Amy Gutmann

Amy Gutmann
Amy Gutmann at the University of Pennsylvania commencement in 2009
8th President of the University of Pennsylvania
Assumed office
2004
Preceded by Judith Rodin
Personal details
Born (1949-11-19) November 19, 1949
Brooklyn, New York
Spouse(s) Michael W. Doyle
Children Abigail Doyle
Alma mater Radcliffe College
London School of Economics
Harvard University
Profession Political Scientist
University administrator

Amy Gutmann (born November 19, 1949) is the eighth president of the University of Pennsylvania, an award-winning political theorist, the author of 16 books, and a university professor. She is the current Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Political Science in Penn's School of Arts and Sciences and a professor of communication in the Annenberg School for Communication, with secondary faculty appointments in philosophy in the School of Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School of Education.[1][2] In November 2016, the school announced that her contract had been extended to 2022 which will make her the longest-serving president in the history of the University of Pennsylvania.

Gutmann's professional biography also includes a stint at Princeton as that university's provost and Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics. While there, she founded Princeton's ethics center, the University Center for Human Values. Her published works span the fields of politics, ethics, education, and philosophy. She has held board positions and advisory roles in numerous public and private organizations ranging from the Association of American Universities to the FBI to the United Nations.[3]

Early life and education

She was born in Brooklyn, New York, the only child of Kurt and Beatrice Gutmann. She was raised in Monroe, New York, a small town outside New York City.[4]

Her father was the youngest of five children in an Orthodox Jewish family in Feuchtwangen, Germany.[5][6] He was living near Nuremberg, Germany, when Adolf Hitler ascended to power.[6] He fled Nazi Germany in 1934 as a college student. After being denied asylum in the US, he brought his entire family, including four siblings, to join him in Bombay, India, where he founded a metal fabricating factory. Kurt Gutmann was still living in India in 1948 when he came to New York City for vacation. While there he attended a benefit at a Manhattan hotel, Essex House, where he met Beatrice, Amy's future mother, and the two were married weeks later.[4][7] Gutmann told Adam Bryant of The New York Times in June 2011:

The biggest influences on me for leading preceded my ever even thinking of myself as a leader—particularly my father's experience leaving Nazi Germany. Because I would not even exist if it weren't for his combination of courage and farsightedness. He saw what was coming with Hitler and he took all of his family and left for India. That took a lot of courage. That is always something in the back of my mind.[8]

Gutmann graduated from Monroe-Woodbury High School in Monroe, New York. She then entered Radcliffe College of Harvard University in 1967 on a scholarship with sophomore standing. She received an A.B. magna cum laude from Radcliffe College in 1971, followed by a M.Sc. in political science from the London School of Economics in 1972, and a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University in 1976.[9] She is the first in her family to graduate from college.[1][10]

Academic career

Princeton University

Gutmann taught at Princeton University from 1976 to 2004. In 1990, she became the first Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor at Princeton and the founding director of its University Center for Human Values, among the first and best-endowed university-wide multi-disciplinary ethics centers in the world. As provost at Princeton University from 2001 to 2004, she oversaw Princeton's plan to expand the undergraduate student body by 10% and spearheaded the recruitment from Harvard of star professor K. Anthony Appiah (co-author with Gutmann of Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race).[11]

University of Pennsylvania presidency

In her 2004 inaugural address Gutmann launched the Penn Compact,[12] her vision for making Penn both a global leader in teaching, research, and professional practice; and a dynamic agent of social, economic, and civic progress.

In 2017 she renewed and updated her vision with the Penn Compact 2022,[13] recommitting the university to these ideals and outlining the next steps: First, to increase inclusion at the University with increases in faculty and student diversity.[14] Second, to integrate knowledge across academic disciplines with a strong emphasis on innovation: As an example, Penn was named #4 in Reuters' Top 100 World Innovative Universities in 2017, up from #8 in 2016.[15] A third priority through the Compact is to have an impact locally, nationally, and globally to bring the benefits of Penn's research, teaching, and service to individuals and communities at home and around the world, most recently illustrated by one of Penn's biomedical research and clinical breakthroughs, approved by the FDA to treat cancer using a patient's own immune system.[16] The Wall Street Journal also noted that [17]"'Today the university [Penn] lays claim to having incubated the world's biggest cancer breakthrough."

