Abu Ubayd al-Thaqafi
|Abu Ubayd al-Thaqafi|
|Native name||أبو عبيد التقفي|
|Other name(s)||Abū 'Ubayd ibn Mas'ūd ibn 'Amr ibn 'Umayd ibn 'Awf al-Thaqafī (full name)|
Bank of the Euphrates, near Babylon, Sasanian Empire
al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi (son)
Abū 'Ubayd ibn Mas'ūd ibn 'Amr ibn 'Umayd ibn 'Awf al-Thaqafī (also al-Thaqīfī) (Arabic: أبو عبيد بن مسعود بن عمرو بن عمير بن عوف الثقفی), or simply Abu Ubayd (أبو عبيد), was a commander in the army of the Rashidun Caliphate. He was from the town Ta'if, Arabia, and belong to the tribe Banu Thaqif.
Al-Muthanna, commander of the Muslim Arabs in al-Hira, had asked Abu Bakr and later Caliph Umar for reinforcements against Sasanians in Mesopotamia, who were fighting him back. Umar chose Abu Ubayd who volunteered first, although he was not among the Muhajirun or Ansar (the Companions of Muhammad), and dispatched him. Abu Ubayd arranged a force of 1,000 from his Thaqif tribe as increased his numbers in the way north. He took over command from al-Muthanna for the second time, becoming commander of the forces in al-Hira region. The combined Arab forces conducted raiding in the plains between al-Hira and Ctesiphon (the Sawad). The commander of the Sasanian army Rustam Farrukhzad dispatched an army under Bahman Jadhuyih to attack them. In the upcoming battle at the bank of the Euphrates river near Babylon, known as the Battle of the Bridge, a white war elephant tore Abu Ubaid from his horse with its trunk, and trampled him under its foot. The Arab forces panicked and were defeated. His brother al-Hakam and his son Jabr were also killed after him.
Abu Ubayd was also the father of the Shia leader al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi, who rebelled against the Umayyads to revenge the Karbala event during the Second Fitna. Safiyah, wife of Abdullah ibn Umar, was also his daughter.:305 Jariah, another of his daughters, was married to Umar ibn Sa'ad.
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