Algeria–Turkey relations are foreign relations between Algeria and Turkey. Algeria has an embassy in Ankara, and a general consulate in Istanbul. Turkey has an embassy in Algiers. Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
In 2017, one of the symbols for the 500-year old friendship between Turkey and Algeria, the Ketchaoua Mosque in Algiers, was restored with Turkish funds. Restoration was one of the projects related to "Friendship and Cooperation Agreement" signed during the Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's visit to Algeria in 2006.
History as a Mediator
History has been in the core of both sides officials' discourse regarding the Algeria-Turkey relations. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Turkey) describes it as: "Turkey and Algeria share common history as well as deep-rooted cultural and brotherly ties." In order to consolidate relations between the two countries a cultural and historical symposium was organized in 2017. During the meeting Algerian Minister of Culture Azzedine Mihoubi said "We need to increase the number of such activities on our common history and look more into our history belonging to the Ottoman period".
Turkey first voted unfavorable (1955) and then abstained (1958) in the voting on Algeria's independence at the UN. The main reason to that was Turkey's aim to get closer with France and favoring Algerian Independence would negatively affect France–Turkey relations. However, this decision of Turkish oficcials were later critiqued as propensity for shorttermism and damaged biliteral relations. First step to restore the situation was taken by then Prime Minister of Turkey Turgut Özal. He visited Algeria in 1985 and explicitly apologized for Turkey's unfavorable voting. Following year Algerian Prime Minister Abdelhamid Brahimi's paid a visit (first official Algerian visit to Turkey) and signed an oil trade deal with Turkey. In 1999, Turkish President Süleyman Demirel stated that negative connotations of Turkey's abstaining vote in 1958 are totally erased. Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika paid a visit to Turkey in 2005. Mutual visits have been a turning point to strengthen bilateral relations as well as reviving friendship between the countries."
Algeria is a partner for Turkey with increasing importance in Africa and considered to be an important partner in the Islamic world and Africa for Turkey. Meanwhile Algeria is a close partner of Iran. In fact, Algeria was one of the countries that abstained from voting on a 2012 UN draft resolution condemning human rights violations by the Assad regime which is supported by Iran. Iranian officials have also previously underlined that Iran and Algeria have the capacity to create a new world order. Aware of this situation, Turkey seems determined not to leave its potential African partners in the hands of rival regional and global powers. Therefore, In 2013, Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan paid a visit to Algeria and met Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algiers. Increasing cooperations, both economic, political and security, were placed.
"We see Algeria as an island of political and economic stability in the region. Our first trading partner in Africa is Algeria." said Turkish President Erdoğan and he added:"Therefore, around one thousand Turkish firms are in Algeria carrying on businesses with an investment volume of 3.5 billion dollars." Algeria is Turkey's 23th largest export market and 25th largest supplier of goods imports with a total trade volume of 4.5 billion while Turkey is Algeria's 6th biggest economic partner. Algeria's most exported good to Turkey is oil hydrocarbons and natural gas. Algeria imports construction material the most from Turkey. Algeria is the 4th biggest natural gas supplier of Turkey with %8 percent of the share.
In 2003, Turkish-Algerian ministers sign a security memo against drug, human trafficking and organized crimes. Both sides describe terrorism as a big problem and discuss upon uniting struggles against such groups and organizations. By the October of the same year, a military cooperation agreement was framed. The agreement included clauses such as technology transfer, common military drills and exchange of military information. Turkey, as a NATO member, plays a significant role on the thawing relations between the group and Algeria, due to the important of Algeria for regional security of Africa and MENA. Turkey is also increasingly becoming an important weapon exporter to Algeria and military cooperation between two countries are growing as well, giving the status of Algerian People's National Armed Forces as one of the well-trained, battle-hardened and professional Arab militaries.
From Algeria to Turkey:
|Dates||Head of State||Ref.|
|April 1986||Prime Minister Abdelhamid Brahimi|
|February 2–4, 2005||President Abdelaziz Bouteflika|
From Turkey to Algeria:
|Dates||Head of State||Ref.|
|February 4–6, 1985||Prime Minister Turgut Özal|
|January 17–20, 1988||President Kenan Evren|
|January 25–26, 1999||President Süleyman Demirel|
|May 22–23, 2006||Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
|June 4–5, 2013||Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
|November 19–20, 2014||President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
|February 26–27, 2018||President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan|
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- "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Hükümeti ile Cezayir Demokratik Halk Cumhuriyeti Hükümeti Arasında Askeri İşbirliği (Çerçeve) Anlaşması". Grand National Assembly of Turkey. 5 May 2005.
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- "Algeria, Turkey to cooperate on Defence Industry". Defence.pk. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
- People's Democratic Republic of Algeria's Embassy in Ankara (in French) (in Turkish)
- Embassy of Turkey in Algeria (in French) (in Turkish)