Fundraising and scholarships

As president, Gutmann has overseen Penn's largest fundraising campaign ever, Making History.[18] Launched in 2007, the Making History Campaign raised a record $4.3 billion, exceeding its goal by more than $800 million. It achieved its $3.5 billion target 16 months ahead of its December 31, 2012 conclusion. It was an unusually broad-based campaign, attracting gifts from nearly 327,000 donors.[19]

Gutmann has been a leading national advocate for financial aid based on need to promote socioeconomic diversity in higher education. Gutmann made Penn one of the handful of universities in the country that substitute grants for loans for any undergraduate student with financial need. In September 2009, for the first time in Penn's history, all undergraduates eligible for financial aid received grants rather than loans in their aid packages. Students from typical families with income less than $40,000 paid no tuition, fees, room or board. Students from typical families with incomes less than $90,000 paid no tuition and fees. In 2017, one out of eight incoming Penn students were the first in their families to attend college, up from one out of 20 in 2004.[20]

In 2014, Gutmann announced Penn Compact 2020 initiatives to create up to 50 new endowed professorships utilizing matching donor funds,[21] and to raise an additional $240 million for undergraduate financial aid on top of the $360 million raised for undergraduate aid during the recently completed Making History campaign.[22] Additionally, Gutmann announced unique and unprecedented awards for undergraduate students "with the most promising plans to improve local, national, or global conditions in the year after their graduation".[23]

In March 2015, Gutmann announced the selection of five students (four projects) as winners of Penn's inaugural President's Engagement Prize.[24] The largest of their kind in higher education, the President's Engagement Prizes provide up to $150,000 annually for graduating seniors to design and implement impactful local, national, and global engagement projects.[25] In its coverage of the first awards, The Philadelphia Inquirer stated, "Penn grads win chance to change the world."[26] In October 2015, she announced Penn's President's Innovation Prize, a corollary to the Engagement Prize that is focused on commercial ventures; the first winners were announced in April 2016.[27]

Campus development

Since arriving at Penn, Gutmann has also spearheaded a major campus development plan, Penn Connects, that includes 24 acres (97,000 m2) that Penn purchased from the U.S. Postal Service along the Schuylkill River, which opened as Penn Park in September 2011.[28] Penn Connects is designed to boost the economic, educational and social capacity of Philadelphia and to create seamless gateways between West Philadelphia and Center City across the Schuylkill River.

Penn began an expansion east of the Schuylkill River with the purchase of the DuPont Marshall Laboratory in September 2010. Gutmann said that the Marshall Lab property has "infinite possibilities" as a place to nurture startups and "technology transfer", where faculty with "great discoveries can attract venture capital" and bring ideas to market.[29]

In Fall 2016, Penn opened its Pennovation Center, the anchor of a 23-acre site that the university has dubbed Pennovation Works, on a Grays Ferry site along the south bank of the Schuylkill which was once home to the DuPont Co.'s Marshall Labs (where workers discovered the substance that led to the development of Teflon). The $35 million project is about 1 1/2 miles from the center of Penn's West Philadelphia campus. A large, red-letter sign reads "Pennovation" over the three-story, 58,000-square foot facility.[30] Pennovation includes an addition that resembles a crystal formation, representing the "crystallization of ideas", and architecture critic Inga Saffron says that its unique design "announces the future", rather than harkening back to the past.[31]

Relationship with students

On December 8, 2014, the Daily Pennsylvanian reported that student protesters concerned about the death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, disrupted a holiday party for students at Gutmann's home. As a gesture of support for the students' cause, Gutmann joined them in lying on the ground to symbolize the four-and-a-half hours that Brown's body was left lying on the street in Ferguson after his death.[32] Members of the Penn police force publicly responded to the show of support, with the head of the police union writing a public letter criticizing the move and the chief of police department responding with a letter defending Gutmann's actions.[33][34]

Tenure as President

On May 8, 2012, Penn announced that Gutmann's contract had been renewed through 2019.[35] In announcing the extension, David L. Cohen, chair of Penn's Board of Trustees, stated that Penn's "Trustees feel very strongly that Amy Gutmann is simply the best university president in the country. Under her superb leadership, Penn is a stronger and more vibrant institution than at any time in its storied history."[36] In November 2016 Cohen, still Board Chairman, announced that Gutmann's contract would be extended until 2022, making her the longest-serving president ever at Penn.[37]

