Arrondissements of Paris

Arrondissement of Paris
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Cantons 20
Communes 1
Préfecture Paris
Area¹
  Total 105 km2 (41 sq mi)
Population (2009)
  Total 2,234,105
  Density 21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km² as well as the estuaries of rivers.
Arrondissements of Paris

The city of Paris is divided into twenty arrondissements municipaux, administrative districts, more simply referred to as arrondissements (pronounced [aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃] in French). These are not to be confused with departmental arrondissements, which subdivide the 101 French départements. The word "arrondissement", when applied to Paris, refers almost always to the municipal arrondissements listed below. The number of the arrondissement is indicated by the last two digits in most Parisian postal codes (75001 up to 75020).

Description

The twenty arrondissements are arranged in the form of a clockwise spiral (often likened to a snail shell),[1] starting from the middle of the city, with the first on the Right Bank (north bank) of the Seine. Lyon and Marseille have, more recently, also been subdivided into arrondissements.

In French, notably on street signs, the number is often given in Roman numerals. For example, the Eiffel Tower belongs to the VIIe arrondissement while Gare de l'Est is in the Xe arrondissement. In daily speech, people use only the ordinal number corresponding to the arrondissement, e.g. "Elle habite dans le sixième", "She lives in the 6th (arrondissement)".

Arrondissements

Arrondissement
(R for Right Bank, L for Left Bank)
Name Area (in km²) Population
(March 1999 census)
Population
(July 2005 estimate)
Density (2005)
(in h. per km²)
Peak of population
1st (Ie) RLouvre1.826 km2 (0.705 sq mi)16,88817,7009,693before 1861
2nd (IIe) RBourse0.992 km2 (0.383 sq mi)19,58520,70020,867before 1861
3rd (IIIe) RTemple1.171 km2 (0.452 sq mi)34,24835,10029,974before 1861
4th (IVe) RHôtel-de-Ville1.601 km2 (0.618 sq mi)30,67528,60017,864before 1861
5th (Ve) LPanthéon2.541 km2 (0.981 sq mi)58,84960,60023,8491911
6th (VIe) LLuxembourg2.154 km2 (0.832 sq mi)44,91945,20020,9841911
7th (VIIe) LPalais-Bourbon4.088 km2 (1.578 sq mi)56,98555,40013,5521926
8th (VIIIe) RÉlysée3.881 km2 (1.498 sq mi)39,31438,7009,9721891
9th (IXe) ROpéra2.179 km2 (0.841 sq mi)55,83858,50026,8471901
10th (Xe) REntrepôt2.892 km2 (1.117 sq mi)89,61288,80030,7051881
11th (XIe) RPopincourt3.666 km2 (1.415 sq mi)149,102152,50041,5981911
12th (XIIe) RReuilly16.324 km2 (6.303 sq mi)¹
6.377 km2 (2.462 sq mi)²
136,591138,3008,472¹
21,687²
1962
13th (XIIIe) LGobelins7.146 km2 (2.759 sq mi)171,533181,30025,37120055
14th (XIVe) LObservatoire5.621 km2 (2.170 sq mi)132,844134,70023,9641954
15th (XVe) LVaugirard8.502 km2 (3.283 sq mi)225,362232,40027,3351962
16th (XVIe) RPassy16.305 km2 (6.295 sq mi)³
7.846 km2 (3.029 sq mi)4
161,773149,5009,169³
19,0544
1962
17th (XVIIe) RBatignolles-Monceau5.669 km2 (2.189 sq mi)160,860160,30028,2771954
18th (XVIIIe) RButte-Montmartre6.005 km2 (2.319 sq mi)184,586188,70031,4241931
19th (XIXe) RButtes-Chaumont6.786 km2 (2.620 sq mi)172,730187,20027,58620055
20th (XXe) RMénilmontant5.984 km2 (2.310 sq mi)182,952191,80032,0521936

Notes:
1. With the Bois de Vincennes
2. Without the Bois de Vincennes
3. With the Bois de Boulogne
4. Without the Bois de Boulogne
5. 2005 is the year of the most recent official estimate; population of these arrondissements may still be growing

Each arrondissement is subdivided administratively into four quartiers. Paris thus has eighty quartiers administratifs, each containing a police station. For a table giving the names of the eighty quartiers, see Quarters of Paris.

