Archbishopric of Justiniana Prima
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Archbishopric of Justiniana Prima was an Eastern Christian autonomous Archbishopric with see in the city of Justiniana Prima and jurisdiction over the Late Roman Diocese of Dacia in central parts of the Southeastern Europe.
The establishment is mentioned in Justinian's own Novel XI from 535, when he promotes the metropolitan to an archbishop, independent from the Archbishop of Thessalonica. The establishment is seen as part of the feud between Justinian and the archbishop of Eastern Illyricum, who was a papal vicar.
Its last mention is in 602, amid the Slav raids on the Balkans.
Its cathedral archiepiscpoal see was at Justiniana Prima. According to Novella 11, issued in 535, the first Archbishop received canonical jurisdiction over the following Byzantine provinces, mainly on the territory of the Diocese of Dacia:
- Dacia Mediterranea
- Dacia Ripensis
- Moesia Prima
- Macedonia Secunda
- Part of Pannonia Secunda
- Bishopric of Niš, seat at Naissopolis (Niš, Serbia)
- Catelianus (Catellian), metropolitan becoming first archbishop in 535 AD
- Johannes, fl. 595
The Archbishopric of Ohrid was seen as a successor of the old archbishopric. The bishop John Komnenos, nephew of emperor Alexios I Komnenos, resurrected the title of Archbishop of Justiniana Prima in 1143 for his own use.
Roman Catholic titular see
It has had the following incumbents, all of the archiepiscoapl (intermediary) rank:
- List of catholic dioceses in Serbia
- Curta, Florin (2001). The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, c. 500–700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Curta, Florin (2006). Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500–1250. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Janković, Đorđe (2004). "The Slavs in the 6th Century North Illyricum". Гласник Српског археолошког друштва. 20: 39–61.
- Meyendorff, John (1989). Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A.D. The Church in history. 2. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press.
- Turlej, Stanisław (2016). Justiniana Prima: An Underestimated Aspect of Justinian’s Church Policy. Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press.
- Arthur Ewans, Ancient Illyria: An Archaeological Exploration
- The challenge of our past: studies in Orthodox Canon law and Church history
- Dacia Mediterranea and Macedonia Secunda in the 6th century