Andrew Duncan (businessman)

The Right Honourable
Sir Andrew Rae Duncan
GBE
President of the Board of Trade
In office
5 January  3 October 1940
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Winston Churchill
Preceded by Oliver Stanley
Succeeded by Oliver Lyttelton
In office
29 June 1941  4 February 1942
Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Preceded by Oliver Lyttelton
Succeeded by John Jestyn Llewellin

Sir Andrew Rae Duncan, GBE, PC (3 June 1884 1952) was a British businessman who was brought into government during the Second World War, serving twice as both President of the Board of Trade and Minister of Supply.

Duncan was a Director of the Bank of England and of Imperial Chemical Industries. He was chairman of the Central Electricity Board from 1927 to 1935, and chairman of the British Iron and Steel Federation from 1935 until 1945. He was elected as a "National" Member of Parliament (MP) for the City of London in a 1940 by-election and was made a member of the Cabinet and a Privy Counsellor. He was re-elected at the 1945 election, stepped down at the 1950 general election and died in 1952.

During his time in ministerial office, there was some concern that someone so closely involved with the iron, steel and chemical industries was in charge of their regulation. However, wartime pressures kept Duncan in post and he was undamaged. He returned to the Iron and Steel Federation after the war, working to resist the Labour government's nationalisation plans with Aubrey Jones, his assistant, later a Conservative minister.

In addition to his service in the United Kingdom, Duncan was appointed in 1926 by Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King in response to the Maritime Rights Movement to chair the Royal Commission on Maritime Claims which was thus nicknamed the "Duncan Commission".

References

    Honorary titles
    Preceded by
    The Hon. Claude Hope-Morley
    High Sheriff of the County of London
    19391940
    Succeeded by
    Basil Catterns
    Parliament of the United Kingdom
    Preceded by
    Alan Garrett Anderson
    George Broadbridge
    Member of Parliament for The City of London
    19401950
    With: George Broadbridge 19401945
    Ralph Assheton 19451950
    Constituency abolished
    Political offices
    Preceded by
    Oliver Stanley
    President of the Board of Trade
    1940
    Succeeded by
    Oliver Lyttelton
    Preceded by
    Herbert Morrison
    Minister of Supply
    19401941
    Succeeded by
    The Lord Beaverbrook
    Preceded by
    Oliver Lyttelton
    President of the Board of Trade
    19411942
    Succeeded by
    John Llewellin
    Preceded by
    The Lord Beaverbrook
    Minister of Supply
    19421945
    Succeeded by
    John Wilmot


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