Ablon

Ablon
Commune
Ablon Town Hall
Ablon
Location within Normandy region
Ablon
Coordinates: 49°23′39″N 0°17′48″E / 49.3942°N 0.2967°E / 49.3942; 0.2967Coordinates: 49°23′39″N 0°17′48″E / 49.3942°N 0.2967°E / 49.3942; 0.2967
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Lisieux
Canton Honfleur-Deauville
Intercommunality Communauté de communes du Pays de Honfleur-Beuzeville
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Xavier Canu
Area1 12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 1,205
  Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 14001 /14600
Elevation 0–118 m (0–387 ft)
(avg. 98 m or 322 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ablon is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ablonnais or Ablonnaises.[1]

Geography

Ablon is 5 km south east of Honfleur and 16 km north-west of Pont-Audemer with its northern border on the Seine Estuary. It can be reached on Highway D580A from Honfleur turning right on the small country road called Cote de Vats to reach the village of Ablon. Road D140 (Route de Genneville) from Genneville in the south passes through the western side of the commune to join the D580a just outside the commune. The D144 road forms the southern border of the commune. Ablon is in the north-eastern corner of the Calvados department with its eastern border being the departmental border with Eure.[2]

The Morelle river passes through the north of the commune from east to west although oddly does not form part of the commune. The Canal de Retour is parallel to it but also does not form part of the commune.[2]

Toponymy

The name Ablon (from the Germanic man's name Abilo) originates from the Lordship that occupied the area at the end of the Middle Ages.

History

In 1809, Ablon grew in size following its union with two neighbouring communes: Crémanville and Ableville.

Ablon was the site of a Nobel dynamite factory from 1879 until 1989.[3] The factory ceased operations following an explosion on 3 March 1988 which left five people dead, including the factory's director, and eight others injured.[4][5]

Administration

List of Successive Mayors of Ablon[6]

FromToNamePartyPosition
20012008Christian TrocqueUMP
20082020Xavier Canu

(Not all data is known)

French presidential election, 2012 at Ablon

Source : Ministry of Interior - Calvados (Basse-Normandie) (in French)

Candidate First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Eva JolyEÉLV131.66
Marine Le PenFN17121.84
Nicolas SarkozyUMP23029.37 40355.89
Jean-Luc MélenchonFG607.66
Philippe PoutouNPA81.02
Nathalie ArthaudLO20.26
Jacques CheminadeSP40.51
François BayrouMoDem9512.13
Nicolas Dupont-AignanDLR384.85
François HollandePS16220.69 31844.11
Registered voters 901 100.00 901 100.00
Abstentions 107 11.88 129 14.32
Voted 794 88.12 772 85.68
Blanks and Nulls 11 1.39 51 6.61
Valid votes 783 98.61 721 93.39

Demography

In 2010, the town had 1,189 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
324 259 332 982 901 738 702 702 721
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
660 719 660 638 628 650 660 740 757
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
803 741 760 728 772 741 775 841 813
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2010
852 866 838 880 940 1,047 1,145 1,175 1,189

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Culture and heritage

Civil heritage

The commune has two buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Chateau of Ablon (1767 and 1845)[7]
  • The Dynamite Factory (1885 to 1916).[3] The factory contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Dreiswerke moulding machine (1952)[8]
    • A Weighing machine (20th century)[9]
    • A Nitroglycerine production line (20th century)[10]
Other sites of interest
  • La Houssaye Manor-farm

Religious heritage

The Parish Church of Saint-Pierre contains one item that is registered as an historical object:

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References

  1. Inhabitants of Calvados (in French)
  2. 1 2 3 Google Maps
  3. 1 2 Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA14000758 Dynamite Factory (in French)
  4. Record of Accident on the A.R.I.A. database
  5. Detailed Record of Accident on the A.R.I.A. database
  6. List of Mayors of France (in French)
  7. Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111828 Chateau of Ablon (in French)
  8. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14002731 Dreiswerke moulding machine (in French)
  9. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14002730 Weighing machine (in French)
  10. Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14002729 Nitroglycerine production line (in French)
  11. Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM14000001 Baptismal font (in French)
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