Alamo Bowl

Alamo Bowl
Valero Alamo Bowl
Stadium Alamodome
Location San Antonio, Texas
Operated 1993–present
Conference tie-ins Big 12 (1995–present)
Pac-12 (1993–1994; 2010–present)
Previous conference tie-ins Southwest (1993–1994)
Big Ten (1995–2009)
Payout US$3,825,000 (As of 2015)
Builders Square (1993–1998)
Sylvania (1999–2001)
MasterCard (2002–2005)
Valero Energy Corporation (2007–present)
Former names
Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998)
Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001)
Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard (2002)
MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2003–2005)
Alamo Bowl (2006)
2016 matchup
Colorado vs. Oklahoma State (OSU 38–8)
2017 matchup
TCU vs Stanford[1] (TCU 39–37)

The Alamo Bowl, is a NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision college football bowl game played annually since 1993 in the Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. Since 2010 it matches the second choice team from the Pac-12 Conference and the second choice team from the Big 12 Conference. Traditionally, the Alamo Bowl has been played in December, although it was played in January following the 2009, 2014, and 2015 seasons.

Since 2007, the game has been sponsored by Valero Energy Corporation and officially known as the Valero Alamo Bowl. Previous sponsors include MasterCard (2002–2005), Sylvania (1999–2001), and Builders Square (1993–1998).


The game was previously known as the Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998), the Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001) and the MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2002–2005). The logo of the event has evolved to reflect the changes in sponsorship. On May 24, 2007 the Alamo Bowl announced a partnership with San Antonio-based Valero Energy Corporation, and thus the bowl's full name was changed.

The game originally gave an automatic invite to a team from the now-defunct Southwest Conference (SWC). However, in 1993, only two of the eight SWC teams finished with the necessary 6 wins against Division I-A teams to become bowl-eligible, and those two teams were already committed to other bowls, so the Iowa Hawkeyes were invited instead. The SWC was able to provide teams for the next two seasons (Baylor Bears in 1994 and Texas A&M Aggies in 1995) before the conference disbanded.

During the 1996 Alamo Bowl, the Iowa Hawkeyes wore plain black helmets (removing their tigerhawk logo and gold stripe) in honor of linebacker Mark Mitchell's mother, who died in a car accident while traveling to San Antonio for the game.

The 2002 Alamo Bowl played between the Colorado Buffaloes and Wisconsin Badgers was the first Alamo Bowl to go into overtime, with the unranked Badgers defeating the No. 14 ranked Buffaloes after kicking a field goal to win 31–28, completing a perfect non-conference schedule at 6-0 (the Badgers finished with a 2-6 record in the Big Ten). The 2008 Alamo Bowl between the Missouri Tigers and Northwestern Wildcats also went into overtime, with the Tigers defeating the Wildcats 30–23.

The 2005 Alamo Bowl ended with one of the most controversial plays in bowl game history.[2] During the multi-lateral play, almost the entire Nebraska Cornhuskers team and coaching staff as well as half of the Michigan Wolverines sideline came onto the field, and the Cornhuskers gave their coach a Gatorade shower before the play was blown dead. It drew parallels to 1982's "The Play", 2000's "Music City Miracle", and 2002's "Bluegrass Miracle". Nebraska would win the game 32−28 after Michigan was not able to reach the endzone.

The 2007 Alamo Bowl between the Penn State Nittany Lions and the Texas A&M Aggies was attended by 66,166, an Alamodome facility-record crowd for a sporting event, breaking the previous record set by the Iowa Hawkeyes and Texas Longhorns in the 2006 Alamo Bowl. The Nittany Lions won the game 24–17.[2][3]

The Alamo Bowl has sold out seven of its sixteen games (1995, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2011).[4]

On August 28, 2009, the Alamo Bowl organizers announced they had reached an agreement with the then Pac-10 Conference to replace the Big Ten Conference in the Alamo Bowl. Under the terms of the agreement, the now Pac-12 Conference's (Pac-12) second-choice team earns a bid to the Alamo Bowl. The agreement took effect beginning with the 2010 college football season.[5] The Pac-12's second-choice team was previously contracted to play in the Holiday Bowl against the third choice from the Big 12. The Big 12's third choice also moved to the Alamo Bowl, and the Holiday Bowl now gets third choice of team from the Pac-12 and the fourth choice from the Big 10.

