AMA Supercross Championship

Monster Energy AMA Supercross and FIM World Championship
Category Motorcycle sport
Motorcycle racing
Country United States
Inaugural season 1974
Classes 450SX, 250SX East, 250SX West, KTM Junior
Riders 38
Constructors Honda  Husqvarna · Kawasaki · KTM · Suzuki · Yamaha
Riders' champion Jason Anderson
Teams' champion Rockstar Energy Husqvarna
Official website www.supercrosslive.com

The AMA Supercross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. Founded by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1974, the AMA Supercross Championship races are held from January through early May. Supercross [1] is an offshoot of the sport of motocross, which takes place on natural terrain. Supercross racing, while related, involves off-road motorcycles on an artificial, man-made dirt track consisting of steep jumps and obstacles. The tracks are usually constructed inside a sports stadium. The easy accessibility and comfort of these stadium venues helped Supercross surpass motocross as a spectator attraction in the United States by the late 1970s.[2]

History

The first motocross race held on a race track inside a stadium took place on August 28, 1948, at Buffalo Stadium in the Paris suburb of Montrouge.[3] As the popularity of motocross surged in the United States in the late 1960s, Bill France added a professional motocross race to the 1971 Daytona Beach Bike Week schedule.[3] The 1972 race was held at Daytona International Speedway on an artificial track on the grass surface between the main grandstand and the pit lane.[3] Jimmy Weinert won the 250 class and Mark Blackwell was the winner of the 500 class.[3]

The event that paved the way for artificial, stadium-based motocross events was a 1972 race held in the Los Angeles Coliseum, promoted by Mike Goodwin and Terry Tiernan, then-president of the AMA, and won by 16-year-old Marty Tripes.[3][4] It was billed as the "Super Bowl of Motocross" which led to the coining of the term "Supercross." The Super Bowl of Motocross II held the following year was an even greater success and, eventually evolved into the AMA Supercross championship held in stadiums across the United States and Canada.[3]

Motocross and Supercross eventually diverged into different forms of racing, with the latter displacing the Grand Prix world championship as the premier off-road motorcycle racing series.[2][3]

Originally, each of the AMA Supercross races were promoted by different companies, most notably Mike Goodwin in the West, Pace Motorsports in the Midwest and Southwest, and Super Sports in the East. In the 1980s, Mickey Thompson (MTEG) partnered Goodwin, then took over the West region. In the 1990s, MTEG went bankrupt and Super Sports sold its business to SRO/Pace, which became the single AMA Supercross promoter. The company was bought by SFX Entertainment in 1998, and Clear Channel bought the latter in 2000. The events division of Clear Channel was split off as Live Nation in 2005, and the motorsports division was sold to Feld Entertainment in 2008, which currently promote the championship.

While growing consistently since the '70s, in the early part of the 21st Century Supercross' popularity really took off.[2] In the United States, Supercross races today are now some of the most popular races regularly held.

The American Motorcyclist Association awards three Supercross Championship Champs each year. They are the 450cc (was known as 250cc two-stroke), and both an East and West division on the 250cc (was 125cc two-stroke). World Supercross Champions are named by other racing organizations around the world. Supercross racing classifications are governed by the displacement of the motorcycle's engine based on two-stroke engines until 2006, as four-stroke engines replaced two-stroke engines. Since then, the AMA has labeled the classes by four-stroke displacement. From 2007 until 2012, a formula nomenclature similar to INDYCAR was used, with the 450cc class known as Supercross and 250cc as Supercross Lites. Starting in 2013, the AMA and Feld Motor Sports returned to the traditional nomenclature, based on four-stroke engines—450cc (known as "MX1" in Europe), and 250cc displacement levels (also known as "MX2"). The 450cc Champion has always been generally considered to be the most prestigious.

In addition to points races, the U.S. Open of Supercross was an invitation-only race held at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas from 1998 to 2009, featuring a US $100,000 purse for the event winner. Since 2011, the Monster Energy Cup is held at the Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas. A US $1.0 million purse is available to the rider who wins all three featured races. Ryan Villopoto won the inaugural 2011 event as did Marvin Musquin in the 2017 edition[5]

Calendar

The AMA series begins in early January and continues until early-May. It consists of 17 rounds in the 450cc Class, and 9 rounds in 250cc West Class and 9 rounds in the 250cc East Class, which the twelfth round at Indianapolis in April and the final round at Las Vegas in May have an East-West Shootout, and 14 major stadiums and one permanent racing circuit (in a temporary stadium setup) from all over North America.

