Al-Bayhaqi

Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn al-Bayhaqi
Title Imam al-Bayhaqi
Born Ramadan 384 AH / October 994
Bayhaq, now Sabzevar, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran
Died 10 Jumadi al-Awwal, 458 AH/ 9 April 1066 (aged 72)
Nishapur, now Khorasan, Iran
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i[1]
Creed Ash'ari [2][3][4][5]
Main interest(s) Hadith, Shafi'i fiqh
Notable work(s) Sunan al-Kubra, Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat

Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn Ibn 'Alī ibn Mūsa al-Khosrojerdi al-Bayhaqi (Arabic) , البيهقي also known as Imām al-Bayhaqi was born 994 CE/384 AH in the small town of Khosrowjerd near Sabzevar, then known as Bayhaq, in Khurasan.[8] During his lifetime, he became a famous Sunni hadith expert, following the Shafi'i school in fiqh and the Ash'ari school of Islamic theology.[2][3][4]

Biography

Al-Bayhaqi's full name is أحمد بن الحسين بن علي بن موسى الخراساني البيهقي المشهور بالبيهقي.

Al-Bayhaqi was a scholar of fiqh of the Shafi'i school of thought, as well as of that of hadith. He studied fiqh under Abū al-Fatḥ Nāṣir ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn Muḥammad al-Naysaburi as well as Abul Hasan Hankari. He also studied hadith under Hakim al-Nishaburi, Abu Mansur Al-Baghdadi and others, and was al-Nishaburi's foremost pupil. He died in 1066 CE.

Works

Bayhaqi was a prominent author in his time, having authored more than one thousand volumes according to Al-Dhahabi.[9] Among the most well-known books authored by him are:

  • Al-Sunan al-Kubra, commonly known as Sunan al-Bayhaqi
  • Ma`arifa al-Sunan wa al-Athar (sometimes referred to as Al-Sunan al-Wusta[10])
  • Bayan Khata Man Akhta`a `Ala al-Shafi`i (The Exposition of the Error of Those who have Attributed Error to al-Shafi`i)
  • Al-Mabsut, a book on Shafi`i Law
  • Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat (The Divine Names and Attributes)
  • Al-I`tiqad `ala Madhhab al-Salaf Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama`a
  • Dala'il al-Nubuwwah (The Signs of Prophethood)
  • Shu`ab al-Iman (The branches of faith)
  • Al-Da`awat al-Kabir (The Major Book of Supplications)
  • Al-Zuhd al-Kabir (The Major Book of Asceticism)

References

  1. A.C. Brown, Jonathan (2014). Misquoting Muhammad: The Challenge and Choices of Interpreting the Prophet's Legacy. Oneworld Publications. p. 105. ISBN 978-1780744209.
  2. 1 2 Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  3. 1 2 Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch., eds. (1960). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 90-04-08114-3.
  4. 1 2 Holtzman, Livnat. "Does God Really Laugh?" - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185.
  5. Brown, Jonathan (2013). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon (Islamic History and Civilization). Brill. p. 219. ISBN 9004158391.
  6. Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam, By Scott C. Lucas, pg. 98
  7. https://books.google.com/books?id=RwPnCAAAQBAJ&pg=PA197&lpg=PA197&dq=abu+mansur+al+baghdadi+teacher+of+al+bayhaqi&source=bl&ots=fsSctRrQGT&sig=Ex3dJvQCPQ3GADkfYFcOhT82Aes&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjni_Xlq-DOAhUOgx4KHYVYATMQ6AEIKDAC#v=onepage&q=abu%20mansur%20al%20baghdadi%20teacher%20of%20al%20bayhaqi&f=false
  8. Imam Bayhaqi
  9. The Classification of Hadith, by Dr. Suhaib Hassan
  10. http://baladmhwir.blogspot.com/2013/02/wer-ist-shaykh-al-islam-al-hafiz-abu.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)


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