In early Egyptian mythology, Anhur (also spelled Onuris, Onouris, An-Her, Anhuret, Han-Her, Inhert) was originally a god of war who was worshipped in the Egyptian area of Abydos, and particularly in Thinis. Myths told that he had brought his wife, Mehit, who was his female counterpart, from Nubia, and his name reflects this—it means (one who) leads back the distant one.
One of his titles was Slayer of Enemies. Anhur was depicted as a bearded man wearing a robe and a headdress with four feathers, holding a spear or lance, or occasionally as a lion-headed god (representing strength and power). In some depictions, the robe was more similar to a kilt.
God of war
Due to his position as a war god, he was patron of the ancient Egyptian army, and the personification of royal warriors. Indeed, at festivals honoring him, mock battles were staged. During the Roman era the Emperor Tiberius was depicted on the walls of Egyptian temples wearing the distinctive four-plumed crown of Anhur.
The Greeks equated Anhur to their god of war, Ares. In the legend of Olympian gods fleeing from Typhon and taking animal form in Egypt, Ares was said to have taken the form of a fish as Lepidotus or Onuris.
High priests of Anhur
- Amenhotep, from the time of Thutmose IV. Amenhotep's wife Henut was a songstress of Anhur. Their sons Hat and Kenna were Chariot Warriors of His Majesty. Known from a stela now in the British Museum (EA 902).
- Nebwenenef High Priest of Anhur during the reign of Sety I. Was appointed High Priest of Amun in the beginning of the reign of Ramesses II.
- Minmose, son of the High Priest of Anhur Hori and his wife Inty. From the reign of Ramesses II.
- Anhurmose, from the time of Merenptah.
- Sishepset, from the time of Ramesses III
- Harsiese, mentioned on an ostracon in Abydos
In popular culture
Anhur is a playable character in the multiplayer online battle arena, SMITE. Anhur is a hunter and bears title the Slayer of Enemies and is shown in his (anthropomorphic) lion form maintaining his beard, robe and a crown garnished with four large feathers upon it.
- Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. p. 118
- The Way to Eternity: Egyptian Myth, F. Fleming & A. Lothian, p. 56
- Turner and Coulter, Dictionary of ancient deities, 2001
- Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 28 (trans. Celoria) (Greek mythographer 2nd century AD)
- Topographical Bibliography Vol. VIII, retrieved from Griffith Institute website May 2010
- Kitchen, K.A., Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume III, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
- Porter and Moss Topographical Bibliography; Volume V Upper Egypt Griffith Institute
- "Anhur - Official SMITE Wiki". www.smitewiki.com. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Onuris.|
- Iconography of Onuris (PDF; article)