Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
President Hans van Baalen MEP
Group leader Guy Verhofstadt MEP
Founded 26 March 1976[1]
Headquarters Rue d'Idalie 11,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Think tank European Liberal Forum
Youth wing European Liberal Youth
Ideology Liberalism[2]
Political position Centre
International affiliation Liberal International
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours                Dark blue, light blue, magenta
     Yellow (customary)
European Parliament
57 / 751
European Council
8 / 28
European Lower Houses
636 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
244 / 2,714

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. On 26 March 1976, it was founded in Stuttgart as a confederation of national political parties under the name Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe and renamed European Liberals and Democrats (ELD) in 1977 and European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) in 1986. On 30 April 2004, the ELDR was reformed as an official European party, the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party).[3] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International[4] and a recognised European political party, incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law.

On 10 November 2012, the party chose its current name of ALDE Party, taken from its European Parliament group, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), which had been formed on 20 July 2004 in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party had been represented through its own group, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists (ELDR) Group.

As of 2018, ALDE is represented in European Union institutions, with 68 MEPs and 5 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are eight with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands, Xavier Bettel (DP) in Luxembourg, Jüri Ratas (Estonian Centre Party) in Estonia, Charles Michel (MR) in Belgium, Miro Cerar (SMC) in Slovenia, Juha Sipilä (KESK) in Finland, Andrej Babiš (ANO) in the Czech Republic and Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Venstre) in Denmark. Liberals are also in government in three other EU member states: Croatia, Romania and Lithuania.

ALDE's think tank is the European Liberal Forum. The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Vedrana Gujic (HNS, Croatia), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2014, and counts 200,000 members.



The day-to-day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[5]

Office Name State member Party member
ALDE Leader in the European Parliament Guy Verhofstadt MEP Belgium OpenVLD
ALDE President Hans van Baalen MEP Netherlands VVD
ALDE Secretary-General Jacob Moroza-Rasmussen Denmark Venstre
ALDE Secretary-General
of the Parliamentary Group
Alexander Beels Netherlands VVD
ALDE Vice-Presidents Luis Garicano Spain Cs
Timmy Dooley TD Ireland FF
Fredrick Federley MEP Sweden CP
Ilhan Kyuchyuk MEP Bulgaria DPS
Markus Löning Germany FDP
Angelika Mlinar MEP Austria NEOS
Henrik Bach Mortensen Denmark Venstre
Joanna Schmidt MEP Poland Modern
Annelou van Egmond Netherlands Democrats 66
ALDE Treasurer Roman Jakič Slovenia ZSD
ALDE in the Council of Europe Honorary President Anne Brasseur Luxemburg DP
ALDE Leader in the European Committee of the Regions Bart Somers Belgium OpenVLD
President of the European Liberal Youth Sissel Kvist Denmark Radikal Ungdom



History of pan-European liberalism

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. On 26 March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established in Stuttgart. The founding parties of the federation were the Free Democratic Party of Germany, Radical Party of France, Liberal Party of Denmark, Italian Liberal Party, Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democratic Party of Luxembourg.[6] Observer members joining later in 1976 were the Danish Social Liberal Party, French Radical Party of the Left and Independent Republicans, British Liberal Party, and Italian Republican Party.[6] In 1977, the federation was renamed European Liberals and Democrats, in 1986, European Liberal Democrats and Reformists.

It evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR Party) in 2004, when it was founded as an official European party under that name and incorporated under Belgian law at an extraordinary Congress in Brussels, held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union. At the same time the matching group in the European Parliament, the European Liberal Democrats and Reformists Group allied with the members of the newly elected European Democratic Party, forming the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) with a matching ALDE Group in the European Parliament.

On 10 November 2012, the ELDR Party adopted the name of the alliance between the two parties, in order to match the parliamentary group and the alliance.

European Council and Council of Ministers

European Commissioners

ALDE Member Parties contribute 5 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo

Andrus Ansip Vice-President, European Commissioner for Digital Single Market RE

Cecilia Malmström European Commissioner for Trade L

Violeta Bulc European Commissioner for the Energy Union SMC

Czech Republic
Věra Jourová European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality ANO

Margrethe Vestager European Commissioner for Competition RV

Elected Representatives of Member Parties

European institutions

OrganisationInstitutionNumber of seats
 European UnionEuropean Commission
5 / 28
 European UnionEuropean Council
(Heads of Government)
7 / 28
 European UnionCouncil of the EU
(Participation in Government)
11 / 28
 European UnionEuropean Parliament
47 / 751
 Council of EuropeParliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National Parliaments of European Union member states

