Agencies of the European Union

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the European Union
European Union portal

An agency of the European Union is a decentralised body of the European Union (EU), which is distinct from the institutions. Agencies are established to accomplish specific tasks. Each agency has its own legal personality. Some answer the need to develop scientific or technical know-how in certain fields, others bring together different interest groups to facilitate dialogue at European and international level.

There are over 40 agencies, divided into 4 groups:[1]

Current agencies

Decentralised agencies

Distinct from the EU institutions, the agencies of the European Union are specialist bodies set up to advise the EU and Member States in areas that affect everyone living in the EU. They are located in countries across the EU, from Dublin to Helsinki, Tallinn to Lisbon providing services, information and know-how. The total budget of all the decentralised agencies is approximately 0.8% of the EU’s annual budget.

The EU Agencies Network brings together more than 40 agencies to exchange information and good practices and increase the visibility of their work, helping to benefit institutions and citizens throughout the EU.

The European Space Agency has been proposed as a future agency of the EU.[2]

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Est. Members and observers
European Agency for Safety and Health at WorkEU-OSHA BilbaoSpain1994members: EU states, European Commission[3]
European Centre for the Development of Vocational TrainingCedefopThessalonikiGreece1975members: EU states
observers: Iceland, Norway[4]
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working ConditionsEUROFOUND DublinIreland1975members: EU states, European Commission
observers:EFTA[5]
European Environment AgencyEEA CopenhagenDenmark1994members: EU states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey[6]
co-operating: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
European Institute of Innovation and TechnologyEIT BudapestHungary2010members: EU states
European Training FoundationETF TurinItaly1994members: EU states, European Commission[7]
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug AddictionEMCDDA LisbonPortugal1993members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament, Norway
observers: Turkey[8]
European Medicines AgencyEMA London (1995-2019)[lower-alpha 1]
 Amsterdam (2019-)
United Kingdom (1995-2019)[lower-alpha 1]
The Netherlands (2019-)
1995members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[10]
European Union Intellectual Property Office[11]EUIPO[12] AlicanteSpain1999members: EU states, European Commission[13]
Community Plant Variety OfficeCPVO AngersFrance1994members: EU states, European Commission[14]
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European UnionCdT Luxembourg CityLuxembourg1994members: EU states, European Commission[15]
European Food Safety AuthorityEFSA ParmaItaly2002members: EU states
observers European Commission, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland
European Maritime Safety AgencyEMSA LisbonPortugal2002members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Norway[16]
European Aviation Safety AgencyEASA CologneGermany2003members: EU states, European Commission, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland[17]
observers: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, UNMIK[18]
European Network and Information Security AgencyENISA HeraklionGreece2005members: EU states[19]
European Centre for Disease Prevention and ControlECDC StockholmSweden2005members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway[20]
European GNSS AgencyGSA PragueCzech Republic2004members: EU states, European Commission
observers: Norway, European Space Agency[21]
European Railway AgencyERA Valenciennes and  LilleFrance2004members: EU states, European Commission, Norway[22]
European Fisheries Control AgencyEFCA VigoSpain2005members: EU states, European Commission[23]
European Chemicals AgencyECHA HelsinkiFinland2007members: EU states, European Commission, European Parliament
observers: Iceland, Norway[24]
European Institute for Gender EqualityEIGE VilniusLithuania2007members: EU states[25]
European Defence AgencyEDA BrusselsBelgium2004members: EU states without Denmark; European Commission
participant: Norway
European Institute for Security StudiesISS ParisFrance2001
European Union Satellite CentreSatCen MadridSpain2002
The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training CEPOL BudapestHungary2005members: EU states
associates: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland[26]
European Union Agency for Law Enforcement CooperationEuropol The HagueThe Netherlands1999members: EU states
European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operationEurojust The HagueThe Netherlands2002members: EU states
Fundamental Rights AgencyFRA ViennaAustria2007members: EU states, European Commission, Council of Europe[27]
Body of European Regulators of Electronic CommunicationsBEREC RigaLatvia2010members: EU states, European Commission[28]
European Systemic Risk BoardESRB FrankfurtGermany2010[29]
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy RegulatorsACER LjubljanaSlovenia2011
European Banking AuthorityEBA London (2011-2019)[lower-alpha 1]
 Paris (2019-)
United Kingdom (2011-2019)[lower-alpha 1]
France (2019-)
2011[30]
European Securities and Markets AuthorityESMA ParisFrance2011[31]
European Insurance and Occupational Pensions AuthorityEIOPA FrankfurtGermany2011[32]
European Asylum Support OfficeEASO VallettaMalta2011[33]
European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT Systems in the area of freedom, security and justice[34]eu-LISA[35] Tallinn[36]Estonia2012
European Border and Coast Guard Agency Frontex  Warsaw Poland 2016[37] members: EU states, except United Kingdom and Ireland, Schengen Area states not members of the EU
  1. 1 2 3 4 With the United Kingdom scheduled to leave the EU on 30 March 2019, the EU decided to relocate the agencies based in London to Amsterdam and Paris on 20 November 2017.[9]

