superior creative and commendable services in the areas of the sciences or the arts."[1]
Status Currently Awarded
Statistics
Established 1955[1]
Precedence
Next (higher) Varies by grade[1]
Next (lower) Varies by grade[1]

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

Cross of Honour for Science and Art

The Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (German: Österreichisches Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) is a state decoration of the Republic of Austria and forms part of the national honours system of that country.

History

The "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art" was established by the National Council as an honour for scientific or artistic achievements by Federal Law of May 1955 (Federal Law Gazette No. 96/1955 as amended BGBl I No 128/2001). At the same time, the National Council also established the "Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art", which is awarded as "Cross of Honour, First Class" (German: Ehrenkreuz 1. Klasse) and "Cross of Honour" (German: Ehrenkreuz). While not technically counted as lower classes of the Decoration for Science and Art, these crosses are nevertheless affiliated with it.

Divisions

Decoration for Science and Art

The number of living recipients of the Decoration for Science and Art is limited to a maximum of 72 at any one time (36 recipients for science and 36 for arts). In each of these two groups there are 18 Austrian cititzens and 18 foreign nationals.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Precedence

GradePrecedingFollowing
Decoration for Science and ArtGrand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star for Services to the Republic of AustriaGrand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1st ClassMilitary Merit DecorationGrand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and ArtGrand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of AustriaDecoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria

Recipients

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross (and Cross 1st Class)

Forfeiture

Forfeiture of this honour became possible with Federal Law Gazette I No 128/2001, changing Act § 8a. It allows the government to strip recipients of their honours if deemed unworthy. The best known example of such a forfeiture is of the Nazi physician Heinrich Gross.

On August 5, 2008 the Austrian Science Minister Johannes Hahn decided not to withdraw the award from inventor Johann Grander. - see also Wikipedia German version and see also Austrian ministry

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Bundespräsident.at : Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  2. "Paul Holdengraber". PEN American Center. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10.
  3. APA October 2009
  4. ORF
  5. Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art, Leo Baeck Institute, Box 1 Folder 1, retrieved August 17, 2016
  6. Haag, John. "Adolf, Helen (b. 1895)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Retrieved 10 January 2013.(subscription required)
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