In the 2011 Alamo Bowl the Baylor Bears and Washington Huskies combined to score 123 points, breaking the record for the most points scored in a bowl game in college football history. Baylor won the game 67-56. The 2011 game was also the first Alamo Bowl to feature the season's Heisman Trophy winner, Baylor's Robert Griffin III.

Media coverage

The Alamo Bowl has produced eight of the top 20 most-watched bowl games in ESPN history. In 2006, the Alamo Bowl featured the Texas Longhorns and the Iowa Hawkeyes in a game that earned a 6.0 rating, making it the most-watched college football game in ESPN history as more than 8.83 million viewers saw the telecast.[6]

Game results

Date Winning team Losing team Attendance Notes
December 31, 1993California37Iowa345,716notes
December 31, 1994#24 Washington State10Baylor344,106notes
December 28, 1995#19 Texas A&M22#14 Michigan2064,597notes
December 29, 1996#21 Iowa27Texas Tech055,677notes
December 30, 1997#16 Purdue33#24 Oklahoma State2055,552notes
December 29, 1998Purdue37#4 Kansas State3460,780notes
December 28, 1999#13 Penn State24#18 Texas A&M065,380notes
December 30, 2000#8 Nebraska66#19 Northwestern1760,028notes
December 29, 2001Iowa19Texas Tech1665,232notes
December 28, 2002Wisconsin31#14 Colorado28 (OT)50,690notes
December 29, 2003#22 Nebraska17Michigan State356,229notes
December 29, 2004#24 Ohio State33Oklahoma State765,265notes
December 28, 2005Nebraska32#20 Michigan2862,016notes
December 30, 2006#18 Texas26Iowa2465,875[3]notes
December 29, 2007Penn State24Texas A&M1766,166notes
December 29, 2008#25 Missouri30#22 Northwestern23 (OT)55,986notes
January 2, 2010Texas Tech41Michigan State3164,757notes
December 29, 2010#16 Oklahoma State36Arizona1057,593notes
December 29, 2011#15 Baylor67Washington5665,256notes
December 29, 2012#23 Texas31#13 Oregon State2765,277notes
December 30, 2013#10 Oregon30Texas765,918notes
January 2, 2015#14 UCLA40#11 Kansas State3560,517notes
January 2, 2016#11 TCU47#15 Oregon41 (3OT)64,569notes
December 29, 2016#12 Oklahoma State38#10 Colorado859,815notes
December 28, 2017#13 TCU39#15 Stanford3757,653[7]notes


Two MVPs are selected for each game; one offensive player and one defensive player.

YearOffensive MVPDefensive MVP
1993Dave BarrCaliforniaQBJerrott WillardCaliforniaLB
1994Chad DavisWashington StateQBRon ChildsWashington StateLB
1995Kyle BryantTexas A&MKKeith MitchellTexas A&MLB
1996Sedrick ShawIowaRBJared DeVriesIowaDL
1997Billy DickenPurdueQBAdrian BeasleyPurdueS
1998Drew BreesPurdueQBRosevelt ColvinPurdueDE
1999Rashard CaseyPenn StateQBLaVar ArringtonPenn StateLB
2000Dan AlexanderNebraskaRBKyle Vanden BoschNebraskaDL
2001Aaron GrevingIowaRBDerrick PickensIowaDL
2002Brooks BollingerWisconsinQBJeff MackWisconsinLB
2003Jammal LordNebraskaQBTrevor JohnsonNebraskaDL
2004Ted Ginn Jr.Ohio StateWR/PR/KRSimon FraserOhio StateDE
2005Cory RossNebraskaRBLeon HallMichiganCB
2006Colt McCoyTexasQBAaron RossTexasCB
2007Rodney KinlawPenn StateRBSean LeePenn StateLB
2008Jeremy MaclinMissouriWR/PR/KRSean WeatherspoonMissouriLB
Jan. 2010Taylor PottsTexas TechQBJamar WallTexas TechCB
Dec. 2010Justin BlackmonOklahoma StateWRMarkelle MartinOklahoma StateS
2011Terrance GanawayBaylorRBElliot CoffeyBaylorLB
2012Marquise GoodwinTexasWRAlex OkaforTexasDE
2013Marcus MariotaOregonQBAvery PattersonOregonSS
2015Paul PerkinsUCLARBEric KendricksUCLALB
Jan. 2016Bram KohlhausenTCUQBTravin HowardTCULB
Dec. 2016James WashingtonOklahoma StateWRVincent TaylorOklahoma StateDT
2017Kenny HillTCUQBTravin HowardTCULB
Fred Jacoby Sportsmanship Award

