Asia–Europe Meeting

Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM)
Partners of ASEM in blue
Type Political Dialogue Forum
Partnership 53 Partners
Establishment 1996

The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) is an Asian–European political dialogue forum to enhance relations and various forms of cooperation between its partners. It was officially established on 1 March 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand, by the then 15 members of the European Union (EU) and the European Commission, the then 7 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the individual countries of China, Japan, and Korea.[1] A series of enlargements saw additional EU members join as well as India, Mongolia, Pakistan and the ASEAN Secretariat in 2008, Australia, New Zealand and the Russian Federation in 2010[2], Bangladesh, Norway, and Switzerland in 2012[3], as well as Croatia and Kazakhstan in 2014.[4]

The main components of the ASEM process rest on the following 3 pillars:

  • Political & Security Pillar
  • Economic & Financial Pillar
  • Social, Cultural & Educational Pillar

In general, the process is considered by the partners involved to be a way of deepening the relations between Asia and Europe at all levels, which is deemed necessary to achieve a more balanced political and economic world order. The process is enhanced by the biennial meetings of Heads of State and Government, alternately in Europe and Asia, and biennial meetings of Foreign Ministers as well as other Ministerial Meetings, and other political, economic, and socio-cultural events at various levels.


ASEM currently has 53 partners: 51 countries and 2 regional organisations. The countries are Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, the Lao PDR, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, the Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, the United Kingdom and Viet Nam, while the European Union and the ASEAN Secretariat are the regional organisations involved.


ASEM Summits

The biennial Summits, attended by the Heads of State and Government of the respective partner countries and organisations, have been held in:

ASEM Ministerial Meetings

Aside from Summits, regular Ministerial Meetings are held on foreign affairs, financial, cultural, economic, educational, labor and employment, transport, or environmental issues, attended by the relevant ministers:

ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meetings (ASEM FMM)

ASEM Finance Ministers’ Meetings (ASEM FinMM)

ASEM Culture Ministers' Meetings (ASEM CMM)

ASEM Economic Ministers' Meetings (ASEM EMM)

ASEM Education Ministers' Meetings (ASEM ME)

ASEM Labour & Employment Ministers’ Conferences (ASEM LEMC)

ASEM Transport Ministers' Meetings (ASEM TMM)

ASEM Environment Ministers' Meetings (ASEM EnvMM)

ASEM Ministerial Conference on Energy Security (ASEM ESMC)

See also


  1. Lay Hwee Yeo (2003). Asia and Europe: the development and different dimensions of ASEM. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-30697-3.
  2. ASEM ministers wrap up ‘productive’ session
  3. ASEF's Expansion
  4. "The History". Asia-Europe Foundation. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
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