Event format

Each meet is structured similarly to Short track motor racing with two heat races and a consolation race in each class. In both classes, each heat race is five minutes plus one lap. Each heat features 20 riders (one may have 21 riders depending on qualifying results), with the top nine advancing to the feature. The other 22-23 riders are relegated to the consolation race, known as the Last Chance Qualifier, which is three minutes plus one lap, with the top four advancing to the feature.

In the 450cc class, the highest placed competitor in points, provided he is in the top ten in national points, and has yet to qualify after either heat race or consolation race, will receive a provisional for the feature race. The feature race is 15 minutes plus one lap in the 250cc class, and 20 minutes plus one lap for the 450cc class, with 25 championship points for the race win. At three races in 2018 (the second Anaheim, and also the Minneapolis and Atlanta rounds), a three-heat format will be used (six, ten, and twelve minutes for 250cc, eight, twelve, and fifteen minutes for 450cc), and rules similar to the Monster Energy Cup individual heat scoring will determine the overall race winner.

For the season-ending East-West Shootout at Las Vegas for the 250cc class starting in May 2011, each region's top 20 will race in the non-championship event for a 15-minute heat race. Standard rules apply, with the feature race being 10 laps. In 2016, the East-West Shootout became a points-paying round where both regions' champions would be decided in the same feature. Starting in 2018, the combined East-West Shootout will also be held in the middle of the season, at the Indianapolis round.

Starting with the 2012 Season, riders who are in first place in the Series' Points Lead will use the red plate to race in the Series.

If at any point during the Heat Races, LCQs or the Feature Races, that the race is red-flagged within less than 3 laps, the race will be a complete restart. However, if the race is red-flagged with more than 3 laps completed but less than 90% of the total race distance and after a minimum of a 10-minute delay, the race will be a staggered restart with riders lined up from the previous lap they went.

Track

Among the obstacles, riders must navigate through every lap. The track takes a combination of obstacles such as whoop sections (where riders skim along the tops of multiple bumps), rhythm sections (irregular series of jumps with a variety of combination options), and triple jumps (three jumps in a row that riders normally clear in a single leap of 70 feet or more). Many of the turns have banked berms, but some are flat. It takes roughly five hundred truckloads of dirt to make up a supercross track. Soil conditions can be hard-packed, soft, muddy, sandy, rutted, or any combination thereof.

AMA Supercross Championship winners by year

Merged with World Supercross Championship in 2008.[6][7][8][9]