The bowl's sportsmanship award is named after Fred Jacoby, who served as SWC commissioner from 1982 to 1993.[8]

Year Player Team Position Ref.
1993Larry BlueIowaDT[9]
1994Adrian RobinsonBaylorDB[10]
1995Jarrett IronsMichiganLB[11]
1996Shane DunnTexas TechOT[12]
1997Kevin WilliamsOklahoma StateDB[13]
1998Jarrod CooperKansas StateDB[14]
1999Jason WebsterTexas A&MCB[15]
2000Zak KustokNorthwesternQB[16]
2001Anton PaigeTexas TechWR[17]
2002Zac ColvinColoradoQB[18]
2003Joe TateMichigan StateOG[19]
2004Donovan WoodsOklahoma StateQB[20]
2005Steve BreastonMichiganWR[21]
2006Mike ElginIowaOL[22]
2007Mark DodgeTexas A&MLB[23]
2008Rasheed WardNorthwesternWR[24]
Jan. 2010Ross WeaverMichigan StateDB[25]
Dec. 2010David DouglasArizonaWR[26]
2011Senio KelemeteWashingtonOG[27]
2012Storm WoodsOregon StateRB[28]
2013Carrington ByndomTexasCB[29]
2015Tyler LockettKansas StateWR[30]
Jan. 2016Rodney HardrickOregonLB[31]
Dec. 2016Sean IrwinColoradoTE[32]
2017Harrison PhillipsStanfordDT[33]

Most appearances

Teams with multiple appearances
Rank Team Appearances Record
T1Oklahoma State42–2
T3Texas A&M31–2
T3Texas Tech31–2
T7Penn State22–0
T7Kansas State20–2
T7Michigan State20–2
Teams with a single appearance

Won: California, Missouri, Ohio State, UCLA, Washington State, Wisconsin
Lost: Arizona, Oregon State, Stanford, Washington

Appearances by conference

Through the December 2017 playing, there have been 25 games (50 total appearances).

Rank Conference Appearances Wins Losses Pct.
1Big 12221210.545
2Big Ten1688.500
3Pac-12[a 1]1046.400
  1. Includes appearances by teams in what was the Pac-10. From 1993 through 2010, Pac-10 teams made three appearances and were 2–1.

See also


  1. "Valero Alamo Bowl". Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "NCAA VALERO ALAMO BOWL 2011 Baylor Bears vs Washington Huskies Online HD Channel". December 28, 2011. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Alamo Bowl crowd sets Alamodome record". Bevo Beat (blog). December 30, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-30.
  4. 2006 Alamo Bowl Media Guide, pp. 1–22, (PDF) Archived 2007-10-31 at the Wayback Machine., The San Antonio Bowl Association.
  5. "Valero Alamo Bowl, Pacific-10 Conference agree on deal starting in 2010 season". 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  6. 2006 Alamo Bowl ranks as ESPN's most-watched bowl game,, January 3, 2007.
  8. "Ex-SWC Commissioner Fred Jacoby, 80, dies". Longview News-Journal. Longview, Texas. March 16, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2017 via
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