Alveolar ejective fricative

Alveolar ejective fricative
IPA number 132 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal) sʼ
Unicode (hex) U+0073U+02BC
X-SAMPA s_>
Kirshenbaum s`
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The alveolar ejective fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .

Features

Features of the alveolar ejective fricative:

  • Its manner of articulation is sibilant fricative, which means it is generally produced by channeling air flow along a groove in the back of the tongue up to the place of articulation, at which point it is focused against the sharp edge of the nearly clenched teeth, causing high-frequency turbulence.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
AdygheShapsugсӏэ [sʼa] 'name'Corresponds to [tsʼ] in other dialects.
Ganza[1]:101[sʼásʼà]‘fat, thick’
HausaAllophone of /tsʼ/ in some dialects
Lakota
Tlingiteek [sʼiːk] 'bear'
Upper Necaxa Totonac[ˈsʼa̰ta̰]'small'

See also

References

  1. Smolders, Joshua (2016). "A Phonology of Ganza" (pdf). Linguistic Discovery. 14 (1): 86–144. doi:10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.470. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
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