History

On 11 October 1795, Paris was divided into twelve arrondissements. They were numbered from west to east, with the numbers 1-9 situated on the Right Bank of the Seine and the numbers 10-12 on the Left Bank. Each arrondissement was subdivided into four quartiers, which corresponded to the 48 original districts created in 1790.

Emperor Napoleon III and the Prefect of the Seine Baron Haussmann developed a plan to incorporate several of the surrounding communes into the Paris jurisdiction in the late 1850s. Parliament passed the necessary legislation in 1859, and the expansion took effect when the law was promulgated on 3 November 1859 (though city taxes were not extended to the new neighborhoods until 1 July 1860).[2] The previous twelve arrondissements were reorganized from twelve arrondissements into twenty. When Haussmann released his plan for the new boundaries and numbering system, residents of Passy objected because it placed them in the new thirteenth arrondissement, and at the time the expression "they were married in the thirteenth" was "a jocular way of referring to non-marital cohabitation". The mayor of Passy, Possoz, devised the idea of a numbering the arrondissements in a spiral pattern beginning with the first centered on the imperial palaces, which put Passy in the sixteenth.[3]

In historical records, when it is important to distinguish between two systems, the original arrondissements are indicated by adding the term ancienne ("former" or "old"), for example, 2ème ancienne or 7ème anc.

Both a city and a département (French national administrative subdivision), Paris has since 1982 and the PLM law (Paris Lyon Marseille law) both a city council and 20 arrondissement councils. The PLM law also set limits to the prerogatives of the mayor of Paris, who has to deal with the powers granted to the prefect of police on security issues. The 20 arrondissement councils (conseils d'arrondissement) are similar in operation to the municipal council (conseil municipal) but with very few powers.[4] Its members are elected at municipal elections in the same way as in municipalities with more than 3,500 inhabitants. The arrondissement council is made up of 2/3 arrondissement councilors and 1/3 of city councilors, elected in the arrondissement but who also sit on the Paris city council. At its first meeting after the elections, each arrondissement council elects its mayor.[5]

List of Arrondissements' Mayors 2014-2020

Arrondissement Arrondissement's Mayor Political party Notes
1 Jean-François Legaret UMP
2 Jacques Boutault EELV
3 Pierre Aidenbaum PS
4 Christophe Girard PS
5 Florence Berthout UMP
6 Jean-Pierre Lecoq UMP
7 Rachida Dati UMP European Deputy
8 Jeanne d'Hauteserre UMP
9 Delphine Bürkli UMP
10 Rémi Féraud PS
11 François Vauglin PS Deputy of Paris
12 Catherine Baratti-Elbaz PS
13 Jérôme Coumet PS
14 Carine Petit PS
15 Philippe Goujon UMP Deputy of Paris
16 Claude Goasguen UMP Deputy of Paris
17 Brigitte Kuster UMP Member of Île-de-France's Regional Council
18 Eric Lejoindre PS
19 François Dagnaud PS
20 Frédérique Calandra PS

See also

References

  1. Pientka, Cheryl A.; Alexiou, Joseph (2007-03-26). Paris For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470085844.
  2. Carmona, Michel (2002). Haussmann: His Life and Times and the Making of Modern Paris. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. pp. 313–5.
  3. Carmona, Michel (2002). Haussmann: His Life and Times and the Making of Modern Paris. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee. pp. 321–2.
  4. "Paris arrondissements". Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  5. "Map of Paris arrondissements". Paris Digest. 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-28.

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