Apedemak or Apademak was a lion-headed warrior god worshiped by the Meroitic peoples inhabiting Nubia. A number of Meroitic temples dedicated to this deity are known from the Butana region: Naqa, Meroe, and Musawwarat es-Sufra, which seems to be his chief cult place. In the temple of Naqa built by the rulers of Meroe Apedemak was depicted as a three-headed leonine god with four arms, and as a snake with a lion head. However, he is usually depicted as a man with a lion head.
Apedemak was considered the war god of Kush. The Kushites believed that Apedemak brought victories to their armies and defeated their enemies. When Kushite pharaohs carried out military campaigns, they often claimed the support and companionship of Apedemak.
- Claude Traunecker, The Gods of Egypt, Cornell University Press 2001, ISBN 0-8014-3834-9, p.106
Ancient Sudan~ Nubia: Religion: Apedemac http://www.ancientsudan.org/religion_04_apedemac.html
- Žabkar, Louis V. Apedemak, Lion-God of Meroe: A Study in Egyptian-Meroitic Syncretism. Aris and Phillips, 1975.
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