Anarchism in Korea

Anarchism in Korea began in 1894, when the Empire of Japan invaded Joseon with the stated intention of protecting it from Qing dynasty. It was from within the exiles who fled to China in the wake of the independence conflict in 1919 that the modern anarchist movement in Korea arose.


The struggle for Korean independence from Japan, is referred to as the March 1st movement; anarchists played a significant role in this movement. There were 1,500 demonstrations held. 7,500 people were killed and 16,000 wounded and around 700 homes and 47 churches were destroyed. There were three stages in Korea anarchism. Prominent Korean anarchists include Kim Chwa-chin, Ha Ki-rak, Pak Yol, and Sin Chaeho. Among them, Kim Chwa-chin is known for his organization of the autonomous Shinmin region.

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