In 2013 Gutmann was the highest paid female university president in the United States, making more than two million dollars in total compensation.[38]

Literary career

Through her writings, Gutmann has consistently sought to bridge theory and policy to advance the core values of a civil democratic society: liberty, opportunity and mutual respect. Her first major contribution to political philosophy was her book Democratic Education (1987; revised 1999). The book addresses the central questions in the political theory of education: How should a democratic society make decisions about education? What should children be taught? How should citizens be educated? It was reviewed in Ethics as "the finest contribution to the literature on democratic education of the last seventy years" and fostered a revival of interest in the relationship between democracy and education.

The book also takes on some contemporary scholarly debates: What is the appropriate response of democratic education to the challenge of multiculturalism? Should schools try to cultivate patriotic or cosmopolitan sentiments among students?

Gutmann's second major contribution to political philosophy is a theory of deliberative democracy that she developed in collaboration with Harvard political scientist Dennis Thompson. Democracy and Disagreement (1996) calls for more reasoned argument in everyday politics. Deliberation can inform decision making through reasoned argument and develop society's collective capacity to pursue justice while finding mutually acceptable terms of social cooperation—even when disagreements persist.

Democracy and Disagreement has been praised as an effective remedy for polarized politics and criticized as impractical, as evidenced in a collection of pro and con essays published in Deliberative Politics, edited by Stephen Macedo. Defenders argue that more and better political deliberation can help all citizens. In her work Gutmann has applied the ideas of deliberative democracy to the U.S. electoral process, President Obama's Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and healthcare organization in the United Kingdom.

Gutmann's third major contribution to political philosophy is her analysis of group identity and its intersection with justice. In Identity in Democracy (2003), Gutmann argues that identity groups as such are neither friends nor enemies of democratic justice. She analyzes the legitimate but also problematic parts played by group identity in democratic politics and draws distinctions among the various types of identity group politics.

In May 2012, Gutmann published her 16th book, The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands It and Campaigning Undermines It (Princeton University Press), with co-author Dennis Thompson of Harvard. The authors posit that the difficulty of compromise is built into the democratic process itself, but so is the need for it. A better understanding and appreciation of compromise might be especially useful in this time of political polarization.[39] Paul Starr of The New Republic said The Spirit:

Provide[s] grist for thinking through the difficulties of compromise in [domestic policy], from tragic choices at desperate moments of history to the routine nastiness in American public life today... Until recently, who would have thought it necessary to offer Americans advice in the ways of compromise? We used to enjoy a reputation for being a practical-minded people, our politicians being regarded as an all-too-flexible species. But something has changed, and according to Gutmann and Thompson, the change has to do with the relation of campaigning and governing... Gutmann and Thompson end their book with recommendations to strengthen the spirit and practice of compromise."[40]

Judy Woodruff of the PBS Newshour called the book "a clear-eyed examination of the forces that bring warring political leaders together or keep them apart. I wish every policymaker would read it".[41]

Board and leadership positions

Gutmann serves on the board of directors of The Vanguard Group Corporation. From 2005 to 2009, Gutmann served on the National Security Higher Education Advisory Board, a committee that advises the FBI on national security issues relating to academia.

In 2009, Barack Obama appointed Gutmann chair of the new Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, and reappointed her in early 2012.[42][43] With a notably diverse membership—including experts from philosophy, medicine, nursing, law, religion, and engineering—the Bioethics Commission has issued seven reports[44] on a wide range of challenging issues including protections for adult and pediatric participants in medical research, and the ethics of genomics and neuroscience. The commission has championed an open and deliberative approach—its nationwide meetings all are open to the public and streamed live on the internet—and all its recommendations to the president have been unanimous.[45] Gutmann is also a member of the Asia Society's Task Force on U.S. policy toward India and the Global University Leaders Forum (GULF), which convenes at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

Gutmann is also among the leaders of a select group of presidents of research universities throughout the world that advise the United Nations Secretary-General on a range of global issues, including academic freedom, mass migration, international development, and the social responsibilities of universities, called the Global Colloquium of University Presidents.

