Amaya (web editor)

Amaya 11.3 under Windows 7
Developer(s) W3C, INRIA
Initial release July 1996 (1996-07)[1]
Stable release 11.4.4 (January 18, 2012 (2012-01-18)) [±]
Preview release 11.4.7 (July 23, 2013 (2013-07-23)) [±]
Written in C
Operating system Windows, OS X, Linux
Platform IA-32, x86-64
Available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Hungarian, Georgian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, Chinese, Finnish, Dutch, Slovak, Ukrainian[2][3]
Type HTML editor, web browser
License W3C

Amaya (formerly Amaya World)[4] is a discontinued free and open source WYSIWYG web authoring tool[5] with browsing abilities.

It was created by a structured editor project at the INRIA, a French national research institution, and later adopted by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) as their testbed for web standards;[6] a role it took over from the Arena web browser.[7][8][9] Since the last release in January 2012, INRIA and the W3C have stopped supporting the project and active development has ceased.[10][11]

Amaya has relatively low system requirements, even in comparison with other web browsers from the era of its active development period, so it has been considered a "lightweight" browser.[12]


Ramzi Guetari joined the team in October 1996.[13] Daniel Veillard was responsible for the integration of CSS in Amaya and maintained the Linux version.[13]

The last change of code of Amaya was on Feb 22, 2013.[14]


  • Access keys
  • Caret navigation
  • Page zooming
  • Password management
  • Spell checking
  • Transport protocols
  • Support for CSS, MathML, SVG, RDF and Xpointer
  • Displays free and open image formats such as PNG and SVG, as well as a subset of SVG animation.

Codebase timeline

Amaya originated as a direct descendant of the Grif WYSIWYG[15] SGML editor created by Vincent Quint and Irène Vatton at INRIA in the early 1980s,[13] and of the HTML editor Symposia, itself based on Grif, both developed and sold by French software company Grif SA.

Originally designed as a structured text editor (predating SGML) and later as an HTML and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) editor, it was then expanded to include XML-based capabilities such as XHTML,[15] MathML[15] and Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG).[15]

A test bed application

It was used as a test-bed for new web technologies that were not supported in major browsers.[12][16]

Amaya was the first client that supported the RDF annotation schema using XPointer.[17][18][19][20] The browser was available for Linux,[21] Windows (NT and 95),[21] Mac OS X, AmigaOS, SPARC / Solaris,[21] AIX,[21] OSF/1.[21]

Amaya was formerly called Tamaya.[22] Tamaya is the name of the type of tree represented in the logo, but it was later discovered that Tamaya is also a trademark used by a French company, so the developers chose to drop the first letter to make it "Amaya".[23]

See also


  1. "About Thot". INRIA. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
  2. Vatton, Irène (9 December 2009). "Amaya Binary Releases". World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  3. "Amaya Frequently Asked Questions Section I.7. Can I change the dialogue language?". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  4. "Internet Browsers". 24 Mar 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  5. Dubie, Bill; Sciuto, Dave (30 November 2006). "Amaya a win for Web coding". Seacoast online. Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  6. "History of the Web". Oxford Brookes University. 2002. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  7. Lafon, Yves; Lie, Håkon Wium (15 June 1996). "Welcome to Arena". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
  8. Bowers, Neil. "Weblint: Just Another Perl Hack".
  9. Bos, Bert; Lie, Håkon Wium (April 1997). Cascading style sheets: designing for the Web. Addison Wesley Longman. p. 263. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  10. Laurent Carcone (9 April 2013). "Re: When will the next release be posted?". Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  11. "Welcome to Amaya". W3C. Retrieved 8 March 2014. The application was jointly developed by W3C and the WAM project (Web, Adaptation and Multimedia) at INRIA. It is no more developed.
  12. 1 2 Klimkiewicz, Kamil (18 January 2003). "Lightweight Web Browsers". freshmeat. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  13. 1 2 3 "W3C Alumni". World Wide Web Consortium. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
  14. move write password call
  15. 1 2 3 4 Quint, Antoine (21 November 2001). "SVG: Where Are We Now?". Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  16. Vincent Quint; Irène Vatton (20 February 1997). "An Introduction to Amaya". World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
  17. Dumbill, Edd (9 May 2001). "Reports from WWW10". Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  18. "Annotea Project". World Wide Web Consortium. 2 March 2001. Archived from the original on 4 February 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  19. Dodds, Leigh (13 November 2000). "Annotate the Web with Amaya and RDF". XMLhack. Archived from the original on 17 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  20. "W3C Annotea Project Supports Collaboration on the Web". Coverpages. 9 March 2001. Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 Evans, Peter (7 September 2003). "Optimized for no one, but pretty much OK with . ." Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  22. Bert Bos (11 March 1996). "Re: tamaya tigers". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  23. "Amaya Frequently Asked Questions". World Wide Web Consortium. 26 February 2009. Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009.
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