CountryInstitutionNumber of seatsMember parties
 AustriaNational Council
10 / 183
 BelgiumChamber of Representatives
Lower house
34 / 150
MR, Open Vld
Upper house
13 / 60
MR, Open Vld
 BulgariaNational Assembly
25 / 240
13 / 151
 Czech RepublicChamber of Deputies
Lower house
78 / 200
Upper house
6 / 81
42 / 175
 EstoniaState Council
57 / 101
59 / 200
Kesk., SFP, C
 FranceNational Assembly
Lower house
18 / 577
Upper house
42 / 348
80 / 631
1 / 199
Lower house
44 / 158
Upper house
13 / 60
 ItalyChamber of Deputies
Lower house
2 / 630
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
1 / 315
14 / 141
 LuxembourgChamber of Deputies
13 / 60
 MaltaHouse of Representatives
2 / 67
 NetherlandsHouse of Representatives
Lower house
52 / 150
VVD, D66
Upper house
23 / 75
VVD, D66
Lower house
22 / 460
.Nowoczesna, UED
Senat of Poland
Upper house
0 / 100
.Nowoczesna, UED
 RomaniaChamber of Deputies
Lower house
18 / 329
Upper house
12 / 136
 SloveniaNational Assembly
14 / 90
 SpainCongress of Deputies
Lower house
40 / 350
C's, CDC
Upper house
8 / 266
C's, CDC
41 / 349
C, L
 United KingdomHouse of Commons
Lower house
12 / 650
Lib Dems
House of Lords
Upper house
98 / 793
Lib Dems
Gibraltar Parliament
3 / 17
Liberal Party of Gibraltar

National Parliaments outside the European Union

CountryInstitutionNumber of seatsMember parties
 AndorraGeneral Council
8 / 28
 ArmeniaNational Assembly
0 / 131
 AzerbaijanNational Assembly
0 / 125
0 / 150
Republican, FD
0 / 63
9 / 101
1 / 81
9 / 169
  SwitzerlandNational Council
Lower house
31 / 200
FDP.The Liberals
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP.The Liberals

Member parties

Country or Region Party MEPs
 AustriaNEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum
1 / 18
 Belgium (Dutch)Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats
3 / 12
 Belgium (French)Reformist Movement
2 / 8
 BulgariaMovement for Rights and Freedoms
4 / 17
 BulgariaNational Movement for Stability and Progress
0 / 17
 CroatiaCroatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
1 / 11
 CroatiaCroatian Social Liberal Party
0 / 11
 CroatiaIstrian Democratic Assembly
1 / 11
 CyprusUnited Democrats
0 / 6
 Czech RepublicANO 2011
4 / 21
 DenmarkDanish Social Liberal Party
2 / 13
 DenmarkVenstre – Liberal Party of Denmark
1 / 13
 EstoniaEstonian Centre Party
1 / 6
 EstoniaEstonian Reform Party
2 / 6
 FinlandCentre Party
3 / 13
 FinlandSwedish People's Party of Finland
1 / 13
 Åland Islands
Åland Centre
0 / 13
 FranceUnion of Democrats and Independents
2 / 74
 GermanyFree Democratic Party
3 / 96
0 / 21
 HungaryHungarian Liberal Party
0 / 21
 IrelandFianna Fáil
1 / 11
 ItalyItalian Radicals
0 / 73
 LatviaLatvian Development
0 / 8
 LithuaniaLabour Party
1 / 11
 LithuaniaLithuanian Freedom Union (Liberals)
0 / 11
 LithuaniaLiberals' Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
2 / 11
 LuxembourgDemocratic Party
1 / 6
 MaltaDemocratic Party
0 / 6
 NetherlandsDemocrats 66
4 / 26
 NetherlandsPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy
3 / 26
0 / 51
 PolandUnion of European Democrats
0 / 51
 PortugalIniciativa Liberal
0 / 21
 RomaniaAlliance of Liberals and Democrats
1 / 32
 SloveniaModern Centre Party
0 / 8
 SloveniaAlliance of Alenka Bratušek
0 / 8
2 / 54
 SpainCatalan European Democratic Party
1 / 54
 SwedenCentre Party
1 / 20
 SwedenThe Liberals
2 / 20
 United KingdomLiberal Democrats
1 / 73
 United Kingdom
Liberal Party of Gibraltar
0 / 73

Outside the EU





 Bosnia and Herzegovina











See also


  1. as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe"
  2. Wolfram Nordsieck (2015). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  3. "European Liberal Democrats change party name to ALDE Party | ALDE Party". Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  5. "Members of the Bureau | ALDE Party". Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  6. 1 2 Dimitri Almeida (2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. Taylor & Francis. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0.
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