She also serves on the board of trustees of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, a museum dedicated to the U.S. Constitution, and on the board of the Berggruen Institute, based in Los Angeles.[46][47][48]

In 2011, Gutmann was appointed to the Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences, established by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

In 2014, the Association of American Universities elected Gutmann as chair of its board of directors for a one-year term.[49] As AAU chair, Gutmann served as a spokesperson for the association, particularly on issues of special concern to research universities.

Personal life

Gutmann is married to Michael Doyle, professor of law and international affairs at Columbia University. They have one daughter, Abigail Doyle, the A. Barton Hepburn Professor of Chemistry at Princeton University. [50]

Selected works (ordered by date)

  • The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands It and Campaigning Undermines It with Dennis Thompson, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2012
  • Why Deliberative Democracy? with Dennis Thompson, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2004
  • Identity in Democracy, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2003 (Trad. esp.: La identidad en Democracia, Buenos Aires/Madrid, Katz editores S.A, 2008, ISBN 978-84-96859-33-3)
  • Goodness and Advice [title essay by Judith Jarvis Thomson], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001 [editor and introduction]
  • Human Rights [title essay by Michael Ignatieff], Princeton University Press, 2001 [editor and introduction]
  • Democratic Disagreement (a collection of essays on Democracy and Disagreement with a response by the authors), edited by Stephen Macedo, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999
    • New edition with Preface and Epilogue, 1999
  • The Lives of Animals [title essay by J. M. Coetzee], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999 [editor and introduction]
  • Freedom of Association, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1998 [editor and first chapter]
  • Work and Welfare [title essay by Robert Solow], Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1998 [editor and introduction]
  • A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law [title essay by Antonin Scalia], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997 [editor and introduction]
  • Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race, with Anthony Appiah, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996
  • Democracy and Disagreement, with Dennis Thompson, Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996
  • Multiculturalism and The Politics of Recognition [title essay by Charles Taylor], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992 [editor and introduction]
    • Expanded paperback edition: Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, 1994
  • Democracy and the Welfare State, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988 [editor]
  • Democratic Education, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987
  • Ethics and Politics: Cases and Comments, with Dennis Thompson, Chicago, Ill.: Nelson-Hall, 1984
    • Third edition, 1997
    • Fourth edition 2005
  • "What's the use of going to school?" in Sen, Amartya; Williams, Bernard, eds. (1982). Utilitarianism and beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 261–277. ISBN 9780511611964. 
  • Liberal Equality, New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1980