Executive agencies

Executive agencies are created by European Commission for a fixed period.

Official name Abbreviation Location
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized EnterprisesEASMEBrussels
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive AgencyEACEABrussels
Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive AgencyChafeaLuxembourg
Innovation and Networks Executive AgencyINEABrussels
Research Executive AgencyREABrussels
European Research Council Executive AgencyERCBrussels

Euratom agencies

Official name Abbreviation Location
Euratom Supply AgencyESALuxembourg
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion EnergyF4EBarcelona

Independent bodies

Official name Abbreviation Location
European Institute of Innovation and TechnologyEITBudapest
European Data Protection SupervisorEDPSBrussels
Authority for European political parties and European political foundationsEuropean Parliament

Proposed agencies

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Members and observers
European Public Prosecutor's OfficeEPPO Luxembourg City[38]Luxembourgfirst half of 2019members: EU states, except Denmark, United Kingdom and Ireland as well as Hungary, Poland and Sweden[39]

Former agencies

Official name Abbreviation Location Member state Established Abolished Members and observers
European Agency for ReconstructionEARThessalonikiGreece20002008members: EU states, European Commission[40]
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex  Warsaw Poland 2005 2016

See also

References

  1. Anonymous (5 July 2016). "Agencies and other EU bodies - European Union - European Commission". European Union.
  2. "ESA BR-268" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  3. "OSHA membership". Europa (web portal). 1 January 2000. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  4. "Cedefop membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  5. "EUROFOUND membership". Europa (web portal). 3 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  6. "EEA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  7. "ETF membership". Europa (web portal). 1 June 2009. Archived from the original on 9 July 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  8. "EMCDDA membership". Europa (web portal). 10 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  9. "Paris and Amsterdam to host key EU agencies post-Brexit". BBC News. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  10. "EMA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  11. Former Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market
  12. Former OHIM
  13. "OHIM membership" (PDF). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  14. "CPVO membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  15. "CdT membership" (PDF).
  16. "EMSA membership". Extranet.emsa.europa.eu. 24 March 2011. Archived from the original on 23 January 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  17. "EASA members". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  18. "EASA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  19. "ENISA membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  20. "ECDC observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  21. "GSA observers". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  22. "ERA observers". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  23. "CFCA membership". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  24. "ECHA membership". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  25. "EIGE membership". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  26. "CEPOL membership". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  27. "FRA membership". Europa (web portal). 15 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  28. "About BEREC". Erg.eu.int. 25 November 2009. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  29. "ESRB legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  30. "EBA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  31. "ESMA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  32. "EIOPA legal framework". Europa (web portal). Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  33. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  34. Regulation 1077/2011 establishing a European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  35. Anonymous (16 June 2016). "European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA) - European Union - European Commission". European Union.
  36. Valentina Pop. "Estonia and France are candidates for IT agency seat". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  37. "Frontex | News - European Border and Coast Guard Agency launches today". frontex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-10-13.
  38. "Ministry of Justice: New European Public Prosecutor's Office to be based in Luxembourg". 8 June 2017.
  39. "European Public Prosecutor's Office - European Commission". ec.europa.eu.
  40. "EAR membership". Archived from the original on 3 February 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2011.

The following links are all part of the official EU-website.

Attribution of the seat of EU agencies:

Recommended reading:


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.