Abu'l Abbas al-Hijazi

Abu'l Abbas al-Hijazi, was a 12th-century Arab[1] Muslim traveler, merchant and sailor and is known to have spent forty years in China.[1] His seven sons whom he positioned in seven different commercial centers from his base in Yemen, enhanced his trading business by sending goods from foreign markets.[1] He had lost 11 ships in the Indian Ocean but recovered his fortunes when his 12th ship safely arrived from China which carried porcelain and aloewood.[2][3]


  1. 1 2 3 Egyptian Commercial Policy in the Middle Ages, Subhi Labib, Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East: from the Rise of Islam, ed. M. A. Cook, (Oxford University Press, 1970), 68.
  2. http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/China%201.pdf
  3. Asia, Africa and the Trade of Medieval Europe, David Abulafia, The Cambridge Economic History of Europe: Trade and industry in the Middle Ages, Vol. II, ed. Michael Moïssey Postan, H. J. Habakkuk, Edward Miller, (Cambridge University Press, 1987), 441.
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