Awards and honors

References

  1. 1 2 "Biography". upenn.edu.
  2. Smallwood, Scott and Birchard, Karen. "Women at the Top." Chronicle of Higher Education, July 20, 2001; 47:45, 7.
  3. "Amy Gutmann Biography" (PDF). Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  4. 1 2
  5. The Daily Pennsylvanian | Gutmann remembers father's Holocaust experience
  6. 1 2 Amy Gutmann | Princeton Magazine
  7. Amy Aims East - Philadelphia Magazine
  8. Adam Bryant (18 June 2011). "Welcoming the Wild Ideas of the Week". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  9. Penn: Office of the President: Dr. Amy Gutmann: Curriculum Vitae Archived January 12, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. Retrieved 2015-03-13.
  11. Jacques Steinberg, "A Harvard Star in Black Studies Joins Princeton," New York Times, January 26, 2002, pA11
  12. "From the President and Provost". upenn.edu.
  13. "The Penn Compact 2020 : Office of the President : University of Pennsylvania". upenn.edu.
  14. "The Penn Compact 2020 : Office of the President : University of Pennsylvania" (PDF). upenn.edu.
  15. Inc., Reuters. "World's Most Innovative Universities, 2017". Reuters. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  16. Grady, Denise. "FDA Approves First Gene-Altering Leukemia Treatment, Costing $475,000". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  17. Finley, Alyssia. "How HIV Became a Cancer Cure". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  18. "PennGiving". upenn.edu.
  19. Snyder, Susan (March 1, 2013). "University of Pennsylvania fundraising campaign exceeds goal by nearly $1 billion". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  20. "Penn Compact 2020: Inclusion". upenn.edu. 19 July 2017.
  21. Snyder, Susan (March 5, 2014). "Penn Announces 50 New Professorships". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  22. Onifade, Fola. "Penn Announces $240 Million Financial Aid Campaign". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  23. Snyder, Susan (June 12, 2014). "Penn grads: Want to change the world? Now, there's a prize" (June 12, 2014). Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  24. "Penn News - President Gutmann Announces 2015 President's Engagement Prize Winners at Penn". upenn.edu.
  25. "The Daily Pennsylvanian -  :: Gutmann announces inaugural President's Engagement Prize winners". thedp.com.
  26. "Penn grads win chance to change the world". Philly.com. 25 March 2015.
  27. "Gutmann Announces Winners of Inaugural President's Innovation Prize". thedp.com. 20 April 2016.
  28. Crimmens, Peter (September 14, 2011). "Penn Park Opens Vistas and Green Space to all Philadelphians". Newsworks.org. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  29. Loyd, Linda (June 18, 2012). "University of Pennsylvania Expands East of the Schuylkill". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  30. Pennovation: Where ideas go to grow up
  31. Changing Skyline: At Pennovation, UPenn creates a lab for the social media age
  32. "The Daily Pennsylvanian -  :: Protesters take over Gutmann's holiday party". thedp.com.
  33. "Penn's president feels heat from her police for 'die in'". philly-archives.
  34. "The Daily Pennsylvanian -  :: Guest Column by Vice President for Public Safety Maureen Rush". thedp.com.
  35. DiStefano, Joseph (May 8, 2012). "Penn Boss Gutmann Renews Contract Through 2019". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  36. Staff Report, Tribune (May 9, 2012). "UPenn Renews President's Contract". Philadelphia Tribune. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
  37. http://www.bizjournals.com/philadelphia/news/2016/11/29/penn-president-amy-gutmann-contract-extended-2022.html
  38. "The Chronicle of Higher Education". chronicle.com.
  39. "Q&A with Amy Gutmann & Dennis Thompson on The Spirit of Compromise". Princeton University Press Blog.
  40. Paul Starr. "Paul Starr: Cockroaches and Compromise - The New Republic". The New Republic.
  41. "The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands It and Campaigning Undermines It: Amy Gutmann, Dennis Thompson: 9780691153919: Amazon.com: Books". amazon.com.
  42. "President Obama Establishes New Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, Names Commission Leadership". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28.
  43. "President Obama Reappoints Gutmann and Wagner". bioethics.gov. Archived from the original on 2014-10-23.
  44. "Projects". bioethics.gov. Archived from the original on 2014-12-16.
  45. Synthetic Biology Does Not Need Regulation Now, Panel Says - The New York Times
  46. "National Constitution Center, Board of Trustees". National Constitution Center Web Site. National Constitution Center. 2010-07-26. Archived from the original on 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
  47. Board of Directors | Berggruen
  48. "#IdeasMatter: Interview with Nicolas Berggruen". American Philosophical Association. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  49. "AAU ELECTS UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA PRESIDENT AMY GUTMANN AS NEW CHAIR". Association of American Universities. 21 October 2014. Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  50. "The Doyle Group - About Abby".
  51. https://globenewswire.com/news-release/2018/06/07/1518420/0/en/I-Have-A-Dream-Foundation-Honors-Amy-Gutmann-Maria-Hinojosa-Chieh-Huang-Lowell-Davis-at-Annual-Spirit-of-the-Dream-Gala.html
  52. http://fortune.com/longform/worlds-greatest-leaders-2018/#amy
  53. "2017 Powerful Voice Awards". womensway.org. 20 July 2017.
  54. "Johns Hopkins Announces 2017 Honorary Degree Recipients". jhu.edu. 19 July 2017.
  55. "Penn's Gutmann to receive leadership diversity award". Philly.com. 11 March 2015.
  56. "The Daily Pennsylvanian -  :: Gutmann honored for anti-discrimination progress". thedp.com.
  57. "Dr Amy Gutmann becomes LSE Honorary Fellow". lse.ac.uk.
  58. "Columbia Announces 2012 Honorary Degree Recipients". April 12, 2012. Archived from the original on July 26, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  59. "2012 Women Against MS Luncheon to Honor Penn President Amy Gutmann". Yahoo Finance. 2 April 2012.
  60. "Gutmann, Jamieson Named Distinguished Daughters of Pennsylvania". upenn.edu.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Judith Rodin
Presidents of the University of Pennsylvania
2004–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Jeremiah P. Ostriker
Provost of Princeton University
2001-2004
Succeeded by
Christopher L. Eisgruber
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