Arabic-based creole languages
- Nubi: An Arabic-based creole spoken by descendants of Sudanese soldiers mainly in Kenya and Uganda, formed in the nineteenth century from a Sudanese Arabic-based pidgin used for intercommunication among Southern Sudanese ethnic groups.
- Juba Arabic: An Arabic-based pidgin or creole, spoken mainly in Equatoria Province in South Sudan
- Babalia Creole Arabic: A Shuwa Arabic-based creole spoken in 23 villages of the Chari-Baguirmi Prefecture in southwestern Chad; the substrate language was Berakou.
- Maltese language: A heavily altered Arabic-based language spoken in Malta, influenced by many European languages; most notably Italian, Sicilian, English, and French. Maltese also uses a Latin script unlike the rest of Semitic languages
Manfredi, Stefano and Mauro Tosco (eds.) 2014. Arabic-based Pidgins and Creoles. Special Issue of the Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 29:2