Early life and education
Shamkhani was born on 29 September 1955 in Ahvaz, Khuzestan. His family are of Iranian Arab origin. Before the Iranian Revolution, Shamkhani was member of a clandestine Islamist guerilla group named Mansouroun (lit. The Victors), engaging in armed struggle against Pahlavi dynasty. After the revolution, he joined the Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization. He studied engineering at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.
Shamkhani served as the commander of the IRGC navy with the rank of rear admiral. Later he also commanded the Artesh navy in addition to the IRGC navy. He was appointed as the Minister of Revolutionary Guards in 1988.
Then he held the post of the minister of defense from August 1997 until August 2005 in the government of Mohammad Khatami. Shamkani was replaced by Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar in the post. Shamkhani also ran for office in the 2001 presidential elections.
He was the director of the Iranian Armed Forces' Center for Strategic Studies from 2005 to 2013. He is also military advisor to the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Awards and honors
In 2003, Shamkhani received Shoja'at Medal, highest military medal from President Mohammad Khatami. He was also honored for his eight years service as minister of defence in 2005. In 2004, Shamkhani received Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud, highest Medal in Saudi Arabia from King Fahd for his prominent role in the design and implementation in developing relations with Arabic countries in the Persian Gulf. He is the first Iranian minister to receive the medal.
- عنوان : اولين مراسم اهدا نشان فتح Navide Shahed
- Biography Hamshahri Online
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- علی شمخانی، دبیر شورای عالی امنیت ملی ایران شد Shafaqna
- علی شمخانی گزینه اصلی تصدی گری وزارت کشور روحانی Barfaaz
| Second-in-Command of the IRGC
June 1982 – 24 September 1989
Yahya Rahim Safavi
Mohammad Hossein Malekzadegan
| Commander of the Army's Navy
30 October 1989 – 27 August 1997
| Commander of the IRGC Navy
23 December 1990 – 27 August 1997
Ali Akbar Ahmadian
| Minister of Revolutionary Guards
20 September 1988 – 21 August 1989
| Minister of Defense
20 August 1997 – 24 August 2005
| Secretary of the SNSC
10 September 2013 – present