Achang language

Native to China, Burma
Ethnicity Achang
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1990–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 acn
Glottolog acha1249[2]

The Achang language (autonym: ŋa˨˩tʂhaŋ˨˩; Chinese: 阿昌) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Achang (also known as Maingtha and Ngochang) in Yunnan, China.


Achang is spoken in the following locations (阿昌语简志):

The Xiandao 仙岛 dialect (100 speakers; autonym kʰan˧˩tau˧˩) is spoken in the following two locations in Yingjiang County, Dehong Prefecture (Xiandaoyu Yanjiu).

  • Xiandaozhai 仙岛寨, Mangmian Village 芒面村, Jiemao Township 姐冒乡[3]
  • Meng'ezhai 勐俄寨, Mangxian Village 芒线村, Jiemao Township 姐冒乡[4]

Further reading

  • Inglis, Douglas. 2003. A preliminary phonology of Ngochang. Payap University, Graduate School, Linguistics Department.
  • Nasaw Sampu, Wilai Jaseng, Thocha Jana, and Douglas Inglis (2005). A preliminary Ngochang - Kachin- English Lexicon. Payap University, Graduate School, Linguistics Department.
  • Yabu Shirō 藪 司郎 (1990). "The Achang Language of Burma." アジアの諸言語と一般言語学 Ajia no shogengo to ippan gengogaku / Asian languages and general linguistics. 崎山理 Osamu Sakiyama, et al. Tokyo: 三省堂 Sanseidō. 124-141.


  1. Achang at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Achang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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