Amdavad Municipal Corporation

Amdavad Municipal Corporation
Type
Type
History
Founded 1873
Leadership
Mayor
Bijalben Patel,(BJP)
Shri Vijay Nehra, IAS
Deputy Mayor
Dineshbhai Makwana
Chairperson of Standing Committee
Amolbhai Bhatt
Leader of Opposition
Dinesh Sharma[1]
Seats 192
Motto

उद्योग स्वाश्रय सेवा(Handwork, Self-Reliance, Service)
Meeting place
Sardar Patel Bhavan, Ahmedabad
Website
www.egovamc.com

The Amdavad Municipal Corporation, or the AMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act (1949), is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Ahmedabad.

History

Ahmedabad Municipality was founded in 1873, which became a borough municipality in 1926. Ahmedabad Municipality was upgraded to Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in 1950.[2]

General Elections

The general elections for the elected wing of the corporation is held every 5 years, the last election being in 2015. Previously, 1/3 of the seats were reserved for women, but the current amount is 1/2. There are 62 wards which will be soon reduced to 50 wards. The last election was held for 62 wards consisting of 186 seats. Bharatiya Janata Party secured a majority, winning 148 seats, with the second-place Indian National Congress winning 38. 3 seats were won by independents.

Services

As per section 63 and 66 of the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation Act, the AMC is responsible for certain obligatory and discretionary services.

Obligatory services

  • Erection of boundary of city defining city limits.
  • Watering, Scavenging and Cleansing of all public streets and places
  • Sewage services
  • Drainage services
  • Fire services
  • Health & Medical services
  • Street Lighting services
  • Maintenance of a monuments & open spaces
  • Identification of streets & houses
  • Regulation and abatement of offensive and dangerous trades or practices
  • Maintenance of burial houses and funeral homes
  • Construction or acquisition of public markets and slaughter houses
  • Construction or acquisition of cattle-pounds
  • Primary education services
  • Health and hygiene services
  • Construction, maintenance and alternation of bridges
  • Water supply services
  • Preventing and checking the spread of dangerous diseases
  • The securing or removal of dangerous buildings and places
  • Construction of conservancy staff quarters
  • Maintenance of relief works in scarcity, floe etc.

Discretionary services

  • Construction and maintenance of maternity homes & infant welfare houses
  • Maintenance of central laboratories
  • Swimming pool and other public health services
  • Tree plantation on road sides
  • Construction and maintenance of public parks and gardens
  • The holding of exhibition, athletics or games
  • The maintenance of an ambulance services
  • Construction and maintenance of theaters, community halls and museums etc.
  • Building or purchase of staff quarters
  • Construction and maintenance of public transport facilities
  • Construction and maintenance of educational institutes
  • Construction and maintenance of infirmaries and hospitals
  • The destruction of animals and birds causing a nuisance
  • Construction and maintenance of factory for the disposal of sewage
  • The building or purchase and maintenance of suitable dwellings for the poor and working classes
  • Provision of shelter to homeless persons and poor relief
  • Surveys of buildings or lands
  • Measures to meet any calamity affecting the public in the city any measure to promote public safety, health, convenience or instruction

