Location in Turkey
|Coordinates: 40°47′N 30°24′E / 40.783°N 30.400°E|
|• Mayor||Suleyman Disli|
|Elevation||31 m (102 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||(+90) 264|
Adapazarı (pronounced [adapaˈzaɾɯ]) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the capital of Sakarya Province. The province itself was originally named Adapazarı as well. Adapazarı is a part of the densely populated region of the country known as the Marmara Region. In 2014, the city had a population of 462,087.
The history of Adapazarı dates back to 378 BC, when it was called Agrilion (Αγρίλιον). Ancient settlers included Phrygians, Bithynians, Cimmerians, Lydians, Greeks, and Persians, but Adapazarı got its identity from the ancient Hellenistic, Romans, and Greek Byzantine rulers. One of the most important remains of historical significance is the Justinianus Bridge (Turkish: Beş Köprü) built by Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 533 CE. Historically, it was situated on the old military road from Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the east, connected in Late Antiquity by the important Sangarius Bridge and, since the end of the 19th century, by a branch line with the Anatolian railway.
In 1868, the Adapazarı Municipality was officially founded on the town called Der Seadet. A sugar factory and agricultural sugar factory attracted many migrants and accelerated the industrialization of the city. A law passed on 17 June 1954 in the Grand National Assembly saw the city separated from Kocaeli Province and made the center of its own province. The 1999 Marmara earthquake affected Adapazarı and inflicted losses in lives and damage. In the 2000 official census, the population was recorded as 158 474. By official decree, the province was renamed Sakarya after the Sakarya River which runs through it.
Adapazarı has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), with considerable maritime and continental influences. Summers are hot and very humid, and the average maximum temperature is around 29 °C in July and August, although temperatures do usually exceed 30 °C in June, July, August and even September. Winters are cool and damp, and the lowest average minimum temperature is around 3 °C in January. Precipitation is high and fairly evenly distributed the year round, and is heaviest in autumn, winter, spring.
Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two, and it can be heavy.
|Climate data for Adapazarı|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||6.1
|Average low °C (°F)||3.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||94.1
|Average rainy days||15.5||14.1||13.0||11.6||9.8||8.6||6.3||6.7||7.7||11.9||12.7||15.6||133.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||71.3||81.2||117.8||150||210.8||249||272.8||260.4||204||139.5||96||71.3||1,924.1|
|Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü|
Adapazarı is the location of a large automobile factory owned by the Toyota Motor Corporation, as well as the Hyundai EURotem train factory. One of the biggest Turkish defense industry Tank Pallet 1st Main Maintenance of Turkish Defense and Otokar a major manufacturer of buses and military vehicles are located in Sakarya. Other major industries in the city and its surrounding province include textile factories for silk and linen products. Agriculture and forestry also form an important part of the city's economy, with the production of tobacco, hazelnuts (fındık variety), walnut-wood, cocoons and vegetables. Adapazari is one of the most important industrial capitals of Turkey. While Turkey is a developing country, the city of Adapazari renovated its infrastructure and industry after the 17 August 1999 catastrophic earthquake which left 600,000 casualties behind. In memory of the earthquake municipality had built a museum of earthquake in city center.
Education and culture
The only university in the city is Sakarya University, one of the largest universities in Turkey in terms of student enrollment. Since its establishment in 1992, Sakarya University has influenced the culture of the city and transformed public life.
In addition to the university, many different institutions shape and influence the culture of the city. Adapazarı Kültür Merkezi (Adapazarı Culture Center), Ofis Sanat Merkezi (Ofis Art Center), and Sakarya Sanat Galerisi (Sakarya Art Gallery) are the main cultural institutions led by the municipality. Adapazari also hosts non-governmental cultural and educational organizations. Of them, Sakarya Bilgi Kültür Merkezi provides educational and cultural activities.
Adapazarı is home to Sakaryaspor. Sakaryaspor has won the Turkish Cup once and has played in the Turkcell Super League for 11 seasons. They were promoted again to the TFF First League in 2011, the second level in the Turkish Football pyramid, as they beat Konya Şeker S.K., Bugsaşspor and Bandırmaspor consecutively in the play-off games of TFF Second League. However they were relegated in the following season, and since 2013 they play in the TFF Third League. Even though Sakaryaspor is not always a permanent team in the Super League, they have raised many of Turkey's best players, such as Hakan Şükür, Tuncay Şanlı, Oğuz Çetin, Aykut Kocaman and many more.
- Udi Hrant (1901–1978) – oud player, singer and composer of Turkish and Armenian songs
- Kriton Ilyadis (1916–1980) – cinematographer
- Sait Faik Abasıyanık – writer, poet
- Tuncay Şanlı – Bolton Wanderers and Turkey football player
- Hakan Şükür – former football player
- Semih Saygıner – professional carom billiards champion
- Kenan Sofuoğlu – Turkish professional motorcycle racer
- Şansal Büyüka – sports writer and manager of Lig TV
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "Turkey: Major cities and provinces". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2015-02-08.
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Adabazar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 166.
- "Sakarya Merkez (Adapazarı)". Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2011.
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Largest cities or towns in Turkey
TÜİK's address-based calculation from December, 2017.