Anne of Bohemia and Hungary

Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
Portrait by Hans Maler, c. 1519
Queen consort of Germany
Tenure 5 January 1531 – 27 January 1547
Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary
Tenure 17 December 1526 – 27 January 1547
Born 23 July 1503
Buda, Hungary
Died 27 January 1547(1547-01-27) (aged 43)
Prague, Bohemia
Burial St. Vitus Cathedral
Spouse Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
House Jagiellon
Father Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
Mother Anne of Foix-Candale
Religion Roman Catholicism

Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (Buda, Hungary, 23 July 1503 Prague, Bohemia, 27 January 1547), sometimes known as Anna Jagellonica, was Queen of the Romans (Germany), Bohemia and Hungary as the wife of King Ferdinand I, later Holy Roman Emperor.[1]


She was the elder child and only daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (1456–1516) and his third wife Anne of Foix-Candale. She was an older sister of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia. Her paternal grandparents were King Casimir IV of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, of the Jagiellon dynasty, and Elisabeth of Austria, one of the heiresses of Bohemia, duchy of Luxembourg and duchy of Kujavia. Her maternal grandparents were Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale and Catherine de Foix, Infanta of the Kingdom of Navarre.


She was born in Buda (now Budapest). The death of Vladislaus II on 13 March 1516 left both siblings in the care of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. It was arranged that Anna marry his grandson, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, second son of Queen regnant Joanna of Castile and her late husband and co-ruler, Philip I of Castile. Anna married Ferdinand on 26 May 1521 in Linz, Austria. At the time Ferdinand was governing the Habsburg hereditary lands on behalf of his older brother Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. It was stipulated that Ferdinand should succeed Anne's brother in case he died without male heirs.

Her brother Louis was killed in the Battle of Mohács against Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire on 29 August 1526. This left the thrones of both Bohemia and Hungary vacant. Ferdinand claimed both kingdoms and was elected King of Bohemia on 24 October of the same year, making Anna Queen of Bohemia.

Hungary was a more difficult case. Suleiman had annexed much of its lands. Ferdinand was proclaimed King of Hungary by a group of nobles, but another faction of Hungarian nobles refused to allow a foreign ruler to hold that title and elected John Zápolya as an alternative king. The resulting conflict between the two rivals and their successors lasted until 1571. In 1531, Ferdinand's older brother Charles V recognised Ferdinand as his successor as Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand was elevated to the title King of the Romans.

Anna and Ferdinand had fifteen children, all of whom were born in Bohemia or Hungary. Both of these kingdoms had suffered for centuries from premature deaths among heirs and a shortage of succession prospects. Meanwhile, Anna served as queen consort of Bohemia and as one of three living queens of Hungary until her death. She died in Prague, days after giving birth to her last daughter Joanna. In 1556, Charles V abdicated and Ferdinand succeeded as emperor, nine years after Anna's death.


Elisabeth9 July 152615 June 1545Married the future King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland; no issue.
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor31 July 152712 October 1576Married his first cousin Maria of Spain; had issue.
Anna7 July 152816 October/17 October 1590Married Albert V, Duke of Bavaria; had issue.
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria14 June 152924 January 1595Married Philippine Welser; had issue. Married his niece Anne Juliana Gonzaga; had issue.
Maria15 May 153111 December 1581Married Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg; had issue.
Magdalena14 August 153210 September 1590A nun.
Catherine15 September 1533 28 February 1572Married King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland; no issue.
Eleanor2 November 15345 August 1594Married William I, Duke of Mantua; had issue.
Margaret of Austria16 February 153612 March 1567A nun.
John10 April 153820 March 1539Died in childhood.
Barbara30 April 153919 September 1572Married Alfonso II d'Este; no issue.
Charles II, Archduke of Austria 3 June 154010 July 1590Married his niece Maria Anna of Bavaria; had issue (including Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor).
Ursula24 July 154130 April 1543Died in childhood
Helena7 January 15435 March 1574A nun.
Joanna24 January 154710 April 1578Married Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany; had issue.


Media related to Anne of Bohemia and Hungary at Wikimedia Commons


Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
Cadet branch of the House of Gediminid
Born: 23 July 1503 Died: 27 January 1547
Royal titles
Preceded by
Isabella of Portugal
Queen consort of Germany
with Isabella of Portugal 1531–1539
Succeeded by
Maria of Austria
Preceded by
Maria of Austria
Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary
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