Arthur, Nebraska

Arthur, Nebraska
Village
Downtown Arthur

Location of Arthur, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°34′20″N 101°41′27″W / 41.57222°N 101.69083°W / 41.57222; -101.69083Coordinates: 41°34′20″N 101°41′27″W / 41.57222°N 101.69083°W / 41.57222; -101.69083
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Arthur
Area[1]
  Total 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
  Land 0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
  Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,655 ft (1,114 m)
Population (2010)[2]
  Total 117
  Estimate (2016)[3] 119
  Density 380/sq mi (150/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
  Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 69121
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-02200[4]
GNIS feature ID 0827062[5]

Arthur is a village in, and the county seat of Arthur County, Nebraska, United States.[6] The population was 117 at the 2010 census.

History

Arthur was founded in 1913 to be the seat of Arthur County, then just organizing.[7] The town and county were both named for President Chester A. Arthur.[8] Arthur was incorporated as a village in 1944.[7] The first county office was a covered wagon, with a one-room courthouse being built in 1915. A year before that, in the Spring, a general store was constructed, and afterward a newspaper, the first church and the post office were established. A one-room highschool was also built in 1914, expanding to two rooms in 1920. In 1916 the Arthur State Bank was founded. Into the 1920s, Arthur continued to be built. The town got electricity in 1926, though most of the county would not have it until the early 1950s.

Then in 1932, the Great Depression struck Arthur, closing its bank, which was not replaced until 1939 with the Arthur County Co-op Credit Association. Following WWII, in 1950 construction of a new, large and modern highschool was completed. A new courthouse was built in 1960-1961. In 1980, the census population was 125.

Historic sites

Two sites in Arthur are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The Pilgrim Holiness Church was built in 1928 out of straw bales, in response to the region's dearth of trees or construction sod.[9] The First Arthur County Courthouse and Jail complex was built in 1914-15; the courthouse is billed as the smallest ever built in the United States.[10] Both sites are now maintained by the Arthur County Historical Society.

Geography

Arthur is located at 41°34′20″N 101°41′27″W / 41.572244°N 101.690738°W / 41.572244; -101.690738 (41.572244, -101.690738),[11] in the Nebraska Sandhills.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.31 square miles (0.80 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Arthur has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[12]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1950176
1960165−6.2%
19701756.1%
1980124−29.1%
19901283.2%
200014513.3%
2010117−19.3%
Est. 2016119[3]1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 117 people, 61 households, and 35 families residing in the village. The population density was 377.4 inhabitants per square mile (145.7/km2). There were 82 housing units at an average density of 264.5 per square mile (102.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 99.1% White and 0.9% Asian.

There were 61 households of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 42.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 23% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.60.

The median age in the village was 52.5 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13.7% were from 25 to 44; 34.2% were from 45 to 64; and 28.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 51.3% male and 48.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 145 people, 62 households, and 43 families residing in the village. The population density was 460.5 people per square mile (180.6/km2). There were 88 housing units at an average density of 279.5 per square mile (109.6/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.93% White, 0.69% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.69% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.

There were 62 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the village, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 2.8% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $24,821, and the median income for a family was $31,458. Males had a median income of $25,417 versus $15,625 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,196. There were 13.7% of families and 18.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 20.8% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Transportation

The Arthur Municipal Airport is located about one mile (about a kilometer and a half) southwest of Arthur's central business district. The runways are unpaved. The airport handles about 25 operations per year.[14]

References

  1. 1 2 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. 1 2 "Arthur, Arthur County". Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  8. "Profile for Arthur, Nebraska". ePodunk. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  9. Spencer, Janet Jeffries and D. Murphy (1979). "National Register of Historic Places InventoryNomination Form: Pilgrim Holiness Church" Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  10. Long, Barbara Beving. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: First Arthur County Courthouse and Jail. Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
  11. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. Climate Summary for Arthur, Nebraska
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. "38V: Arthur Municipal Airport". Federal Aviation Administration (republished by AirNav). January 15, 2009. Archived from the original on March 4, 2009.
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