Alveolar lateral ejective affricate

Alveolar lateral ejective affricate
tɬʼ
IPA number 103 (148) 401
Also ƛ’
Encoding
Entity (decimal) t͡ɬʼ
Unicode (hex) U+0074U+0361U+026CU+02BC
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The alveolar lateral ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is t͡ɬʼ (or tɬʼ), and in Americanist phonetic notation it is ƛ’ (lambda bar).

Features

Features of the alveolar lateral ejective affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Avarкьалаб [t͡ɬʼalab] 'hostile'
Haidasttluujagadang[st͡ɬʼuːt͡ʃakataŋ]'Sapsucker'
KabardianBaslaneyлӏы [t͡ɬʼə] 'man'Corresponds to [ɬʼ] in other dialects.
Lillooetst'át'imcets[ˈst͡ɬʼæt͡ɬʼemxət͡ʃ]'Lilooet language'
Navajotłʼóoʼdi [t͡ɬʼóːʔtɪ̀] '(at) the outside'
Sahaptinƛ’ɨƛ’k[mɨˈt͡ɬʼɨt͡ɬʼk]'mud'
Tlingittlʼeex [t͡ɬʼix] 'garbage'
Tsezкьиш [t͡ɬʼɪʃ] 'splinter'

Proto-Semitic *ṣ́ is believed to have been an alveolar lateral ejective affricate.

See also

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