Afghanistan at the Asian Games

Afghanistan at the
Asian Games
IOC code AFG
NOC Afghanistan National Olympic Committee
Medals
Gold
0
Silver
5
Bronze
6
Total
11
Summer appearances
Winter appearances

Afghanistan is a member of the South Asian Zone of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), and has participated in the Asian Games since their inception in 1951. The Afghanistan National Olympic Committee, established in 1935 and recognised by the International Olympic Committee in 1936, is the National Olympic Committee for Afghanistan.[1]

Afghanistan was one of the first five founding members of the Asian Games Federation on 13 February 1949, in New Delhi; the organisation was disbanded on 26 November 1981 and replaced by the Olympic Council of Asia.[2][3]

Membership of Olympic Council of Asia

Afghanistan is a member of the South Asian Zone of the Olympic Council of Asia, the governing body of all the sports in Asia, recognised by the International Olympic Committee as the continental association of Asia.[4][5][a] Being a member of South Asian Zone, Afghanistan also participates in the South Asian Games, sub-regional Games for South Asia.[6]

The OCA organises five major continental-level multi-sport events: the Asian Summer Games (which are commonly known as the Asian Games), Asian Winter Games, Asian Indoor-Martial Arts Games, Asian Beach Games, and Asian Youth Games. Before 2009, Indoor and Martial Arts were two separate events for indoor and martial arts sports respectively. However, the OCA has since amalgamated them into a single event, the Asian Indoor-Martial Arts Games, which will be debuted in 2013 in Incheon, South Korea.[7] As a member of OCA, Afghanistan is privileged to participate in all these multi-sport events.

Asian Games

Afghanistan has competed in the Asian Games since the inaugural edition of the Games in 1951 in New Delhi. On 26 September 1996, the Taliban took over Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.[8] Under the Taliban regime all types of sporting activities were deprecated, as according to the Taliban, most of them were against the teachings of Islam and Islamic law. Many stadiums, like Ghazi Stadium of Kabul, were either destroyed or converted into venues for public executions and punishments.[9] Women were banned from taking part in any type of sport; male athletes were allowed to participate in a few sports, but were forced to wear long sleeves, trousers and beards. Following such incidents and discrimination against women, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) banned the Afghanistan National Olympic Committee and barred them from taking part in the Olympic Games.[10]

A few months before the 2000 Summer Olympics, the IOC offered the Afghanistan National Olympic Committee the opportunity to send a contingent to the Games without the Taliban flag. The Committee declined to take part on this condition.[8]

Participation of Afghan sportsmen without representing the Emirate (Afghanistan) and its flag will mean nothing. We will not send anyone on an individual basis

—Abdul Shukoor Mutmaen[8]

Afghanistan did not send a delegation to the 1998 Asian Games held in Bangkok, Thailand, due to economic difficulties. Laws implemented by the Taliban government also made it impossible for Afghan athletes to compete. For example, the International Boxing Association (AIBA) does not allow players to have beards and mustaches, but Afghan males were forbidden to cut their facial hair.[11][12] Afghanistan returned to the Asian Games after the fall of the Taliban government in the midst of an ongoing war.[13] In June 2003, the IOC lifted the suspension imposed on Afghanistan during the 115th IOC Session in Prague.[14]

Medals by Games

Games Rank Gold Silver Bronze Total
1951 New Delhi0000
1954 Manila110101
1958 Tokyo0000
1962 Jakarta130011
1966 Bangkok0000
1970 Bangkokdid not participate
1974 Tehran190011
1978 Bangkokdid not participate
1982 New Delhi170101
1986 Seouldid not participate
1990 Beijing0000
1994 Hiroshima0000
1998 Bangkokdid not participate
2002 Busan360011
2006 Doha360011
2010 Guangzhou290213
2014 Incheon350112
2018 Jakarta & PalembangFuture event
2022 HangzhouFuture event
2026 NagoyaFuture event
Total3805611

Asian Winter Games

Medals by Games

Games Rank Gold Silver Bronze Total
2007 Changchun0000
2011 Astana & Almaty0000
Total0000

Asian Beach Games

Afghanistan has competed in both the editions of the Asian Beach Games. In the 2008 Asian Beach Games, Afghanistan won two medals, a gold and a bronze.[15] In the 2010 Asian Beach Games in Muscat, no Afghan athletes won any medals.

Medals by Games

Games Rank Gold Silver Bronze Total
2008 Bali181012
2010 Muscat0000
2012 Haiyang91001
2014 Phuket310224
2016 Danang320033
Total3122610

Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games

Medals by Games

Games Rank Gold Silver Bronze Total
Asian Indoor Games
2007 Macau0000
2009 Hanoi260224
Asian Martial Arts Games
2009 Bangkok1522812
Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games
2013 Incheon250033
2017 AshgabatFuture event
Total27241319

Asian Youth Games

The First Asian Youth Games were held in Singapore from 29 June 2009 to 7 July 2009 and featured over 90 sporting events. Afghanistan did not send its delegation to the Games.[16]

Medals by Games

Games Rank Gold Silver Bronze Total
2013 Nanjing0000
2021 SurabayaFuture event
Total0000

Medals by sport

   Leading in that sport

Asian Games

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Cricket0202
Taekwondo0145
Wrestling0224
Total05611

See also

Notes and references

Notes

References
  1. "Council – Member Countries". ocasia.org. Olympic Council of Asia. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  2. "The First Asian Games Championships will be held in March 1951 at New Delhi" (PDF). la84foundation.org. LA84 Foundation. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  3. "Council – OCA History". ocasia.org. Olympic Council of Asia. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  4. "NOCs". ocasia.org. Olympic Council of Asia. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  5. "National Olympic Committees". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  6. "Games – South Asian Games". ocasia.org. Olympic Council of Asia. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  7. "Games". ocasia.org. Olympic Council of Asia. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  8. 1 2 3 McDonald, Scott (17 August 2000). "Taleban hope to get ban revoked". Islamabad: rediff.com. Reuters. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  9. Goodwin, Jan. "Buried Alive: Afghan Women Under the Taliban". mtholyoke.edu. Mount Holyoke College. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  10. Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (28 April 2011). "Kabul's scarved boxers – Female Olympic hopefuls train at a stadium where the Taliban used to publicly execute women". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  11. "WSB Technical and Competition Rules-Season 2-Final version  – Eligibility of boxers – Medical eligibility" (PDF). worldseriesboxing.com. World Series of Boxing (AIBA). Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  12. "Mongolia confirms participation, making it 42 nations Asiad". sadec.com. Sadec Asia Pacific. 23 November 1998. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  13. "The Koreas united, for a day – Plus Afghanistan's sporting comeback". The Economist. Westminster. 3 October 2002. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  14. "Afghanistan back in Olympics – Olympic bosses have cleared the way for Afghanistan to compete at the Games in Athens next year". BBC News. 29 June 2003. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  15. "1st Asian Beach Games – Medal Tally of 1st Asian Beach Games". sports.gov.pk. Pakistan Sports Board. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  16. "Games – Asian Youth Games – Singapore 2009". ocasia.org. Olympic Council of Asia. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
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