Ajam of Iraq
|Regions with significant populations|
|Karbalā', Najaf, Baṣrah|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Ajam of Kuwait, Ajam of Bahrain|
Saddam Hussein deported most Iraqi Ajams in the 1970s and 1980s.
In the 1970s, Saddam Hussein deported between 350,000 to 650,000 Shia Iraqis of Iranian ancestry (Ajam). Most of them went to Iran. Those who could prove an Iranian/Persian ancestry in Iran's court received Iranian citizenship (400,000) and some of them returned to Iraq after Saddam.
Iraqi Persians belong to Twelver Shīʿa Islam, the same religion that most Iraqis belong. However, a significant portion of them are from Sayyid Iranian families of Arab origin which were moved to Iran under the Safavids and returned to Arab lands after the Afghan invasion in the 1720s. Some even being descended from offshoots of the al-Sadr and al-Musawi clans.
- U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI)
- "Hamshahri Newspaper (In Persian)". hamshahri.org. Retrieved 12 November 2014.