Archduke Maximilian Ernest of Austria

Maximilian Ernest of Austria (17 November 1583 – 18 February 1616), was a German prince member of the House of Habsburg and by birth Archduke of Austria.

He was the son of Archduke Charles II of Austria, in turn son of Emperor Ferdinand I, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. His elder brother Archduke Ferdinand, succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor in 1619.

Life

Born in Graz, little is known about his first years of life. His first notorious presence was in 1592, when Maximilian Ernest and his mother accompanied his older sister Anna to marry King Sigismund III of Poland.[1]

Together with his brother Ferdinand and his cousins Maximilian III and Matthias, Maximilian Ernest signed a document dated 25 April 1606 in Vienna, under which his cousin, Emperor Rudolf II, was declared incapable of governing because of his mental illness and Matthias could assumed the headship of the Habsburg territories as regent.[2][3]

His cousin Maximilian III, called the German Grand Master (der Deutschmeister), allowed Maximiliam Ernest to join the Teutonic Knights in 1615,[4] and one year later, in 1616,[5] he appointed him Landkomtur of the Bailiwick of Austria.[6] Already named Coadjutor of the Teutonic Order was determined that Maximilian Ernest would succeed his cousin in the office of Grand Master, but he died unexpectedly aged thirty-two, unmarried and childless (however he left an illegitimate son, Don Carlos d'Austria, who died in 1638[7]). He was buried in the Seckau Abbey.[8]

Ancestors

References

  1. Academy of Sciences in Vienna. Historical Commission: Archiv für österreichische Geschichte, vol. XV, 1856, p. 116.
  2. Johann Sporschil, Geschichte des Entstehens, des Wachsthums und der Grösse der österreichischen Monarchie, vol. IV, F. Volckmar, 1844, p. 236.
  3. Anton Schindling, Walter Ziegler, Die Kaiser der Neuzeit: 1519-1918, C. H. Beck, 1990, p. 118.
  4. Imperial Academy of Sciences, Archiv für Österreichische Geschichte, vols. 33-34, 1865, p. 236.
  5. Friedrich Emanuel von Hurter, Geschichte kaiser Ferdinands II und seiner eltern bis zu dessen krönung in Frankfurt, Hurter Bookstore, 1850, p. 230.
  6. Johann Samuel Ersch, Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste, F. A. Brockhaus, 1830, S. 244. On-line
  7. Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy to the House of Habsburg". Genealogy.EU.
  8. Burials of the Habsburg family in Seckau
  9. 1 2 Philip I, King of Castile at Encyclopædia Britannica
  10. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor at Encyclopædia Britannica
  11. 1 2 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor at Encyclopædia Britannica
  12. 1 2 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Karl II. von Steiermark" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 6. Wikisource. p. 352.
  13. 1 2  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Joanna". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  14. 1 2 Casimir IV, King of Poland at Encyclopædia Britannica
  15. 1 2 Obermayer-Marnach, Eva (1953), "Anna Jagjello", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 299; (full text online)
  16. 1 2 Revue de l'Agenais (in French). 4. Société des sciences, lettres et arts d'Agen. 1877. p. 497.
  17. 1 2 Riezler, Sigmund Ritter von (1897), "Wilhelm IV.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 42, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 705–717
  18. 1 2 Goetz, Walter (1953), "Albrecht V.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 158–160; (full text online)
  19. 1 2 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Bayern" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 20.
  20. 1 2 Brüning, Rainer (2001), "Philipp I.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 20, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 372; (full text online)
  21. 1 2 Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (1528–1587)" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 6. Wikisource. p. 151.
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