Year 450cc Class
(formerly 250 cc 2-stroke)
250cc West
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke West)
250cc East
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke East)
2018 Jason Anderson Aaron Plessinger Zach Osborne
2017 Ryan Dungey Justin Hill Zach Osborne
2016 Ryan Dungey Cooper Webb Malcolm Stewart
2015 Ryan Dungey Cooper Webb Marvin Musquin
2014 Ryan Villopoto Jason Anderson Justin Bogle
2013 Ryan Villopoto Ken Roczen Wil Hahn
2012 Ryan Villopoto Eli Tomac Justin Barcia
2011 Ryan Villopoto Broc Tickle Justin Barcia
2010 Ryan Dungey Jake Weimer Christophe Pourcel
2009 James Stewart Jr. Ryan Dungey Christophe Pourcel
2008 Chad Reed Jason Lawrence Trey Canard
2007 James Stewart Jr. Ryan Villopoto Ben Townley
2006 Ricky Carmichael Grant Langston Davi Millsaps
2005 Ricky Carmichael Ivan Tedesco Grant Langston
2004 Chad Reed Ivan Tedesco James Stewart Jr.
2003 Ricky Carmichael James Stewart Jr. Branden Jesseman
2002 Ricky Carmichael Travis Preston Chad Reed
2001 Ricky Carmichael Ernesto Fonseca Travis Pastrana
2000 Jeremy McGrath Shae Bentley Stéphane Roncada
1999 Jeremy McGrath Nathan Ramsey Ernesto Fonseca
1998 Jeremy McGrath John Dowd Ricky Carmichael
1997 Jeff Emig Kevin Windham Tim Ferry
1996 Jeremy McGrath Kevin Windham Mickaël Pichon
1995 Jeremy McGrath Damon Huffman Mickaël Pichon
1994 Jeremy McGrath Damon Huffman Ezra Lusk
1993 Jeremy McGrath Jimmy Gaddis Doug Henry
1992 Jeff Stanton Jeremy McGrath Brian Swink
1991 Jean-Michel Bayle Jeremy McGrath Brian Swink
1990 Jeff Stanton Ty Davis Denny Stephenson
1989 Jeff Stanton Jeff Matiasevich Damon Bradshaw
1988 Rick Johnson Jeff Matiasevich Todd DeHoop
1987 Jeff Ward Willie Surratt Ron Tichenor
1986 Rick Johnson Donny Schmit Keith Turpin
1985 Jeff Ward Bobby Moore Eddie Warren
1984 Johnny O'Mara
1983 David Bailey
1982 Donnie Hansen
1981 Mark Barnett
1980 Mike Bell
1979 Bob Hannah
1978 Bob Hannah
1977 Bob Hannah
1976 Jimmy Weinert 500 cc Winner
1975 Jimmy Ellis Steve Stackable
1974 Pierre Karsmakers Gary Semics

Supercross All Time Wins List

All time Supercross wins list [10]
450/250 ClassWins250/125 ClassWinsCombinedWins
Jeremy McGrath72 James Stewart Jr.18 Jeremy McGrath85
James Stewart Jr.50 Nathan Ramsey15 James Stewart Jr.68
Ricky Carmichael48 Jeremy McGrath13 Ricky Carmichael60
Chad Reed44 Ricky Carmichael12 Ryan Villopoto52
Ryan Villopoto41 Ryan Dungey12 Chad Reed50
Ryan Dungey34 Kevin Windham12 Ryan Dungey46
Ricky Johnson28 Ernesto Fonseca12 Eli Tomac33
Bob Hannah27 Damon Huffman12 Kevin Windham30
Eli Tomac21 Brian Swink12 Ricky Johnson28
Jeff Ward20 Christophe Pourcel12 Bob Hannah27
Damon Bradshaw19 Eli Tomac12
Kevin Windham18 Ryan Villopoto11
Jeff Stanton17 Marvin Musquin11
Mark Barnett17 Jeff Matiasevich11
Jean-Michel Bayle16 Justin Barcia11
David Bailey12 Cooper Webb11
Ezra Lusk12 Ivan Tedesco10
Ken Roczen11 Mickaël Pichon10
Mike Bell11 Jake Weimer9
Broc Glover10 Travis Pastrana8
Mike Larrocco10 Denny Stephenson8
Ron Lechien8 Keith Turpin8
Jimmy Ellis8 Dean Wilson8
Marvin Musquin8 Grant Langston7
Johnny O'Mara7 Davi Millsaps7
David Vuillemin7 Stéphane Roncada7
Jason Anderson7 John Dowd7
Jeff Emig7 Ezra Lusk7
Trey Canard5 Doug Henry7
Davi Millsaps5 Trey Canard7
Mike Kiedrowski5 Josh Hansen7
Kent Howerton5 Chad Reed6
Darrell Shultz4 Jeff Emig6
Jim Weinert4 Damon Bradshaw6
Donnie Hansen4 Justin Hill6
Doug Henry4 Zach Osborne6
Larry Ward3 Aaron Plessinger6
Marty Smith3 Andrew Short5
Tony Distefano2 Ken Roczen5
Justin Barcia2 Jason Anderson5
Marty Tripes2 Cole Seely5
Cole Seely1 Braden Jesseman5
Andrew Short1 Adam Cianciarulo5
Josh Grant1 Joey Savatgy5
Josh Hill1 Michael Brown4
Nathan Ramsey1 Travis Preston4
John Dowd1 David Pingree4
Sébastien Tortelli1 David Vuillemin4
Damon Huffman1 Ryan Hughes4
Greg Albertyn1 Jimmy Button4
Michael Craig1 Donnie Scmit4
Doug Dubach1 Rich Tichenor4
Jeff Matiasevich1 Willie Surratt4
Rex Staten1 Blake Baggett4
Chuck Sun1 Broc Sellards4
Steve Wise1 Jeremy Martin4
Gaylon Mosier1 Martin Davalos4
Jaroslav Falta1 Blake Wharton3
Jim Pomeroy1 Justin Bogle3
Pierre Karsmakers1 Jason Lawrence3
Rick Ryan1 Ben Townley3
Justin Brayton1
450/250 Class SX Championships

