|Synonyms||Bestrabucil; Busramustine; KM-2210; Kregan; Estradiol 3-benzoate 17β-((4-(4-(bis(2-chloroethyl)amino)phenyl)-1-oxobutoxy)acetate; 3-Benzoyl-17β-((4-(4-(bis(2-chloroethyl)amino)phenyl)-1-oxobutoxy)acetylestradiol|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||720.728 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Atrimustine (INN) (developmental code name KM-2210; former tentative brand name Kregan), also known as bestrabucil or busramustine, is a nitrogen mustard alkylating antineoplastic drug that was under development in Japan by Kureha Chemicals (now Kureha Corporation) for the treatment of breast cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as well as for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease in bone marrow transplant recipients. It is the benzoate ester of an ester conjugate of estradiol and chlorambucil, which results in targeted/site-directed DNA alkylating activity toward estrogen receptor-positive tissues such as breast and bone. It reached preregistration for the treatment of cancer but was ultimately discontinued. Estrogenicic side effects of atrimustine in clinical trials included vaginal bleeding and gynecomastia. The drug was first patented in 1980.
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