Achievements

AchievementYearByRemark
CRISIL National Award 20032003Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd.Best Financial Management System
International Best Practices 20042004CMA International City/Country Management Association, Washington D.CBest Practices in City Civic Centers & eGovernance
Prime Ministers Award for excellence in "Urban Design & Concept"2004Prime Minister of IndiaExcellence In "Urban Design and Concept to Sabarmati River Front Development Project"
UNHABITAT Dubai International Awards2006-Best Practices to Improve the Urban Environment (Slum Networking Project)
Commitment to Reforms2007Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd.Excellence In Municipal Initiatives 2007 (A Leader among Category A- Mega Cities)
India Tech Excellence Awards2008India Tech FoundationMain Streaming Urban Poor Slum Networking to improve habitat Of Urban Poor & providing livelihood opportunities
National Urban Water Awards2008Ministry of Urban DevelopmentEffective Water Supply Management & successful development of market based Financing System
Horizontal Transfer of ICT-based Best Practice GOLD Awards2008Government of IndiaBest Practise in e-Governance
eGovernance, eIndia 20092009Centre For Science Development and Media Studies (CSDMS)ICT Enabled Municipal Initiative Of the Year
Urban Environmental Accord2009-Being The most Committed City In India for Urban Environmental Accord
Best Mass Transit Systeme2009Government of Indiaanmarg – Ahmedabad BRTS Project
International Awards on Sustainable Transport Award2010TRB at Washington DC USA-
National Award for Innovations in servicing the needs of the Urban Poor2010Govt. of India, India Urban Space Foundation, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)& the World Bank-
International Award of Outstanding Innovation in Public Transport2010International Transport Forum (ITF) and International Association for Public Transport (UITP)Ahmedabad Janmarg Ltd. – Ahmedabad BRTS
The Largest Metropolitan Region in Gujarat, perhaps the most market-oriented and business-friendly of Indian states and the third Fastest growing city in the world2010Forbes Magazine-
Knowledge and Research Award201059th UITP World CongressJanmarg – BRTS Ahmedabad
Daring Ambition Award20109th UITP World CongressJanmarg – BRTS Ahmedabad
Initiatives for Social Housing201041st ANNIVERSARY OF HUDCO-
Innovative Infrastructure Development201041st ANNIVERSARY OF HUDCO-
AIILSG Nagar Ratna Award2011President of IndiaBest Performing City

Administration

The corporation is headed by a Municipal Commissioner, an IAS officer who is appointed by the government of Gujarat. He discharges the executive power of the house. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into 5 zones—Central, East, West, North and South. In 2006, a new zone has been formed, named the "New West Zone." The area covered in this zone was formerly governed by the Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority.

Wards

Each zone is further divided into 9 wards (with the exception of the South Zone, which is divided into 7 wards). Each ward is represented by 4(Minimum 2 female) corporators. An election is held to elect corporators to power. The mayor heads the party, with the largest number of corporators elected. The post of mayor is largely ceremonial, however.

Track Record and Reforms

Civilian confidence stems from the fact that the city government has proven their efficiency in delivering services. Over the years, AMC has faced growth challenges effectively and provided urban services at a level significantly higher than the national averages, making it one of the top tier service providers in the country. Coverage levels in water supply, solid waste collection and sewer disposal are well above national averages.

The recent focus on city transportation, encroachment removal and cleanliness has been maintained with impressive improvements over the past. More roads have been resurfaced, more encroachments removed and more solid waste collected recently than in any comparable period in the past.

AMC’s service delivery is matched by its high quality of governance, which has set benchmarks for other municipal corporations in the country. AMC has undertaken several novel initiatives including:

  • Issuing municipal bonds: AMC was the first municipality in Asia to have accessed the capital markets, and enjoys a high credit rating (AA+ by CARE). This has been made possible by AMC’s sound financial management, which has resulted in a healthy revenue surplus in recent years.
  • Implementing property tax reforms: Ahmedabad was the first large city in India to have implemented property tax reforms, and set a "zero litigation" record. CRISIL recognized this as the best urban practice in financial management and extended the CRISIL Award for Excellence in Municipal Initiatives to AMC in 2004 for setting benchmarks in the areas of e-governance, slum improvement and other urban management areas.
  • Environmental improvement: The civic centers of Ahmedabad are a model in governance, which has greatly benefited citizens. Not surprisingly, these models are being adopted by several other cities.
  • Implementing the public private partnership model in municipal transport: This novel step, involving 220 environment-friendly CNG buses, led to 33 per cent reduction in AMC’s operating costs. AMC intends to procure 180 more CNG buses.

References

  1. "Bus services opting for diesel over cleaner CNG". The Times of India. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  2. Cases In Financial Management, 2/E By Pandey & Bhat; pp-7
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