250/125 Class is a divisional championship featuring 2 regional champions per year

450/250 ClassTitles250/125 ClassTitles
Jeremy McGrath7 Jeremy McGrath2
Ricky Carmichael5 Jeff Matiasevich2
Ryan Villopoto4 Brian Swink2
Ryan Dungey4 Damon Huffman2
Jeff Stanton3 Mickael Pichon2
Bob Hannah3 Kevin Windham2
Chad Reed2 Ivan Tedesco2
James Stewart Jr.2 James Stewart Jr.2
Rick Johnson2 Cooper Webb2
Jeff Ward2 Brian Swink2
Jeff Emig1 Grant Langston2
Jean-Michel Bayle1 Christophe Pourcel2
Johnny O'Mara1 Justin Barcia2
David Bailey1 Jason Anderson1
Donnie Hansen1 Zach Osborne2
Mark Barnett1 Malcolm Stewart1
Mike Bell1
Jimmy Weinert1
Jimmy Ellis1
Pierre Karsmakers1

Rookie Season Champions

1993 Jeremy McGrath won the Supercross title in his rookie season.

In 2010, Ryan Dungey became the only rider to capture both the Supercross and Motocross titles in his rookie year.[11]

Venues

Sources:[12][13]

VenueCityState/ProvincePeriodType
Angel StadiumAnaheimCalifornia1976–1979, 1981–1987,
1989–1996, 1999–present
Baseball
AT&T StadiumArlingtonTexas2010–presentFootball
CenturyLink FieldSeattleWashington2005–2014, 2017–presentFootball
Daytona International SpeedwayDaytona BeachFlorida1971–presentRacetrack
The Dome at America's CenterSt. LouisMissouri1996–presentFootball
Gillette StadiumFoxboroughMassachusetts2016, 2018–presentFootball
Lucas Oil StadiumIndianapolisIndiana2009–presentFootball
Mercedes-Benz StadiumAtlantaGeorgia2018–presentFootball
NRG StadiumHoustonTexas2003–2015, 2018–presentFootball
Oakland–Alameda County ColiseumOaklandCalifornia1979–1980, 1984,
2011–present
Baseball / football
Petco ParkSan DiegoCalifornia2015–presentBaseball
Raymond James StadiumTampaFlorida1999, 2018–presentFootball
Rice-Eccles StadiumSalt Lake CityUtah2001–2004, 2009–2013, 2017–presentFootball
Sam Boyd StadiumLas VegasNevada1990–1995, 1997–presentFootball
University of Phoenix StadiumGlendaleArizona2016–presentFootball
U.S. Bank StadiumMinneapolisMinnesota2017–presentFootball
AstrodomeHoustonTexas1974–2002Baseball / football
AT&T ParkSan FranciscoCalifornia2003–2010Baseball
Atlanta–Fulton County StadiumAtlantaGeorgia1977–1986, 1989–1992Baseball / football
Charlotte Motor SpeedwayCharlotteNorth Carolina1996–1998Racetrack
Chase FieldPhoenixArizona1999–2015Baseball
Camping World StadiumOrlandoFlorida1983–1985, 1991–1997, 2005–2007Football
Dodger StadiumLos AngelesCalifornia2011–2012Baseball
Ford FieldDetroitMichigan2006–2008, 2014–2017Football
Georgia DomeAtlantaGeorgia1993–2017Football
Hubert H. Humphrey MetrodomeMinneapolisMinnesota1994–2004, 2008, 2013Baseball / football
Jacksonville Municipal StadiumJacksonvilleFlorida2009–2011Football
KingdomeSeattleWashington1978–1999Baseball / football
Levi's StadiumSanta ClaraCalifornia2015–2016Football
Los Angeles Memorial ColiseumLos AngelesCalifornia1972–1979, 1981–1982,
1984–1992, 1997–1998
Football
Mercedes-Benz SuperdomeNew OrleansLouisiana1977–1980, 1998–2002, 2009, 2012Football
MetLife StadiumEast RutherfordNew Jersey2014–2017Football
Mile High StadiumDenverColorado1996Baseball / football
Qualcomm StadiumSan DiegoCalifornia1980–1982, 1985–1987,
1989–1996, 1998–2014
Baseball / football
RCA DomeIndianapolisIndiana1992–2008Football
Rogers CentreTorontoOntario2008–2014, 2016–2017Baseball / football
Route 66 RacewayJolietIllinois2000Racetrack
Pontiac SilverdomePontiacMichigan1976–1984, 1986–2005Football
Spartan StadiumSan JoseCalifornia1990–1995Football
Sun Devil StadiumPhoenixArizona1986–1987, 1991, 1997–1998Football
Tampa StadiumTampaFlorida1987–1990, 1992–1994, 1996, 1998Football
Texas StadiumIrvingTexas1975–1977, 1985–1989, 1991–2008Football
Three Rivers StadiumPittsburghPennsylvania1978, 1983Baseball / football
Arrowhead StadiumKansas CityMissouri1980–1983Football
John F. Kennedy StadiumPhiladelphiaPennsylvania1980Football
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial StadiumWashington, D.C.1983Baseball / football
Foxboro StadiumFoxboroughMassachusetts1983–1984, 1990Football
Rose BowlPasadenaCalifornia1983–1985, 1990, 1993Football
Talladega SuperspeedwayTalladegaAlabama1984Racetrack
New Era FieldOrchard ParkNew York1984Football
Cal ExpoSacramentoCalifornia1984Racetrack
Miami Orange BowlMiamiFlorida1987, 1989Football
Giants StadiumEast RutherfordNew Jersey1987–1991Football
State Fair SpeedwayOklahoma CityOklahoma1989–1991Racetrack
American Legion Memorial StadiumCharlotteNorth Carolina1990–1995Football
Tropicana FieldSt. PetersburgFlorida1991Baseball / Football
Cleveland StadiumClevelandOhio1995Baseball / football
Cotton BowlDallasTexas1983–1984, 1990Football

World Supercross Championship winners by year

Conceived in 2003; merged with AMA series prior to the 2008 season.[14][15][16]

Year 450 Class
2018 Jason Anderson
2017 Ryan Dungey
2016 Ryan Dungey
2015 Ryan Dungey
2014 Ryan Villopoto
2013 Ryan Villopoto
2012 Ryan Villopoto
2011 Ryan Villopoto
2010 Ryan Dungey
2009 James Stewart, Jr.
2008 Chad Reed
2007 James Stewart, Jr.
2006 James Stewart, Jr.
2005 Ricky Carmichael
2004 Heath Voss
2003 Chad Reed

See also

References

  1. "AMA Supercross". amasupercross.com. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 "Pro MX: Vital Signs Are Good". Google Books. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Taking Motocross to the people". motorcyclemuseum.org. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  4. "The First Supercross". motorcyclistonline.com. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  5. Stallo, Chase (October 12, 2016). "Monster Energy Cup Moments". Racer X Online. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  6. AMA Supercross Champions (USA) / SX / 450 (4-stroke) / 250 (4-stroke and 2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived January 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. AMA Supercross Lites West Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (4-stroke and 2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived December 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. AMA Supercross Lites East Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived January 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. AMA Supercross 500 Champions (USA) / SX (2-stroke) at motorsportsetc.com Archived January 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. 2017 AMA Supercross media guide
  11. Moore, Eli (May 18, 2017). "Ryan Dungey: An Epic Career Part 2". redbull.com. Retrieved Aug 6, 2017.
  12. 2015 AMA Supercross media guide
  13. The Vault - Racer X Online
  14. 2003 World Supercross at MotoSM.com Archived March 12, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. 2004 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. 2005 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
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